Heavenly foods of India

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Source : Google photo of the Golden temple in Amritsar, India

Synopsis : I usually write about social issues so I thought what could be more social than food in India where people really go out to enjoy food in other’s company which is a great social event. India is known for its great food but only very few who have visited have learned its rich diversity in food and its very rich culinary history where various recipes from various parts of the world have been blended to create something unique to each region.

You will find  dazzling varieties of food with the local twist in each part of the great country called India , some vegetarian and others non vegetarian that will surprise you and your taste buds in a way that will make you feel that you are literally in heaven. That is why I named this blog The heavenly foods of India that will show you foods from Imphal to Chennai and Bengaluru in the south. The videos are self explanatory so do not need my comments.

I have tasted foods in many countries but none compare to the taste and quality of Indian food some of which are displayed in the following videos. It is not for nothing that India is called the country of spices but what is amazing is how they use the spices to bring out so unique taste in food that only Indians know how.

But I start the blog with not food but the visit to Amritsar Golden  temple and the Sikh religion that makes Amritsar the holiest city of their very unique religion. In the later part of the video the reporter will also show you a very unique feature of Sikh religion that welcomes anyone irrespective of their religion, caste, color, race or ethnicity to their temple and feeds everyone who so wishes all day , every day of the year. They never stop. You will see them feeding Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Jains, Jews and the Sikhs all together because they welcome all. This is a very unique feature of their faith. Other faiths have a lot to learn from them about their tolerance of other faiths.

Most people outside India do not know much about the Sikh religion and how it originated hundreds of years ago there , what are its main features and why the Sikhs wear turban and do not shave their facial hair. Some Sikhs living in the United States have been mistakenly identified as Muslims and have been attacked by the ignorant people who have never heard about their great religion.

Here in the Philippines the Sikhs are misunderstood and stereo typed as Indians . They are Indians but they are unlike any other people in India where all the religions of the world thrive and co exist peacefully although there have been some communal tensions due to some quarrels because of some misunderstanding or fanatical zeal that I will write about here.

In summary, some Sikh militant activists rallied to separate from India and form their own country, Khalistan and took refuge in the Golden Temple of Amritsar, from where they tried to mobilize all Sikhs to their cause through an armed revolt. The Indian army encircled the temple and, after a long battle, killed all the militants but the temple was also damaged by the fighting. This undermined the feeling of some Sikhs in the armed forces who tried to reach Amritsar to provide military assistance to the rebels, but were arrested. The Sikhs who were the bodyguards of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi murdered her in New Delhi because she had ordered the attack on their temple in Amritsar. Later, the temple was repaired thoroughly.

Birth of Sikhism in India: (source: Wikipedia)

Sikhism is the fifth largest religion in the world, with about 20 to 30 million Sikhs. There are about 500,000 Sikhs each in the United States and Great Britain. Here are 5 things to know about faith. The sacred book of Sikhs, “Guru Granth Sahib,” teaches that there is one God, that men and women are fundamentally good and equal before God, that everyone has direct access to God. and that the way to get closer to God is to serve our fellow men. Sikh religion was founded in 1469 by Guru Nanak in the Punjab region of India. Guru Nanak and his nine successors shaped the fundamental beliefs of religion in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Sikhism has evolved in times of religious persecution. Two of the Sikh gurus – Guru Arjan (1563-1605) and Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621-1675) – were tortured and executed by the Mughal rulers after refusing to convert to Islam. The persecution of the Sikhs triggered the founding of the Khalsa as an order to protect freedom of conscience and religion, endowed with the qualities of a “Sant-Sipāhī” – a holy soldier. The Khalsa was founded by the last Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh.

All Sikhs must believe in five K (Kirpan, Kachcha, Kesh, Kara and Kanghi), which means that they must always wear a dagger or a small knife (Kirpan), an undergarment called kachcha, should not cut hair or shave (Kesh), wear a steel or silver bracelet (Kara) and hold a comb in the hair (Kanghi). They are forbidden to drink alcohol, cut their hair, have sex with Muslims, commit adultery, eat halal meat and have priests.

The Muslims who invaded India several centuries ago brought with them the ideology that Hindus must accept Islam, either by coercion or by force, so they massacred the population en masse while they refused to do it. A particular group of Hindus who were so persecuted and threatened with death fought back and swore never to give up their faith, so they became armed and protected themselves.

They lived a harsh life so they grew their hair and beard and learned martial art to protect themselves and their women laying the foundation of a new faith called Sikhhism and built a magnificent temple in Amritsar that they covered entirely with gold. This temple keeps the original and sacred scripture called Guru Granth sahib that is read everyday throughout the year. This recitation has not stopped since the temple was built centuries ago.

It is the sacred duty of all Sikhs to visit the temple at least once in their lifetime no matter where in the world they live. Photography is not allowed inside the temple so you can’t see the splendor and breathtaking view from inside but a visit to the grounds in itself is awe inspiring as the video will show you.

The Sikhs carry Hindu names as a testament to the fact that they were Hindus but with a twist. They spell their names slightly differently from Hindus to differentiate themselves from the rest so Jitendra becomes Jatinder, Surendra becomes Surinder etc. Sikhs are wonderful people. They are fierce fighters in the defense forces of India. They are very hard working and honest and they are very intelligent and have attained very high posts in the government. One became the President of India and another became the most decorated chief of the Indian Air Force.  They have also spread out through out the world and can be found in many countries where they have settled down.

So I hope you will learn something about the great Sikh people by watching this video.

1.  The Golden temple in Amritsar, Punjab, India

2. Food in Chennai , South India

3. Food in Bengaluru in Karnataka, South India

4. Food in Imphal in North Eastern State Manipur, India.

Note: Imphal is the capital of Manipur State in northeastern India. Netaji Bose and his army fought the British and deployed the Indian flag for the first time after victory there though he did not succeed to liberate all of India. The inhabitants of this region seem different from the rest of the Indians because of their ethnic origin in the mountain tribes of Myanmarand southern China. Their food is also different from other spicy dishes in the country, but it is delicious.

 

Note :  My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese  languages at the following links as well as my biography:

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Anil’s biography in English.

Biographie d’Anil en français

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Anil’s Biografie auf Deutsch

Anil’s biography in Japanese

Биография Анила по-русски

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101 Most beautiful places in India

Source : Google photo of Holi celebration in India

India is a land of contrast. Its rich cultural heritage, scenic beauty, flora and fauna, its diverse people, their ancient culture and traditions, its desert and lofty snow clad mountains in the north, its arts and crafts, its diverse wildlife , its culinary delights , its architecture, palaces and forts, its colorful people and their colorful festivals all make India a coveted destination.

Its beauty surprises visitors . Its food delights them. Its colorful festivals mesmerize them. India in short is like no other country in the world. Now you will see a country on its way to become a developed country with its vast network or roads, railways, modern airports, modern everything that is improving the lives of its people with unprecedented speed . The whole country has gone digital where almost all services of the government are available on line  but the following 101 places will show you India in a way that will stay in your heart forever.  I wish you a wonderful experience in India that I call home.

Travel while you’re still young. Lose yourself to find your own self. Live like there’s no tomorrow. And whatever you’ll explore today will last a lifetime with you. So, here’s a list of 101 amazing tourist places in India you must visit before you turn 30. These are not just destinations but fun places that will offer you some crazy experiences of a lifetime. What are you waiting for? It’s time to pack your bags and set on a journey to scratch off a few destinations from your bucket list. It’s time to visit these best tourist places in India to explore yourself on a journey.

Here is a list of 101 most beautiful places in India .These places in India are known for their magnificence and overall beauty. They are the gems of India you can visit and be enthralled. It will leave on you a deep impression

  1. Goa: The Official Party Hub
  2. Mcleodganj: Heaven Amidst The Hills
  3. Srinagar: The Gem Of Kashmir
  4. Andaman: The Beach Haven
  5. Leh-Ladakh: The Biker’s Paradise
  6. Binsar: Explore The Realms Of Wildlife
  7. Coorg: Walk Amidst The Coffee Plantations
  8. Kerala: The Magical God’s Own Country
  9. Kanatal: For The Best Camping Experiences
  10. Kasol: The Trekker’s Paradise
  11. Kutch: The Most Beautiful Stretch Of White Desert
  12. Bir Billing: The Paragliding Hub Of India
  13. Assam: Home Of One-Horned Rhinos
  14. Rishikesh: The Adventure Capital Of India
  15. Shimla: The Queen Of Northern Hills
  16. Tirthan Valley: The Adventure Hub Of Himachal
  17. Jim Corbett: An Adventurous Jungle Adventure
  18. Manali: The Snowy Paradise
  19. Udaipur: The Romantic City Of Lakes
  20. Auli: A Perfect Place For Ski Lovers
  21. Mysore: Of Silk, Sandalwood, And Sweets
  22. Valley of Flowers: Rich In Flora And Fauna
  23. Jaisalmer: For The Best Desert Safari Ever
  24. Jodhpur: Bleed Blue In The Royal City
  25. Parashar Lake: For An Offbeat Experience
  26. Mukteshwar: The Lesser Known Gem Of Uttarakhand
  27. Dhanaulti: Explore The Most Beautiful Alpine Forests
  28. Varanasi: The Spiritual Capital Of India
  29. Mumbai: The City That Never Sleeps
  30. Kolkata: A City Of Charm, Culture, And Creative Minds
  31. Delhi: A Place That Everyone Calls Home
  32. Meghalaya: An Abode Of Clouds
  33. Sikkim: Home Of Ancient Buddhist Monasteries
  34. Agra: The Land Of Taj
  35. Cherrapunji: The Land Of Living Root Bridges
  36. Dalhousie: Witness The Victorian Architecture
  37. Hampi: Where The Ancient Ruins Come Alive
  38. Jabalpur: Watch The Mighty Dhuandhar Falls Cascading
  39. Mathura: The Birth Place Of Lord Krishna
  40. Hyderabad: Relish The Real Taste Of The Nizam’s Culture
  41. Amritsar: A Blend Of Culture, Food, & Religious Sites
  42. Orissa: The Land Of Temples
  43. Mahabalipuram: An Epitome Of Art & Architecture
  44. Visakhapatnam: Revisit One Of The Best Beaches In India
  45. Ooty: Meet The Queen Of The Nilgiri Mountains
  46. Kodaikanal: The Princess Of Southern Hill Stations
  47. Pondicherry: The Quaint Little French Beach Town
  48. Mahabaleshwar: Relish The Best Of Western Ghats
  49. Darjeeling: Home Of The Thrilling Himalayan Railway
  50. Ziro: An Escape For The Peace Seekers
  51. Khajjiar: India’s Mini Switzerland
  52. Mount Abu: Rajasthan’s Only Hill station
  53. Nainital: The City Of Lakes
  54. Lakshadweep: A Tropical Island
  55. Chopta: A Small Green Paradise
  56. Spiti: A Desert Hill Station
  57. Sonamarg: Blooming Valleys
  58. Almora: Horse-Shoe Shaped Town
  59. Orchha: Hub Of Temples
  60. Gwalior: A Majestic Fort City
  61. Gokarna: A Peaceful Goa
  62. Pahalgam: Saffron Fields And More
  63. Landsdowne: Heavenly Place
  64. Joshimath: Place Of Worship
  65. Tawang: Backpacking Trip
  66. Manikaran: Hot Springs Favourite
  67. Shimoga: Karnataka’s Hidden Gem
  68. Madikeri: Scenic Beauty
  69. Ranikhet: The Queen’s Meadow
  70. Kausani: Perfect Getaway For Couples
  71. Agumbe: Scenic Beauty
  72. Munnar: Immerse In The Greenery
  73. Gangtok: Explore The Gateway To Sikkim
  74. New Delhi: Enjoy A Day At India’s Capital
  75. Kanha National Park: Amidst The Wildlife
  76. Mussoorie: Tour To The Queen Of Hills
  77. Tirupati: Glimpse Of Magnificent Temples
  78. Vaishno Devi: Take A Religious Tour
  79. Alleppey: Enjoy The Houseboat Ride
  80. Bangalore: Take A Tour Silicon Valley
  81. Jaipur: Experience The Royalty
  82. Chandigarh: India’s First Well-Planned City
  83. Lonavala: Most Popular Weekend Getaway
  84. Coonoor: A Refreshing Escape
  85. Ajmer: Mystic Abode Of Khwaja Garib Nawaz
  86. Varkala: The Latent Treasure Of Kerala
  87. Poovar: Explore The Ancient Town
  88. Khajuraho: Visit The Archaic Temples
  89. Pushkar: Ancient City With Sacred Sites
  90. Wayanad: Nature’s Heaven
  91. Gulmarg: Paradise For Winter Lovers
  92. Shirdi: Place Of Sai Baba
  93. Madurai: The City Of Temples
  94. Bodh Gaya: Land Of Nirvana
  95. Ranchi: Place Of Waterfalls
  96. Bokaro Steel City: The Most Well-Planned City
  97. Deoghar: Explore Jharkhand’s Spiritual Side
  98. Bankura: The Hilly Paradise
  99. Nalanda: Explore The Rustic Temples
  100. Hazaribagh: Bewitching Land of Lakes

1. Goa – The Official Party Hub

New Year party in the Tito’s lane is a confetti of joys and memories

Source : Google photo

Unarguably, Goa has to be amongst the first few famous places in India in your twenties. Young and energetic! Amazing nightlife, a variety of booze, beach shacks, and dirt cheap prices – Goa is one of the best holiday destinations in India that makes your trip memorable. If you are thinking about the best things to do in Goa, you can take a cruise from Mumbai to Goa to enjoy your trip in its best way.

Best time to visit: November to February
How to reach

  • By air: Dabolim International Airport is the major airport in Goa.
  • By rail: Madgaon Railway Station and Thivim Railway Station are the main railway heads of Goa.
  • By road: Margao Bus Terminal, Kadamba Bus Terminal, and Mapusa Bus Terminal are the best-connected bus terminals in Goa. However, many people prefer taking a car/bike ride from Mumbai and Pune.
  • By Sea: You can also opt for ferry services which is an excellent way of commuting. You can take a ferry from Mumbai to Panaji and easily reach Goa.

Attractions: Beaches like Vagator, Calangute, Anjuna, Colva, & Benaulim, Fort Aguada, Church of Mae De Deus, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Temple of Bodgeshwar, Dudhsagar Waterfalls, St Xavier’s Church, Grand Island (for watersports), Deltin Royale Casino and clubs like Cafe Mambos, Titos, LPK (Love Passion Karma), SinQ, & Club Cubana.

Things To Do In Goa: Take the famous cruise from Mumbai to Goa.
Events: Sunburn Festival in December
Water Sports At Baga and Calangute Beaches: Kneeboarding, Kayaking, Wakeboarding, Windsurfing, Scuba Diving, White Water Rafting
Famous Markets: Anjuna Flea Market, Panjim Market, Mackie’s Night Bazaar, Saturday Market
Best Resorts Near Baga Beach: Estrela Do Mar Beach Resort, Resort Rio

2. Mcleodganj – Heaven Amidst The Hills

Trek to Triund in Mcleodganj for an incredible experience

Source : Google photo

The majestic mountains can call tourists to experience the best of what nature has to offer at Mcleodganj – one of the most beautiful places to visit in India. Triund offers a spectacular view of the Dhauladhar ranges. Experience bliss while camping under billions of stars with your friends in Triund. This is among the loveliest Indian destinations for camping, regardless of which season you’re coming in. No wonder it’s among the top 10 famous places in India.

Best time to visit: September to June
How to reach

  • By air: Gaggal Airport (18 km away) is the nearest airport.
  • By rail: The nearest railhead is Pathankot Railway Station (89 km away)
  • By road: Numerous state government & private buses ply between Mcleodganj and various cities of north India like Delhi, Chandigarh, Dharamshala, etc. on a regular basis. Passengers can take a bus to the Mcleodganj bus stand and then hire a taxi.

Attractions: Kangra Fort, Bhagsunath Temple, Bhagsu Falls, Namgyal Monastery, Dalai Lama Temple complex, HPCA Stadium, tea plantations of Kangra valley, and Triund trek

Must-Visit Restaurants: Nick’s Italian Kitchen, Lung-Ta Japanese Restaurant

3. Srinagar – The Gem Of Kashmir

Beautiful valleys of Kashmir

Source : Google photo

If you’re in your twenties, it’s time to add Kashmir to your list of beautiful places in India to visit. If there is heaven on earth, this it is! Experience its charismatic charm before the natural hits and turmoil spoil it all. And when would be a better time to explore flood-hit, terror-stricken heaven on earth if not now?! Explore the restaurants in Srinagar if you are a real foodie.

Best time to visit: April to October
How to reach

  • By air: Srinagar has its own airport.
  • By rail: The Srinagar Railway Station is under construction. Till then, passengers can take a train to Udhampur Railway Station(229 km from Srinagar)
  • By road: Unless you are travelling from the city of Jammu & Kashmir, the road is not a preferred way to reach Srinagar.

Attractions: Dal Lake (boating in shikaras & night stays in houseboats), Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, Tomb of Zin-ul-Abidin, Jama Masjid, Hazratbal Mosque, and Shankaracharya Hill, Pari mahal, Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden
Restaurants In Srinagar: Mughal Darbar, Cafe De Linz

Famous Lakes In Srinagar: Nagin lake, Dal lake

4. Andaman – The Beach Haven

Andaman has to be on your list of places to visit in India

Source : Google photo

Scared of water? Never swam? Maybe it’s time to beat the fear out of you and dive into the deep sea and overcome the fear of water and depths, ZNMD Style. Trust us, you’d be delighted at the sites underwater and it will keep you coming back for more. For aqua lovers, these best tourist places in India which feel no less than a paradise!

Best time to visit: November to mid-May
How to reach

  • By air: Vir Savarkar Airport in Port Blair is the archipelago’s major airport.
  • By sea: Ships ply between Haddo Wharf Port in Port Blair and cities of Chennai, Kolkata and Visakhapatnam.

Attractions: Cellular Jail National Memorial, Radhanagar Beach, Rajiv Gandhi Water Sports Complex in Port Blair, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Chidiya Tapu, and watersports like scuba diving, snorkeling, & parasailing

Water activities: Banana boat rides, snorkeling, parasailing, jet-skiing, undersea walking, speed boating, scuba diving, and sport fishing

Andaman Cruises: You can board a cruise to Andaman from Chennai, Vizag and Kolkata

Average Temperature: 24 degrees Celsius (Min.) and 37 degrees (Max.)

Beaches of Andaman: famous beaches include, Radhanagar beach, Corbyn’s Cove, Wandoor Beach and Merk Bay Beach

5. Leh-Ladakh – The Biker’s Paradise

Camp under the open sky in Ladakh

Source : Google photo

Undoubtedly, Leh – Ladakh is on every travel enthusiast’s list of famous tourist places to visit in India before they turn 30. Ride on the crazy winding roads, get stuck in the middle of nowhere, sleep with the locals, go trekking in Ladakh, and learn to be independent on the desert mountains as you undertake this adventurous journey in one of the best places in India.

Best time to visit: April to mid-May and mid-September to mid-October
How to reach

  • By air: Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport in Leh is the airport connecting the region to other places by air.
  • By rail: Jammu Tawi Railway Station (700 km from Ladakh) is the nearest railhead. From here, one can hire a cab or board a JKSRTC bus to Ladakh.
  • By road: The most popular means of reach Ladakh remains to be the road. Travelers can go on a bike/jeep ride to the destination. Bike trips from Delhi, Chandigarh, and Manali are the most popular.

Attractions: Zanskar Valley, Pangong Tso Lake, Khardung-La Pass, Spituk Gompa, and Hemis National Park

Rental bikes: You can rent a bike in Ladakh and it costs upto INR 2000 per day

Average temperature: 15 degree celsius (Min.) and 28 degree celsius (Max.)

Nearest Fuel stations: Nagbal, Ganderbal, Kargil and Khalsi are four fuel stations on the route of Srinagar Leh.

Accommodation: Stok Palace Heritage hotel and Shakti Himalaya are some of the accommodations you can stay at in Ladakh

Attractions: Nubra Valley, Khardung La, Shanti Stupa, Magnetic Hill, Pangong lake and leh palace are a must visit.

6. Binsar – Explore The Realms Of Wildlife

Trek in the jungle trails and spot the myriad wildlife of Binsar

Source : Google photo

Peace. Jungles. Heights. Chills. Wildlife. All you wildlife enthusiasts out there head to Binsar – one of the rising tourist destinations in India located in the heart of Kumaoni region of Almora for an incredible trip of your lifetime.

Best time to visit: October to November
How to reach

  • By air: There’s a domestic airport in Pantnagar, 152 km from Binsar.
  • By rail: Kathgodam Railway Station, 119 km from Binsar, is the nearest railway head.
  • By road: Buses connect the town with all major neighbouring areas.

Attractions: Zero Point, Pariyadeva Pashan, Mary Budden Estate, Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, Bineshwar Mahadev Temple, and more.

Wildlife: Barking deer, Himalayan bear, leopard, flying squirrel, chital and porcupine are some of the species of animals found here

Average Temperature: 19.8 degree celsius (Max.) and 6.5-degree celsius (Min.)

Places to eat: Baba cake and Dolma Restaurant are some of the places you can dine at in Binsar

Camping: there are many camping sites available in this area and you are required to book in advance as they’re full during peak seasons like the month of June and January

Jeep safari: There are many companies offering jeep safaris of Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary that you can book in advance and surely worth trying

7. Coorg – Walk Amidst The Coffee Plantations

Coorg is amongst the best places to visit in India

Source : Google photo

Coorg simply cannot be skipped from the list of best and safe places to visit in India. A quick getaway for many from Bangalore, this mesmerizing hill station in Karnataka is breathtakingly beautiful. It’s one of the top 10 places to visit in India and a visit here sure would heal you and energize you!

Best time to visit: October to March
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest domestic airport is in Mangalore, 156 km away. The nearest international airport is the Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru, 285 kilometres away.
  • By rail: Mysore Junction, 106 km away, is the nearest railhead.
  • By road: The 238 km long road trip from Bangalore (Bengaluru) takes 5 hours 30 minutes.

Attractions: Abbey Falls, Nalknad Palace, Barapole River, Brahmagiri Peak, Iruppu Falls, Namdroling Monastery, Nagarhole National Park, Microlight flight at Chelavara, ziplining, and angling in River Kaveri

Average Temperature: 29-degree celsius

Restaurants: Coorg cuisine, Raintree restaurant

8. Kerala – God’s Own Country

Allepey, Kerala, India

To all the nature lovers out there. A trip to God’s own country is a must in your twenties for its enchanting wilderness. Luscious green trees, pristine water, crazy wildlife experience – visit Kerala for more such wonderful delights.

Best time to visit: November to January and June to August
How to reach

  • By air: Kerala has three main airports – Calicut International Airport, Cochin International Airport, and Trivandrum International Airport. These airports connect Kerala with different cities across the world, such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Muscat, and Dubai.
  • By rail: Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station, Ernakulam Junction railway station, and Kollam Junction railway station are three major railheads of Kerala. These stations connect the state with cities and towns across India.

Attractions

  • Alappuzha Beach, Krishnapuram Palace, Kumarakom bird sanctuaryMarari Beach, Revi Karunakaran Museum, Punnamada Lake, Pathiramanal, and Sri Krishna Temple in Ambalappuzha
  • TATA Tea Museum, Meesapulimala, Blossom Park, Pothamedu ViewPoint, Attukal Waterfalls, Cheeyappara Waterfalls, Kundala Lake, Mattupetty Dam, Anamudi, and Eravikulam National Park
  • Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary, Kumarakom Backwaters, Aruvikkuzhi waterfall, Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple, Vembanad Lake, Kumarakom Beach, and Pathiramanal Island
  • Meenmutty Waterfalls, Chembra Peak, 9 Hairpin Curves, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Ekkadal Caves, Bathery Jain Temple, Neelimala View Point, and Pookot Lake
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Mangla Devi Temple, Abraham’s Spice Garden, Murikkady, Kadathanadan Kalari Centre, Chellarkovil, Kumily, and Deepa World Spice & Ayurvedic Garden
  • Lighthouse Beach, Samudra Beach, Thiruvallam Parasurama Temple, Vizhinjam Marine Aquarium, Halcyon Castle, Akkulam Lake, Jama Masjid, Vellayani Lake, Karamana River, and Rock Cut Caves
  • Bekal Fort, Ananthapura Temple, Valiyaparamba Backwaters, Bekal Beach, Mallikarjuna Temple, Chandragiri Fort, Kappil Beach, Nileswaram, Bekal Hole Aqua Park, and Pallikere Beach
  • Mananchira, Conolly Canal, Hilite Mall, Kallayi, Tali Temple, Kappad Beach, Kozhikode Beach, Thusharagiri Waterfalls, Sargaalaya, Payyoli Beach, Kozhippara Falls, and Matri Dei Cathedral
  • Varkala Beach, Janardhan Temple, Sivagiri Muth, Kappil Lake, Papanasam Beach, Janardan Swami Temple, Vishnu Temple, Anjengo Fort, Sarkara Devi Temple, Varkala Tunnel, and Kaduvayil Thangal Dargah

Average Temperature: 28-degree celsius

Restaurants: The Riceboat, Paragon restaurant

9. Kanatal – For The Best Camping Experiences

Kanatal

Source : Google photo

With this rising adventure spot that offers endless opportunities to enjoy thrilling activities clubbed with one of the best camping experiences, weekends will no more be boring at escapes like Kanatal. Considered to be one of the best holiday destinations in India for all travellers, camping in Kanatal is one experience that no one should miss out on.

Best time to visit: April to June
How to reach

  • By air: Located at a distance of 92 km, Jolly Grant Airport is the nearest airstrip to Kanatal.
  • By rail: Located at a distance of 75 km, Rishikesh railway station is the nearest railhead to Kanatal.

Attractions: Kodia Jungle, Tehri Lake, Surkanda Devi temple, New Tehri Dam, and more.

Average Temperature: 25-degree celsius

Restaurants: Brothers cafe and restaurant, Chacha Sip & Dine

10. Kasol – The Trekker’s Paradise

Solo traveler in Kasol

Source : Google photo

Here’s why every man should travel solo at least once in his life – Not only will you discover a new you and find a direction for yourself, but you’d return with experiences of a lifetime. And there’s no better place than Kasol, one of the most beautiful places in India.

Best time to visit: October to June
How to reach

  • By air: Bhuntar Domestic Airport (31 km away) is the nearest flight connection.
  • By rail: Pathankot (296 km away) is the nearest railhead.
  • By road: HRTC (Himachal Road Transport Corporation) runs regular buses from Delhi, Haryana, & Punjab and other Himachal cities like Pathankot, Shimla, Kangra, Solan, & Dharamsala.

Attractions: Kheerganga peak, Malana village, Parvati River, Manikaran Sahib Gurudwara, Jari, Bhuntar, and more.

Average Temperature: 16.8-degree celsius

Restaurants: The Evergreen, Moon Dance Cafe

11. Kutch – The Most Beautiful Stretch Of White Desert

Kite festival at Rann of Kutch

Source : Google photo

Kutch is a must-visit place in India before you turn 30. Travel to the no man’s land, the seasonal salt marsh amidst the famous Thar Desert during the kite festival where the sky comes alive with vibrant and oversized kites at one of the top 25 tourist places in India.

Best time to visit: November to February
How to reach

  • By air: Bhuj Airport, 69 km away, is the nearest air connection.
  • By rail: Bhuj Railway Station is 50 km away from Kutch.

Attractions: Prag Mahal, Kalo Dungar, Kutch Museum, Archaeological Museum, Mandvi Beach, White Desert, Aina Mahal, and more.

Average Temperature: 26.3-degree celsius

Restaurants: Noorani restaurant, Annapurna restaurant

12. Bir Billing – The Paragliding Hub Of India

Places to visit in India before you turn 30

Source : Google photo

Rising to fame post hosting the first-ever paragliding world cup, Bir Billing soon caught the attention of adventure enthusiasts across the country. Comprising of more than ten paragliding spots, Bir Billing is one of those top 10 places to visit in India that has truly lived up to its name of paragliding capital of India.

Best time to visit: April to June
How to reach

  • By air: Kangra airport in Gaggal happens to be the nearest airport located at a distance of about 67 kilometers from Bir.
  • By rail: Pathankot is the nearest railway station to Bir Billing located at a distance of about 140 kilometres.
  • By road: Located in the heart of Himachal, Bir Billing is accessible by road as many state-run and private buses run from the nearby cities of Delhi, Chandigarh, Manali, Shimla, and more.

Attractions: Baijnath Shiv Temple, Billing Valley, Chamunda Devi Temple, Shiva Shrine, Ahju Fort, and more.

Average Temperature: 16.8-degree celsius

Restaurants: Zenwich restaurant, Glider’s Pizzeria

13. Assam – Home Of One-Horned Rhinos

Dibru Saikhuwa National Park

Source : Google photo

Stay set to be overwhelmed by the sceneries, flora, and fauna of the Dibru Saikhowa National Park. And this wildlife expedition is not the same as any jeep safari. Instead, activities like jungle walks and boat rides are conducted during the months of November to April. Cruise along the Brahmaputra river to witness the animals in their most natural habitats. The surreal surroundings of this place make Assam one of the best tourist places in India.

Best time to visit: October to April
How to reach

  • By air: Mohanbari in Dibrugarh, 40 km away, is the nearest domestic airport. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Guwahati is 510 km away.
  • By rail: New Tinsukia Railway Station is 12 km away.

Attractions: Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Kamakhya Temple, Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra, Assam State Museum, and more.

Average Temperature: 23.2-degree celsius

Restaurants: Khorikaa, Paradise restaurant

14. Rishikesh – The Adventure Capital Of India

White water rafting in Rishikesh

Source : Google photo

With bursting energy and enthusiasm, the twenties is the best time to enjoy thrill and adventure, especially with your friends. Travel to the adventure capital of India, Rishikesh, and ride on the mystical but fierce fast-flowing waters of Ganges. Rishikesh is a must-visit place in India if you haven’t yet crossed the age bar.

Best time to visit: September to November and February to June
How to reach

  • By air: Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun, 20 km from Rishikesh, is the nearest air connection.
  • By rail: Haridwar Junction, 21 km from Rishikesh, is the nearest railhead.
  • By road: It is well-connected by road to major cities, including Haridwar (21 km away) and Delhi (229 km away).

Attractions: Rajaji National Park, Lakshman Jhula, Neelkanth Mahadev Temple, Parmarth Niketan, Ram Jhula, Shivpuri River Rafting Point, and more.

Average Temperature: 20-degree celsius

Restaurants: Bistro Nirvana, The Sitting Elephant

15. Shimla – The Queen Of Northern Hills

Colorful toy train making its way through the verdant valleys in Shimla

Source : Google photo

Revisit childhood by hopping on the colourful toy train from Kalka to Shimla as it makes way through the pine forests and verdant valleys. Experiencing this exceptionally elating toy train experience is a must for everyone on their trip to this best tourist place in India at least once in a lifetime.

Best time to visit: March to June
How to reach

  • By air: Located at a distance of 25 km, Jubbarhatti is the nearest airport from Shimla.
  • By rail: The toy train from Kalka to Shimla is the most convenient railway line that connects Shimla to other nearby towns.
  • By road: Many state-run and private buses run from the nearby cities of Delhi, Chandigarh, Manali, and Kullu that are well connected to Shimla via road.

Attractions: Kufri, Mall Road, Chadwick Falls, Jakhu Temple, Annandale, Christ Church, Scandal Point, and more.

Average Temperature: 22-degree celsius

Restaurants: Cafe Sol, 45 The Central

16. Tirthan Valley – The Adventure Hub Of Himachal

Tirthan Valley

Source : Google photo

Striking a perfect balance between peace and adventure, Tirthan Valley is one tourist place in India that has off-lately gained much popularity among travellers across the world. Located in the district of Kullu, Tirthan has something to offer to everyone.

Best time to visit: March to June and October to November
How to reach

  • By air: Bhuntar airport is the nearest airport to Tirthan Valley at a distance of about 48 km.
  • By rail: Ambala railway station happens to be the nearest railway station to Tirthan Valley at a distance of about 188 km.
  • By road: One can easily embark on a scenic road trip from the nearby states of Delhi, Punjab and Haryana till Tirthan Valley via a car or a bus.

Attractions: Great Himalayan National Park, Jalori Pass, Raghupur Fort, Saryolsar, Gushaini, Sojha, and more.

Average Temperature: 25-degree celsius

Restaurants: Sunshine Himalayan camp, Kaith Mud

17. Jim Corbett – An Adventurous Jungle Adventure

Bring on the adventure at Jim Corbett

Source : Google photo

One of the best national parks in India, Jim Corbett is famous for Indian tiger sightings. The wilderness here becomes hospitable with the luxurious jungle resorts that allow you to stay closer to nature while enjoying the best of comfort. If you’re a photography-enthusiast, Corbett will never leave you disappointed.

Best time to visit: The best time to visit Jim Corbett and experiencing the safari at its best depends on the kind of experience you’re looking for. Summer is considered the best time for tiger sighting. However, November to February is the best time to visit Jim Corbett.

How to reach:

  • By air: Pantnagar Airport is the nearest airport to Jim Corbett National Park
  • By rail: Ramnagar Railway station is located merely 12 km away from the national park
  • By road: The national park is well connected by roads to various destinations like Delhi and Dehradun.

Attractions: Garjiya Devi Temple, Jim Corbett Museum, Corbett Falls, Corbett Tiger Reserve, Ramganga Dam, and more.

Average Temperature: 27-degree celsius

Restaurants: Safari Cafe & Homestay, Doaba’s Punjabi Dhaba

18. Manali – The Snowy Paradise

Manali

Source : Google photo

The most famous resort town nestled amidst the snow-capped mountains, Manali is the popular gem in the heart of Himachal Pradesh. A mesmerizing combination of nature, peace, and adventure, Manali is one of the best holiday destinations in India for all travellers.

Best time to visit: October to February
How to reach

  • By air: Located at a distance of about 52 km, Kullu-Manali airport is the nearest airport to Manali.
  • By rail: Joginder Nagar is the nearest railway station to Manali located at a distance of about 160 km.
  • By road: Manali can be easily reached by road via private cabs, cars, and state-run or private buses from the nearby cities of New Delhi, Chandigarh, Pathankot, Ambala, and so on.

Attractions: Bhrigu Lake, Rohtang Pass, Solang Valley, Hidimba Devi Temple, Manu Temple, Great Himalayan National Park, Jogini Falls, and Tibetan Monastery.

Average Temperature: 15.1-degree celsius

Restaurants in Manali: Johnson’s cafe and hotel, Chopsticks restaurant

19. Udaipur – The Romantic City Of Lakes

Udaipur honeymoon

Source : Google photo

Udaipur is called the Venice of the East, but the different Rajasthani hues of the city surely make it stand out. The City of Lakes has to be on your list of best places to travel in India. Even though Udaipur boasts of having some of the most gracious luxury heritage hotels, it will embrace you with all the warmth even if you’re looking for budget stays. Boating, trekking, sightseeing are just some activities you may indulge during your visit to the city.

Best time to visit: September to March
How to reach:

  • By air: Udaipur has its own airport, which indeed is well connected to different parts of the country.
  • By rail: The city’s railway station is actually among the most well-connected railheads in the city
  • By road: One can easily find buses for reaching the city by road, from cities like Jaisalmer, Jaipur and Delhi.

Attractions: Lake Pichola, Jagdish Temple, City Palace, Jag Mandir, Gangaur Ghat, and Bagore ki Haweli

Average Temperature: 30-degree celsius

Restaurants in Udaipur: Khamma Ghani restaurant, Raaj Bagh restaurant

20. Auli – A Perfect Place For Ski Lovers

People usually visit Auli for skiing during winters

Source : Google photo

The Skiing Capital of India, Auli is one of the most beautiful places to travel in India even if you’re not into skiing. This is the land of beautiful sunsets, and captivating views of the Himalayas, which you will never have enough of! If you’re not visiting Auli in winters for skiing, step foot here any time during the year, and you’ll witness the charm of every season at its best at one of the best places in India.

Best time to visit: Auli Uttarakhand is best visited anytime during the year. However, since this destination is well-known for skiing, then it’s suggested you don’t miss Auli during the winter season (December to February).

How to reach:

  • By air: Jolly Grant Airport of Dehradun is the nearest airport from Jolly Grant Airport.
  • By rail: If you are planning to visit Auli by train, then deboard at Haridwar railway station which is the nearest railway head from Auli.
  • By road: For travellers coming via road, you can take buses heading towards Joshimath, as this place is well connected to many towns and cities of Uttarakhand. From here, you can easily get a taxi or bus for Auli.

Attractions: Kuari Pass Trek, Vishnuprayag, Kalpeshwar, Sri Hemkunt Sahib, Gorson Bugyal, Pangarchulla Peak, and more.

Average Temperature: 4.3-degree celsius

Restaurants: Indra lodge and Inderlok, Saradeswari restaurant

21. Mysore – Of Silk, Sandalwood, And Sweets

Mysore

Source : Google photo

Comprising a bit of the old and new, Mysore has risen from the status of a royal city (which it still is) to be a hardcore IT hub. Renowned across the world for its gorgeous silk sarees, do not forget to treat your sweet tooth to some mouthwatering Mysore Pak on your next trip.

Best time to visit: Throughout the year. However, October to March is the most pleasant to explore the city of Mysore.

How to reach

  • By air: Mysore city has its own domestic airport that is well connected to the metropolitan cities of New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, and Kolkata.
  • By rail: Travelers can deboard at the Mysore Railway Station which is located in the city centre.
  • By road: Mysore has very good road connectivity with the nearby cities of Bangalore, Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, and so on.

Attractions: Mysore Palace, Somnathpur, Brindavan Gardens, Mysore Zoo, Chamundeshwari Temple, Karanji Lake, St. Philomena’s Church, and GRS Fantasy Park.

Average Temperature: 25-degree celsius

Restaurants: Gufha restaurant, Oyster Bay

22. Valley Of Flowers – Rich In Flora And Fauna

Mist floats over the Valley of Flowers

Source : Google photo

Flowers in Uttarakhand is carpeted with over 300 flower species, making it among paradisiacal places to travel in India. This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located at an altitude of 3,858 meters above sea level. Today, this heavenly hideout is on the bucket list of avid travellers, and trekkers too; owing to its treacherous yet fascinating route. The Valley of Flowers trek is taken by both beginners and professionals and is awaited through the year.

Best time to visit: July to September
How to reach:

  • By air: Nearest Airport to Valley of Flowers is Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun This airport is connected to major cities like Delhi.
  • By rail: Haridwar Junction Railway Station is the nearest railway station from Valley of Flowers
  • By road: The Valley of Flowers if majorly accessed via roads and trekking routes. Govindghat on Badrinath Highway serves as a base camp for trekkers coming here.

Attractions: Govindghat, the National Park, Hemkund Sahib, Nanda Devi National Park, and Pushpawati River.

Average Temperature: 16 to 18 degree celsius

Restaurants: Bhavishay Kedar, Ghangaria, Hemkund Sahib

23. Jaisalmer – For The Best Desert Safari Ever

Another name among the tourist places in jaisalmer is Patwon ki haveli

Source : Google photomage

The Golden City of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer is surely one of the best cities to visit in India. This part of Rajasthan lies in the Thar Desert region, exhibiting the magic of velvet sand dunes meshed with the ever-colourful culture of the state. Jaisalmer is where you can spend your time indulging in exciting activities such as dune bashing, camel safari, and desert camping. Yes! Desert camping in Jaisalmer makes for an experiential stay, with all the luxury you could wish for.

Best time to visit: October to February
How to reach:

  • By air: Jodhpur Airport is the nearest airport from Jaisalmer. Cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Udaipur are connected to this airport.
  • By rail: Jaisalmer has its own railway station which is indeed connected widely across North India, with cities like Jaipur and Delhi.
  • By road: One can easily reach Jaisalmer by road via buses or cabs.

Attractions: Jaisalmer Fort, Bada Bagh, Folklore Museum, Sam Sand Dunes, and Desert Cultural Centre.

Average Temperature: 30-degree celsius

Restaurants in Jaisalmer:  Restaurant Romany, Milan restaurant, Cafe the Kaku

24. Jodhpur – Bleed Blue In The Royal City

Sunrise at Mehrangarh Fort

Source : Google photo

Jodhpur, or the Blue City of Rajasthan, will lure you with its massive hill fort called the Mehrangarh Fort. Right from this point, you get to behold the city’s landscape washed in blue. The interiors will transfer you back to the olden era. The cobbled pavements of this city exhibit the essence of Rajasthan in all its glory.

Best time to visit: October to February
How to reach:

  • By air: The city has its own domestic airport, which is connected to major cities like Udaipur, Delhi, Jaipur and Mumbai.
  • By rail: Jodhpur Railway Station indeed is among widely connection railheads in Rajasthan.
  • By road: Similar to airways and railways, roadways to are smooth and easily accessible in this city

Attractions: Umaid Bhavan Palace, Jaswant Thada, Mehrangarh Fort, Mandore Garden, and Balsamand Lake.

Average Temperature: 25-degree celsius

Restaurants in Jodhpur: Indique restaurant, Kalinga restaurant

25. Prashar Lake – For An Offbeat Experience

Prashar Lake

Source : Google photo

Located at a distance of about 49 kilometers towards the north of Mandi district, Prashar Lake is one of the rising trekking hotspots in Himachal Pradesh. Offering scintillating views of the Dhauladhar range, it is indeed one of the beautiful places in India.

Best time to visit: April to July and September to November
How to reach

  • By air: Kullu Manali airport is the nearest airstrip which is 73 km away from Mandi which further happens to be the closest city to Prashar Lake located at a distance of about 49 km.
  • By rail: Joginder Nagar is the nearest railway station to Mandi which is set at a distance of about 50 kilometers, and then one can take a cab from there and trek to Prashar Lake.

Attractions: Mandi, Prashar Lake Trek, Three-tiered temple, Bhutnath Temple, and Barot.

Average Temperature: 20 to 25-degree celsius

Restaurants: Wazir Thakur restaurant

26. Mukteshwar – The Lesser Known Gem Of Uttarakhand

Mukteshwar

Source : Google photo

A quaint little town in the state of Uttarakhand, Mukteshwar is one of the famous tourist places in India that is a must-visit destination for all. Other than the lush meadows and dense forests, Mukteshwar is quite popular among adventure enthusiasts for outdoor sports such as rappelling, rock climbing, and more, making it one of the best places in India for adventure seekers. Also, this is one of the new tourist places in India.

Best time to visit: October to June
How to reach

  • By air: Dehradun airport is the nearest airstrip located at a distance of 183 km from Mukteshwar.
  • By rail: Kathgodam railway station is the nearest railhead located at a distance of just 70 km away.
  • By road: One can also reach the Mukteshwar easily by road from the neighboring cities of Delhi, Chandigarh, Shimla, and Manali.

Attractions: Mukteshwar Temple, Sitla, Chauthi Jaali, Admire Nanda Devi, and Mukteshwar Inspection Bungalow.

Average Temperature: 16-degree celsius

Restaurants: Alankar restaurant, Chirping tales cafe

27. Dhanaulti – Explore The Most Beautiful Alpine Forests

Dhanaulti

Image Source

Located at an elevation of about 2200 meters with Mussourie and Chamba as its bordering cities, Dhanaulti has off-lately emerged as one of the most offbeat destinations in India. For those who like to experience life at their own pace be it fast or slow, this is the perfect place to be.

Best time to visit: September to June
How to reach

  • By air: Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun is the nearest airstrip to Dhanaulti located just 82 km away.
  • By rail: The Dehradun railway station is the nearest railhead located just 25 kms away from Dhanaulti.
  • By road: One can also reach the town of Dhanaulti easily via road from the nearby cities of Shimla, Delhi, Shimla, Chandigarh, and Manali.

Attractions: The Eco Park, Thangdhar Camp, Surkanda Devi Temple, and Potato Farm.

Average Temperature: 20-degree celsius

Restaurants: Hill view restaurant, Snowlake restaurant

28. Varanasi – The Spiritual Capital Of India

Explore the ghats of river Ganga in Banaras

Image Source

Varanasi may not be on the list of places to visit in India before you turn 30, but the beautiful ghats, the aartis, and prayers, a boat ride along the calm banks could change this picture forever.

Best time to visit: October to February
How to reach

  • By air: Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport of Varanasi is well-connected to Delhi and Mumbai.
  • By rail: Kashi Railway Station and Varanasi Junction are the two major railheads of the city.
  • By road: State-run and private buses regularly ply between Varanasi and the nearby cities.

Attractions: Assi Ghat, Dashashwamedh Ghat, Manmandir Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat, Kashi Vishwanath Temple, and Durga Temple

Average Temperature: 30-degree celsius

Restaurants in Varanasi: Canton Royale Restaurant, Varanasi cafe & restaurant

29. Mumbai – The City That Never Sleeps

Stay overnight at Marina Drive in Mumbai

The city that lets you live a carefree life and the one that never sleeps. Mumbai is about its people, the spirit of enjoying the nightclubs and of course Bollywood. Live like a Mumbaikar, bite into the vada pav and sip a chai on your way to the locals.

Best time to visit: November to February
How to reach

  • By air: Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport lies 30 km north of the city. Santa Cruz Domestic Airport lies 26 km north of the city.
  • By rail: Trains from Central, East, and West India arrive at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (erstwhile VT). Trains from the North arrive at Bombay Central Station.
  • By road: Most of the inter-Maharashtra buses arrive at Mumbai Central Bus Station. But the ones from Pune and Nasik arrive at the ASIAD bus stand near Dadar railway station.

Attractions: Gateway of India, Haji Ali Dargah, Elephanta Caves & island, Siddhivinayak Temple, Essel World, Kanheri Caves, Rajabai Clock Tower, Kamala Nehru Park, Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Nehru Planetarium, Worli Fort, and Marine Drive

Average Temperature: 25-degree celsius

Restaurants: The table, Khyber restaurant, Yauatcha restaurant

30. Kolkata – A City Of Charm, Culture & Creative Minds

Color yourself red in Kolkata

Image Source
The only time when the entire city gathers together to celebrate the much-lauded and divine festival of Durga Puja is the time when one gets to experience the culture of Bengal in its true form. Enjoy the festival with sweets, Bengali delicacies, themed pandal hoppings, and grand aartis.

Best time to visit: November to February
How to reach

  • By air: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is situated at Dumdum, 15 km from the main city.
  • By rail: Howrah and Sealdah are the two main railway junctions in Kolkata that connect the city to several major cities in the country.

Attractions: Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Indian Museum, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium, Kalighat Kali Temple, Birla Industrial & Technological Museum, Birla Planetarium, and St. Paul’s Cathedral

Average Temperature: 25-degree celsius

Restaurants: India restaurant, Arsalan restaurant

31. Delhi – A Place That Everyone Calls Home

Live qawwali session at Hazrat Nizamuddin’s Dargah

Source : Google photo

Enjoy your gateway to the city of Ghalib, Dilli. While you’re still young, explore the cultures of your magnificent country in the heart of its capital. From the architectural marvels from the time of Mughal Dynasty, to the iconic Rashtrapati Bhavan which is the seat of President of India, Delhi is filled with some of the most beautiful places in India. A stop at Hazrat Nizamuddin’s Dargah for a live Qawwali session will leave you mesmerized.

Best time to visit: October to March
How to reach

  • By air: Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International airport is very well connected to cities across India and the world.
  • By rail: Delhi has an extensive railway network with major railway stations like New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station, Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, Sarai Rohila, and Old Sabzi Mandi
  • By road: Delhi is well connected by bus to cities like Jaipur, Agra, Alwar, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Shimla, Manali, Dharamsala, Dehradun, and even Kathmandu. Commuters can get buses from Interstate Bus Terminals at Kashmiri Gate, Anand Vihar, & Sarai Kale Khan, and other spots like Majnu ka Tila & Bikaner House.

Attractions: The Red Fort, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, Lotus Temple, Akshardham, Rashtrapati Bhavan, and Humayun’s Tomb.

Average Temperature: 25 to 34-degree celsius

32. Meghalaya – An Abode Of Clouds

Tourists exploring cave in Meghalaya

Source : Google photo

Much famed as the Scotland of the East, Meghalaya is one of the refreshing holiday destinations in India. Comprising reviving greens and mighty mountains, Meghalaya is a must to be explored once in a lifetime. Also, if you aren’t afraid of heights, insects, darkness and tight spaces, caving would prove to be a great adventure in Meghalaya for you! And if you are, what a better time to beat your fears in the deepest and longest caves of entire South Asia? What if you return as the next Bruce Wayne, err?

Best time to visit: March to July
How to reach

  • By air: Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Guwahati in Assam (118 km from Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya) is the nearest international airport. Umroi Airport at Umroi, 30 km from Shillong, is the nearest domestic airport.
  • By rail: Mendipathar railway station is located in Resubelpara Municipal Board Jurisdiction of Meghalaya at a distance of 225 km from Shillong. However, the Guwahati Junction in Assam is the nearest railhead with good connectivity to other cities of India.

Attractions: Umiam Lake, Nohkalikai Falls, Elephant Falls, Seven Sisters Falls, Shillong View Point, Spread Eagle Falls, Wah Umngot River, Nohwet Living Root Bridge, Kynrem falls, Khasi Hills, Khoh Ramhah or Motrop (Giant conical rock), and Garo Hills

Average Temperature: 17.1-degree celsius

33. Sikkim – Home Of Ancient Buddhist Monasteries

Volunteer with the monks in Sikkim

Source : Google photo

Life is not all about exploring the world. Feel the mystical essence of Buddhism around you, visit places in Sikkim and its host of monasteries. And if you happen to like them, maybe, volunteer with the monks and master the art of giving at one of the best places in India!

Best time to visit: March to June and September to December
How to reach

  • By air: Bagdogra Airport in West Bengal (124 km from Gangtok) is the nearest airport. A 20 minutes’ helicopter ride from Bagdogra will take you further on to Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim.
  • By rail: New Jalpaiguri Railway Station in Siliguri (148 km from Gangtok) is the nearest railhead.
  • By road: The cities of Sikkim are well-connected to Darjeeling (West Bengal) by good quality roads.

Attractions: Nathu La, Hanuman Tok, Rumtek Monastery, Khecheopalri Lake, Tsomgo Lake, Phodong Monastery, & Teesta River in Gangtok, Yumthang Valley, Buddha Park of Ravangla, Kanchenjunga Falls, Lingdum Monastery, and Singshore Bridge

Average Temperature: 18-degree celsius

34. Taj Mahal in Agra

Symbol of Love - Taj Mahal in Agra

Source : Google photo

Tourists across the world visit India just to witness the spectacular symbol of love. The majestic monument has to be on your bucket list for it’s the cultural epitome of India.

Best time to visit: April to October
How to reach

  • By air: Kheria airport, 13 km away from Agra, is a seasonal commercial airport and is connected only by Air India flights from New Delhi.
  • By rail: Agra Cantt Station (the main station), Agra Fort Railway Station, Raja ki Mandi, Agra City, and Idgah Railway Station are well-connected by a network of trains to cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior, Jhansi, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai.
  • By road: Agra has two major interstate bus terminals called Idgah Bus Stand and ISBT that connect it to cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior, Lucknow, & Kanpur.

Attractions: Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah, Mehtab Bagh, Jama Masjid, Guru ka Tal, Tomb of Akbar the Great, Chini Ka Rauza, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri, Dilli Gate, Great gate (Darwaza i rauza), Amar Singh Gate, Kaanch Mahal, and Sikandra

Average Temperature: 24 to 34-degree celsius

35. Cherrapunji – The Land Of Living Root Bridges

Root bridges in Cherrapunji

Source : Google photo

Cherrapunji is a great sight for those who want to experience something surreal and out of the blue. Much famed for being the land of many waterfalls, the living root bridges are something that will leave you awestruck for sure.

Best time to visit: November to May
How to reach

  • By air: Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati (163 km away) is the nearest air connect.
  • By rail: Guwahati is the nearest railhead to Cherrapunji.

Attractions: Nohkalikai Falls, Daiñthlen Falls, Thangkharang Park, Kynrem Falls, Mawsmai Cave, Seven Sisters Falls, and more.

Average Temperature: 17 to 24-degree celsius

36. Dalhousie – Witness The Victorian Architecture

Dalhousie

Source : Google photo

Other than the refreshing greens, magnificent views of the mountains, gushing rivers, and the mesmerizing beauty of the nature, Dalhousie is also considered to be famous for its Victorian architecture. Once a summer capital of the British, Dalhousie is also one of the best holiday destinations in India.

Best time to visit: March to June
How to reach

  • By air: Pathankot is the nearest airport to Dalhousie which is just 85 km away.
  • By rail: Pathankot also happens to be the nearest railhead to Dalhousie which again is just 85 km away.
  • By road: Dalhousie is well-connected to the neighbouring cities via road and many state-run and private buses and cabs have good connectivity to this hill station.

Attractions: Panch Pulla, Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary, Satdhara Falls, Daikund Peak, Subhash Baoli, St. John’s Church, and Chamunda Devi Temple.

Average Temperature: 15-degree celsius

37. Hampi – Where The Ancient Ruins Come Alive

Travel to Hampi for the majestic architectural grandeur

Source : Google photo

Hampi’s world heritage site is amongst the must-visit tourist places in India. Known for its old monumental and architectural beauty, Hampi place will dispose of you to a world of aesthetics. PS: Don’t plan a trip to Hampi in summers.

Best time to visit: October to February
How to reach

  • By air: Hubli Airport (144 km away) and Belgaum Airport (215 km away) are two major domestic airports near Hampi.
  • By rail: Hospet Junction, the nearest railway station to Hampi, is about 13 km away.
  • By road: Hampi is one of the weekend getaways from Bangalore and is well connected to Hospet, Hassan, Mysore, and other nearby cities by road.

Attractions: Virupaksha Temple, Vijaya Vittala Temple, Matanga Hill, Hemakuta Hill Temple, Hazara Rama Temple, and Achyutaraya Temple.

Average Temperature: 27.3-degree celsius

38. Jabalpur – Watch The Mighty Dhuandhar Falls Cascading

Witness the frothing white Dhuandhar Falls in Jabalpur

Source : Google photo

Jabalpur may not be on your list of best tourist places to see in India before you turn 30, but a trip to these stunning white waterfalls which emanate a mist of smoke will leave you spellbound.

Best time to visit: August to March
How to reach

  • By air: Dumna domestic airport in Jabalpur is the nearest airport.
  • By rail: Jabalpur Junction is the nearest railway head.

Attractions: Dhuandhar Falls, Marble Rocks, Rani Durgavati Museum, Madan Mahal, Dumna Nature Reserve Park, and Bhawartal Garden.

Average Temperature: 23 to 31-degree celsius

39. Mathura – The Birth Place Of Lord Krishna

Holi Celebrations in Vrindavan

Source : Google photo

Allow your spirit to soak in the raas-leela of Vrindavan. The place that celebrates Krishna’s living philosophy. The festival is ecstatic, to say the least and celebration of colours here would the best you’d experience ever in your life.

Best time to visit: November to March
How to reach

  • By air: Kheria airport in Agra, located at a distance of 49 km from Mathura, is the nearest air connect.
  • By rail: Mathura has its own railway station.
  • By road: Mathura is well-connected to Agra (49 km away), Delhi (182 km away), Vrindavan (14 km away), and other cities of North India.

Attractions: Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi, Prem Mandir Vrindavan, Government Museum, Krishna Balaram Mandir, Vishram Ghat, Kans Quila, and Jama Mosque.

Average Temperature34.7 degree celsius

40. Hyderabad – Relish The Real Taste Of The Nizam’s Culture

Hyderabad

Source : Google photo

Hyderabad is to India what New York is to USA. Owing much of its popularity to the royal culture of Nizams, fast-paced lifestyle, buzzing cafes, and growing population, Hyderabad is one of the best places to visit where travellers can look forward to having a great time.

Best time to visit: September to March
How to reach

  • By air: Hyderabad has its own Rajiv Gandhi International Airport which is located at a distance of 22 kms from the city centre.
  • By rail: The city of Nizams also has a well-connected railway network which connected Hyderabad to all the major cities in the country.
  • By road: Many state-run and private buses run from nearby cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, and Chennai to Hyderabad on daily basis.

Attractions: Charminar, Golconda, Ramoji Film City, Chowmahalla Palace, Salar Jung Museum, Makkah Masjid, and Purani Haveli.

Average Temperature: 22 to 31 degree celsius

41. Amritsar – A Blend Of Culture, Food, & Religious Sites

Golden Temple in Amritsar

Source : Google photo

Before you turn 30, it is a must-visit this spiritual and historical getaway that promises the nourishment of the soul. Spend some time revisiting the significant history of Amritsar while making sure that you do not miss out on visiting the famous Golden Temple as well. The experience is simply worth it.

Best time to visit: November to February
How to reach

  • By air: Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar is well-connected to other cities.
  • By rail: Amritsar Junction Railway Station has an extensive network of trains.

Attractions: Golden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh, Durgiana Temple, Akal Takht, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Partition Museum, and Central Sikh Museum.
Average Temperature: 23.3-degree celsius

42. Orissa – The Land Of Temples

Konark Temple in Orissa

Source : Google photo

Travel to the historical land which serves as a home to many age-old Hindu temples. Situated by the sea, Konark Temple in Orissa is one of the famous temples that tells you many interesting stories about the origin of human sexuality. Also, for those who have enough time, beautiful highways in Orissa lead to some exceptionally picturesque attractions that are yet to be explored.

Best time to visit: September to March
How to reach

  • By air: Bhubaneswar airport, 62 km from Konark, is connected by frequent flights to numerous major cities India including Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, and Hyderabad.
  • By rail: Puri Railway Station, 36 km away, is connected to all major cities.

Attractions: Konark Sun Temple, Chilika Lake, Nandankanan Zoological Park, Puri Beach, Simlipal National Park, and Lingaraja Temple.

Average Temperature: 27.4-degree celsius

43. Mahabalipuram – An Epitome Of Art & Architecture

Mahabalipuram

Source : Google photo

A quaint little town that lies on a stretch of land between the Great Salt Lake, and the Bay of Bengal, Mahabalipuram is also much famed as Mamallapuram by the locals. Famous for the monuments and temples that date back to the 7th century, Mahabalipuram is a living witness to the great works of the Pallava dynasty.

Best time to visit: November to February
How to reach

  • By air: Chennai airport is the nearest airport to Mahabalipuram at a distance of about 40 km.
  • By rail: Egmore railway station is the nearest railhead to Mahabalipuram at a distance of just 55 km.
  • By road: Mahabalipuram is well connected to the nearby cities of Chennai, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Trichy, and Madurai via roadways.

Attractions: Mahabalipuram Beach, Shore Temple, Five Rathas, Arjuna’s Penance, Alamparai Fort, Tiger’s Caves, Sadras, and the Crocodile Bank.
Average Temperature: 28.4-degree celsius

44. Visakhapatnam – Revisit One Of The Best Beaches In India

Visakhapatnam

Source : Google photo

From the famous beaches like that of Ramakrishna, Rushikonda, and Yarada beach to the thrilling cable car ride that takes the travelers atop the picturesque Kailasagiri Hill, there’s a lot more to the hidden gem of Visakhapatnam than what meets the eyes. Exhibiting a range of attractions like that of pristine beaches, hill stations, conserved submarine, temples, museums, caves, and wildlife sanctuaries, Visakhapatnam is undoubtedly one beautiful places in India to watch out for in future.

Best time to visit: September to March
How to reach

  • By air: The city has its own Visakhapatnam International Airport that is well connected to major cities in India.
  • By rail: Visakhapatnam is well connected to the cities of Hyderabad, New Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata by a good network of railway.
  • One can board regular buses that run from the neighbouring cities of Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Tirupati, Chennai, and Bhubaneswar.

Attractions: Kailasagiri Hill Park, INS Kursura in Submarine Museum, Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakha Museum, Ramakrishna Mission Beach, Rushikonda Beach, Varaha Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yarada Beach, Tenneti Park, Ross Hill, and Lawsons Bay Beach Park.
Average Temperature: 27.8 degree celsius

45. Ooty – Meet The Queen Of The Nilgiri Mountains

Ooty

Source : Google photo

Much famed as Udhagamandalam amongst the locals, Ooty is one of the most popular and frequented holiday destinations in India. Home to mighty rock mountains, the thrilling Nilgiri Mountain Railway, refreshing gardens, and dangerous hair-pin bends, Ooty never fails to charm the travelers with its magic.

Best time to visit: March to June
How to reach

  • By air: Coimbatore International Airport is the nearest airport to Ooty located at a distance of just 88 km.
  • By rail: Coimbatore Junction is also the nearest railhead to Coimbatore at a distance of just 88 km.
  • By road: Ooty has regular bus services from the nearby cities and towns of Coonoor, Mettupalayam, Coimbatore, Trichy, and Chennai.

Attractions: Ooty Botanical Garden, Rose Garden, Ooty Lake, Ride the toy train, Doddabetta Peak, Dolphin’s Nose, Thread Garden, Kalhatti Falls, Emerald Lake, and Kamaraj Sagar Dam.
Average Temperature: 14.4-degree celsius

46. Kodaikanal – The Princess Of Southern Hill Stations

Kodaikanal

Source : Google photo

Literally translating into “the gift of the forests”, Kodaikanal is one of the richest blessings of nature that the state of Tamil Nadu has received. Lush forests encircled by the hills, and filled with cascading waterfalls and pillar formations, Kodaikanal is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in India before you die.

Best time to visit: September to May
How to reach

  • By air: Located at a distance of about 120 km, Madurai airport is the nearest airstrip to Kodaikanal.
  • By rail: The railway station of Kodai Road is the nearest railhead to Kodaikanal at a distance of 100 km.
  • By road: Kodaikanal has frequent bus services from the nearby cities Ooty, Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy, Bangalore, Chennai, and Kochi.

Attractions: Pillars Rocks, Kodai Lake, Coakers Walk, Green Valley View, Bear Shola Falls, Devil’s Kitchen, Dolphin’s Nose, Bryant Park, and Berijam Lake.
Average Temperature: 16.3-degree celsius

47. Pondicherry – The Quaint Little French Beach Town

Pondicherry

Source : Google photo

Much famed to be the French Riviera of the East, Pondicherry or Puducherry happens to be one of the famous tourist places in India for those who are looking forward to a laid-back beach vacation. Witness the beautiful culture of this quaint little French town and savouring the delicious seafood is a must when in Pondy.

Best time to visit: October to March
How to reach

  • By air: Chennai airport is the nearest airport to Pondicherry which is located at a distance of 125 km when travelled via the East Coast Road (ECR).
  • By rail: Villupuram Railway Junction is the closest railhead to Pondicherry located at a distance of just 37 km.
  • By road: Pondicherry is the most accessible via the ECR road from the neighbouring cities of Chennai, Coimbatore, Bangalore, Madurai, Trichy, and Egmore.

Attractions: The Seaside Promenade, Paradise Beach, Auroville Ashram, Chunnambar Boat House, Basilica of Sacred Heart of Jesus, and Sri Manakula Vinayagar Temple.
Average Temperature: 28.3-degree celsius

48. Mahabaleshwar – Relish The Best Of Western Ghats

Mahabaleshwar

Source : Google photo

Considered to be one of the most picturesque tourist destinations in India, Mahabaleshwar is one of the refreshing retreats that Western Ghats has to offer to the travellers. From the cascading waterfalls to the lush green ghats, your visit to Mahabaleshwar will be wrapped in mist and guided by the clouds.

Best time to visit: October to June
How to reach

  • By air: New Pune International Airport is the nearest airport to Mahabaleshwar located at a distance of just 136 km.
  • By rail: Wathar is the nearest railway station located to Mahabaleshwar at a distance of about 60 km.
  • By road: There are regular buses that run from the common places in Mumbai like that of Vashi, Dadar East, and Sion till Mahabaleshwar.

Attractions: Elephant’s Head Point, Chinaman’s Fall, Dhobi Waterfalls, Arthur’s seat, Panchgani, Venna Lake, Mahabaleshwar Temple, and Wilson Point.
Average Temperature: 24.4-degree celsius

49. Darjeeling – Home Of The Thrilling Himalayan Railway

Darjeeling

Source : Google photo

Considered to be the most frequented tourist destinations in India, Darjeeling is a common name in the houses of those who love chai more than anything else. Renowned across the world for its varieties of tea, Darjeeling effortlessly charms everyone with its refreshing greens and soothing blues.

Best time to visit: February to March and September to December
How to reach

  • By air: Bagdogra Airport is the nearest airport to Darjeeling which is 38 km away.
  • By rail: New Jalpaiguri is the nearest railhead to Darjeeling at a distance of just 62 km.
  • By road: One can board one of the regular buses that run from Siliguri to Darjeeling on daily basis. However, there are many buses that frequently travel to Darjeeling from nearby cities of Kurseong, Kalimpong, and more.

Attractions: Tiger Hill, Batasia Loop, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, The Japanese Peace Pagoda, the Rock Garden, Nightingale Park, and Sandakphu Peak.
Average Temperature: 17.8-degree celsius.

50. Ziro – An Escape For The Peace Seekers

Ziro Valley

Source : Google photo

Silent, serene, and splendid is what Ziro is synonymous with. Though this picturesque town is popular across the world for its famous Ziro Festival, most of the destination still remains unexplored to a large extent. From the rice fields to the misty mountains, Ziro is indeed one of the must-visit Indian tourist places.

Best time to visit: Throughout the year.

How to reach

  • By air: Jorhat Airport is the nearest airport to Ziro which is located at a distance of about 98 km.
  • By rail: Naharlagun is the nearest railway station to Ziro which is located at a distance of about 100 km.
  • By road: The best option by road is to hire a cab or taxi from Jorhat or Guwahati. The journey takes about 7 hours to reach Ziro from there. However, one can also board the state-run buses from the capital city of Itanagar.

Attractions: Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, Kile Pakho, Tarin Fish Farm, Shiv Linga, Pine Grove, Meghna Cave Temple, and Dolo Mando.
Average Temperature: 16.8-degree celsius

51. Khajjiar – India’s Mini Switzerland

Khajjiar Valley

Source : Google photo

Khajjiar is a small hill town in Himachal Pradesh which is blessed with an abundance of scenic beauty. Situated at an altitude of 6,500 feet, this place features vast dense forests, lakes and wide pasture lands. The town is known for the picturesque Khajjiar Lake, which is surrounded by forests of cedar trees. Another popular pilgrimage and tourist spot in Khajjiar is the Khajji Nag Temple, a 12th-century shrine that worships a serpent deity. There are some really interesting adventure activities including paragliding, zorbing and horse-riding that you can enjoy in Khajjiar.

Best time to visit: Throughout the year, especially summer (April-June). January and February may see heavy rainfall and snowfall.
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport is Gaggal airport (120 km) in Dharamshala
  • By rail: Pathankot (118 km) is the nearest railway station and can be reached via trains from Delhi, Chandigarh and Bhatinda. Taxis are available from the station to Khajjiar.
  • By road: Khajjiar is easily accessible by road, from the major towns of Himachal Pradesh

Attractions: Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary, Lord Shiva Statue, Golden Devi Temple, HP State Handicrafts Center
Average Temperature: 15.3-degree celsius

52. Mount Abu – Rajasthan’s Only Hill station

Mount Abu lake

Source : Google photo

Mount Abu is the only hill station in Rajasthan. This climate here is cool due to its location on the Aravali Range. In fact, the highest peak of the Aravallis fall within Mount Abu. The hill station rests on a plateau surrounded by lush green forest and offers great views of the plains below. There are many specific viewpoints including Honeymoon Point and Sunset Point, to enjoy these picturesque sights. Nakki Lake is a popular spot to enjoy boating in Mount Abu.

Best time to visit: July – February
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport is in Udaipur (185 km) and but the Ahmedabad airport (221 km) has higher connectivity.
  • By rail: The nearest railway station is Abu Road, which is well connected to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Ahmedabad
  • By road:The nearest NH to Mount Abu is NH14 and is well connected with major cities of India.

Attractions: Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary, Nakki Lake, Dilwara Temple, Toad Rock, Guru Shikhar, Achalgarh Village, Guru Shikhar
Average Temperature: 20.9-degree celsius

53. Nainital – The City Of Lakes

Naini Lake

Source : Google photo

Located at an elevation of 2,000m, Nainital is a resort town in the Kumaon Hills of Uttarakhand. The place gets its name from a lake called ‘Naini Lake’ around which the whole town is established. The lake is popular for boating scenes and has an ancient Devi Hindu Temple on its northern shore. Nainital has a pleasant climate throughout the year. Surrounded by many snow-capped hills and having a number of lakes in its boundary, there are a plethora of beautiful sights that you can enjoy here.

Best time to visit: March to June
How to reach

  • By air: Pantnagar Airport (72 km) is the nearest airport to Nainital.
  • By rail: The nearest railway station is Kathgodham Railway Station (34 km), connecting Nainital to Delhi, Dehradun, Lucknow, Kolkata and Agra. You can hire a taxi from the station.
  • By road:Nainital is well connected to several big and small cities through road and overnight bus services are available

Attractions: Naina Peak, Tiffin Top, Snow View Point, Sariyatal Lake, Bhimtal Lake, Khurpatal Lake, Eco Cave Gardens, The Mall Road
Average Temperature: 13.0 degree Celsius.

54. Lakshadweep – A Tropical Island

Lakshadweep island

Source : Google photo

The Indian islands, Lakshadweep is an archipelago (group) of 36 islands which consists of 12 atolls, 3 reefs and 5 submerged banks. This is one of the most popular tropical island destinations and the smallest Union Territory in India. Only some islands of this archipelago are inhabited and just a few are open to the visitors. But the pristine beaches, azure waters, beach resorts and water adventure sports make Lakshadweep a travel-must. Kavaratti is one of the most developed islands and is popular for beautifully decorated mosques.

Best time to visit: September to May
How to reach

  • By air: The Cochin International Airport connects Lakshadweep to the mainland
  • By sea: There are 7 passenger-ship services available from Cochin to Lakshadweep

Attractions: Minicoy Island, Agatti Islands, Bangaram Island, Kalpeni Islands
Average Temperature: 22 degrees to 33-degree celsius.

55. Chopta – A Small Green Paradise

Chopta Valley

Source : Google photo

Chopta is a small but significant region in Uttarakhand. The place is covered with alpine and grassy meadows and forests making this a peaceful getaway into the laps of nature. The Chopta Valley is surrounded by many mighty mountain peaks that create a breathtaking backdrop. A part of the Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, Chopta is also a base for trekking to Tungnath, one of the Panch Kedar. The best way to explore this place is through trekking and visiting the local tourist spots on the way.

Best time to visit: March to June
How to reach

  • By air: Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun (97 km) is the nearest airport
  • By rail: Rishikesh railway station (100 km) is the nearest railway head. From there you can take a minibus or cab to Chopta
  • By road: Chopta can be reached by taking the NH58

Attractions: Tungnath Temple, Deori Tal, Kanchula Korak Musk Deer Sanctuary, Ukhimath
Average Temperature: Night temperature will go around 3 degree celsius and the day temperature is around 15 degrees

56. Spiti – A Desert Hill Station

Spiti Valley

Source : Google photo

Located at an altitude of 12,500 feet above the sea level, Spiti Valley is one of the most sought after travel destinations in Himachal Pradesh. ‘Spiti’ means ‘the middle land’. The region is characterized by winding roads, wide valleys, arid deserts and snow-capped mountains. The clear and open sky in Spiti will leave you spellbound while you stargaze in the night. The valley has some of the oldest monasteries that you that add to the charm of this mystic region. Spiti is also a trekking hotspot popular among the adventure enthusiasts.

Best time to visit: Mid May to Mid October
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport to Spiti Valley is in Bhuntar (245 km) near Kullu.
  • By rail: The nearest broad gauge railway station with good connectivity is in Chandigarh.
  • By road: There are direct buses available from Chandigarh, Shimla, Kullu Manali and few other parts of North India.

Attractions: Chandratal Lake, Key Monastery, Kunzum Pass, Pin Valley National Park, Suraj Tal Lake, Dhankar Monastery, Tabo Monastery
Average Temperature: The range is between 10 degrees to 30-degree celsius.

57. Sonamarg – Blooming Valleys

Sonamarg Velley

Source Google photo

Sonamarg is a serene hill town in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir. The sight of snow-capped mountains, blooming-fields lush green valleys and pristine lakes is simply mesmerizing. The term ‘Sonamarg’ means ‘the land of gold’. Sonamark features a number of beautiful mountain lakes, including Gangabal and Satsar. Krishnasar is one of the most popular lakes and a hotspot for fishing. Sonmarg is also a historically significant places as it was a gateway to the ancient Silk Route.

Best time to visit: May to October
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport is in Srinagar (70 km)
  • By rail: The nearest railway station is Jammu Tawi Railway Station in Jammu
  • By road: You can either drive or board one of the regular buses that run from Jammu and Srinagar to Sonamarg

Attractions: Thajiwas Glacier, Zoji-La Pass, Vishansar Lake, Nilagrad River, Baltal Valley, Krishnasar Lake.
Average Temperature: 6.5 degree celsius

58. Almora – Horse-Shoe Shaped Town

Almora hill station

Source : Google photo

Almora is a hill town in Uttarakhand, shaped like a horse-shoe. The mighty Himalayan ranges and rare wildlife make this place every nature lovers dream destination. The two major rivers, Koshi and Suyal, flowing through this town add to the beauty of this place. In fact, the beauty and the pleasant climate of Almora had won the heart of Mahatma Gandhi too, who compared Almora with Europe. Rich in cultural heritage, the town is also famous for handicrafts and traditional cuisines.

Best time to visit: Throughout the year
How to reach

  • By air: Pantnagar (115 km) is the nearest airport.
  • By rail: Kathgodam is the nearest railway station
  • By road: Almora is well connected with major North Indian cities by road

Attractions: Zero Point, Jageshwar, Katarmal Sun Temple, Kasar Devi Temple, Chitai Temple, Deer Park, Dunagiri, Jalna, Bright End Corner.
Average Temperature: 23.5 degree celsius

59. Orchha – Hub Of Temples

Orchha Fort

Source ; Google photo

Located in the Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, Orchha is a town known for its grand historical structures including palaces, temples and forts. Set on the banks of Betwa river, the medieval architectural heritage of this place attracts tourists from around the world. Orchha is also popular for its frescos and classical murals paintings. There are many beautiful temples in this town. Chaturbhuj Temple is one of the most popular temple which was built by the queen of Orchha, Ganeshi Bai.

Best time to visit: July to March
How to reach

  • By air: Gwalior Airport (140 km) is the nearest airport
  • By rail: Jhansi railway station (18 km) is the nearest railway station.
  • By road: Jhansi (16 km) is the nearest bus stop. There is no direct connectivity by road to Orchha.

Attractions: Jahangir Mahal, Raja Mahal, Orchha Fort, Ram Raja Temple, Chattris, Chaturbhuj Temple, Phool Baag.
Average Temperature: 26.3-degree celsius

60. Gwalior – A Majestic Fort City

Gwalior Fort

Source : Google photo

Gwalior is a historic city in Madhya Pradesh founded by Surajesan. It is known for its grand forts, palaces, rock temples and statues that reflect the heritage of the city. The spectacular Gwalior Fort, built in the 8th century is a major attraction and gives a panoramic view of the entire city. Being the birthplace of the great Indian musician, Tansen, Gwalior also hosts a 4-day Tansen Musical Fest to celebrate various forms of classical music.

Best time to visit: July to March
How to reach

  • By air: Gwalior airport is a major airport in the region
  • By rail: Gwalior is well connected to major parts of the country through railways
  • By road: NH3, NH75 and NH92 are the national highways that connect Gwalior with other major cities of India.

Attractions: Gwalior Fort, Jai Vilas Palace, Gujari Mahal, Man Mandir Palace, Tomb of Tansen, Teli Ka Mandir, Saas Bahu Temple, Scindia Museum.
Average Temperature: 25.7-degree celcius

61. Gokarna – A Peaceful Goa

Gokarna Om Beach

Source : Google photo

Gokarna is a town on the Arabian Sea, located in Karnataka. It is a Hindu pilgrimage destination, with a number of sacred sites including the Mahabaleshwara Temple and Koti Teertha. Gokarna is often metaphorized as a ‘crowd-less Goa’. The places has many amazing beaches where you can spend some time relaxing in peace.

Best time to visit: Throughout the year
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport is Dabolim in Goa, from where you can take a taxi or train to Gokarna
  • By rail: The nearest railway station is the Gokarna Road (8 km from the main city)
  • By road: Gokarna is well-connected by road to other major cities of India.

Attractions: Om Beach, Mahabaleshwara Temple, Kudle Beach, Gokarna Beach, Yaana, Half Moon Beach, Koti Tirtha, Paradise Beach.
Average Temperature: 27.1-degree celsius

62. Pahalgam – Saffron Fields And More

Pahalgam golf course

Source : Google photo

A hill station in Jammu And Kashmir, Pahalgam is a nature’s paradise. Small houses, saffron farms, green fields, and lush valleys with the mighty Himalayan ranges forming the backdrop, Pahalgam is one of the most picturesque destinations of North India. The Overa Aru Wildlife Sanctuary located here is a habitat for many Himalayan species of fauna and flora including the musk deer and brown bears. There are many fast-flowing rivers in Pahalgam which makes it a perfect river rafting site too.

Best time to visit: Throughout the year
How to reach

  • By air: Nearest airport is Srinagar Airport (91.1 km)
  • By rail: You can reach Pahalgam by road through regular bus services, taxi or cab
  • By road: N/A

Attractions: Aru Valley, Betaab Valley, Lidder River, Kolahoi Glacier, Chandanwari, Mamleshwar Temple, Lolab Valley.
Average Temperature: Average high temperature is 20-degree Celsius and average low temperature is 10-degree celsius

63. Landsdowne – Heavenly Place

hill stations near delhi cover picture

Source : Google photo

Lansdowne, the quaint hillside of Uttarakhand is gradually becoming a popular tourist attraction, especially because of its old-world charm and lush green mountainscape decorated with deodar and pine groves. Dating back to 1895, St. Mary Church still flaunts that old world charm in its every corner and is considered one of the best places to visit in Lansdowne.

Best time to visit: April to June

How to reach

  • By air: Nearest airport from Lansdowne is Jolly Grant, located 150 km away. The airport is connected to Delhi via frequent flights.
  • By rail: For those wanting to reach Lansdowne by train, the nearest railway station from Lansdowne is Kotdwar, at a distance of 40 km. Kotdwar Station is well-connected to various cities and towns of North India.
  • By road: You can board a bus for Kotdwar or Dugadda from Kashmiri Gate.

Attractions: Tip N Top, Bhulla Lake, War Memorial, Tarkeshwar Mahadev Temple, Darwan Singh Museum.
Average Temperature: 15.6-degree celsius

64. Joshimath – Place Of Worship

Joshimath

Source : Google photo

Joshimath, in northern the tip of the Indian subcontinent on the Himalayas, is one of the major tourist attractions in Northern India. Joshimath is one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in the state of Uttarakhand, which attracts tourists who are always in pursuit of a peaceful vacation. While one can visit the hills throughout the year, the best time to visit Joshimath is during summers, as it offers excellent relief from the sizzling summer heat.

Best time to visit: April to June

How to reach

  • By air: Jolly Grant Airport lies at 270 km from Joshimath.
  • By rail: Rishikesh, which is the closest railway station, is around 250 km from Joshimath.
  • By road: If you are starting from Delhi, you should reach Rishikesh first. Rishikesh is also well connected via road to different parts of the nation.

Attractions: Ghangaria, Auli ropeway, Nanda Devi National Park, Tapovan, Narsingh Temple, Vishnuprayag river, Govindghat.
Average Temperature: 14.5-degree celsius

65. Tawang – Backpacking Trip

Things to do in Tawang

Source : Google photo

Tawang’s landscape is adorned with massive rocky yet green mountains, group of Buddhist monasteries, and ethnicity of Monpa hamlets. Its iconic 17th-century monastery has always been a boss at stealing hearts. The warm hospitality and pleasant weather are two primary reasons Tawang is counted among one of the best places to visit in India before you turn 30.

Best time to visit: April to June, September to October

How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport from Tawang is Salonibari Airport, at a distance of 315 km.
  • By rail: The nearest railhead is Tezpur Railway Station, 385 km away.
  • By road: Tawang is 1404 km away from Kolkata, a nearest major city from Tawang. Make sure you make sufficient stops enroute.

Attractions: Tawang Monastery, Nuranang Waterfall, Tawang War Memorial
Average Temperature: 10.0 degree  celsius

66. Manikaran – Hot Springs Favourite

entrance to manikaran

Source : Google photo

A pilgrimage centre for Hindus and Sikhs, Manikaran is most popular for its hot springs. With religious tourists pouring-in in large numbers, it has become quite crowded. Manikaran is located 90 km from Manali. Descend on this area of worship and seek the blessings of Gods. It is considered one of the best places to visit in India before you turn 30.

Best time to visit: April to June

How to reach

  • By air: Bhuntar airport is 24 km away from Manikaran.
  • By rail: The nearest railhead is Summer Hill Railway Station, 106 km away.
  • By road: The best way to reach Manikaran from Pathankot is to go on a bus to Bhuntar and then take a local bus.

Attractions: Grahan Street, Chalal Trek Trail, Gurudwara Shri Manikaran Sahib.
Average Temperature: 28.6-degree celsius

67. Shimoga – Karnataka’s Hidden Gem

The top view of valley in Agumbe in Shimoga

Source : Google photo

An offbeat and picturesque hill station, Shimoga is the true gem of Karnataka. Bestowed with verdant hills, valleys, thick forests, and wildlife, Shimoga speaks of nothing but surreal and scenic beauty. With a pleasant climate and mesmerizing sceneries, you will have the time of your life here. It is considered as one of the most offbeat places to visit in India before you turn 30.

Best time to visit: March to June

How to reach

  • By air: The nearest International Airport is Mangalore Airport, Mangalore, roughly 195 kms from Shimoga.
  • By rail: Shimoga has its own Railway Station named as Shimoga Nagar Railway station.
  • By road: Shimoga is well-connected to Bhadravathi, Kadur, Banavara, Tumkur, Bangalore and Goa. You can take the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation buses.

Attractions: Jog falls, Kodachadri, Dabbe falls, Agumbe, Gudavi bird sanctuary
Average Temperature:

68. Madikeri – Scenic Beauty

A beautiful shot of the Abbey waterfalls in Madikeri

Source : Google photo

Madikeri is one of the most visited hill stations in Karnataka. Encircled by the Western Ghats, it is known for its scenic beauty, misty hills, wildlife, local cuisines, and coffee plantations. Staying in the lap of nature is nothing less than stepping into heaven. You will have a blast here. We suggest you take this trip solo. You can also take this trip with friends or family, however.

Best time to visit: July to September

How to reach

  • By air: The town of Madikeri doesn’t have an airport of its own. The airport in Mangalore can be used to reach Madikeri.
  • By rail: The nearest railhead is Kannur, which is 113 km from Madikeri.
  • By road: To reach Madikeri from Mysore, you can take any government or private bus.

Attractions: Raja’s Seat, Madikeri Fort, Raja’s Tomb, Sree Kanchi Kamakshi Temple
Average Temperature: 23.0-degree celsius

69. Ranikhet – The Queen’s Meadow

Terrace farming in Ranikhet

Source : Google photo

A lovely cantonment hill-town in Uttarakhand, Ranikhet is also known as Queen’s Meadow. It is believed to be the resident of Queen Padmini of Kumaon. Revered shrines, a 9-hole golf course, rich orchards, and breathtaking nature in Ranikhet are the reasons why it is one of the best summer tourist places in India. It is considered as one of the most offbeat places to visit in India before you turn 30.

Best time to visit: September to February

How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport from Ranikhet is Pantnagar Airport, at a distance of 110 km.
  • By rail: Kathgodam Railway Station is the nearest major railhead near Ranikhet. Both are located 75 km away from each other.
  • By road: Nearest major city from Ranikhet is Delhi, 355 km away from each other.

Attractions: Jhula Devi Temple, Mankameshwar Temple, Bhalu Dam
Average Temperature: 14. 8 degree celsius

70. Kausani – Perfect Getaway For Couples

Empty Road in Kausani Uttrakhand

Source : Google photo

Located in the Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand, Kausani is a perfect getaway away from the hustle and bustle of the city. Kausani is famous for its 300 km wide scenic views of some of the tallest peaks of the Himalayas like Nanda Devi and Panchachuli. Kausani weather is mild and hovers around 9 to 26 degrees. It is considered as one of the best places to visit in India before you turn 30.

Best time to visit: April to June
How to reach

  • By air: The nearest airport to Kausani is Pantnagar (177 km).
  • By rail: One can take a train from anywhere in India to Kathgodam near Nainital, and further take a short bus ride of 4 hours (136km) to reach Kausani.
  • By road: You can hire a cab from New Delhi or your drive your own car to cover the 401 km distance which will take up to 10 hours.

Attractions: Gandhi Ashram, Rudradhari Falls and Caves, Baijnath Temple
Average Temperature:

71. Agumbe – Scenic Beauty

waterfall in agumbe

Source : Google photo

Known for its scenic beauty and biodiversity, Agumbe is a settlement situated in Karnataka. The lush rainforest also has many popular waterfalls such as Bakarna, Onake Abbi, and Jogi Gundi falls. There is a sunset viewpoint as well where you can enjoy the evening. If you are a wildlife enthusiast, you will be excited to know that there are some wild species that you can spot here like leopards and tigers.

Best time to visit: October to February

How to reach

By air: The nearest airport is Mangaluru Airport located about 95 km away from Agumbe village.
By rail: The closest railway stations is Udupi Railway Station (about 50 km away).
By road: You can directly take a bus from Bangalore going to Thirthahalli and then another bus from there to Agumbe.
Attractions: Enchanting waterfalls, sunset viewpoint, Sri Venugopala Krishna Swamy Temple
Average Temperature: 23.5 degree Celsius

72. Munnar: Immerse In The Greenery

Munnar honeymoon places

Source : Google photo

Munnar is a place which is known for its beautiful tea gardens, lakes and pretty hill stations. Located at the Western Ghats, this is one of the best places to visit in India with friends and family. This beautiful hill station is the commercial centre for some of the biggest tea estates of the world. In addition to this the hill station is considered to be one of the most protected areas where some of the endemic and endangered species live.

Best Time To Visit: September To November, January To March

How To Reach

By Air: The nearest airport is the Cochin International Airport located 125 kms away
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Kochi and Ernakulam
By Road: One can take a cab or bus from Kochi, Aluva or Ernakulam

Attractions: Eravikulam National Park, Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Tea Plantations

Average Temperature: 19.4 degree celsius

Restaurants: Copper Castle, SN Restaurant, Sree Mahaveer Bhojanalaya Restaurant

73. Gangtok: Explore The Gateway To Sikkim

Gangtok Honeymoon

Source : Google photo

With the spectacular view of the Mt. Kanchenjunga in the backdrop and the alluring clouds covering the peaks, Gangtok appears to be an intact painted picture. This beautiful hill station is located amidst the mountains and clouds. And alongside that it is also a base for many trekkers who hike up to the Himalayan ranges. It is one of the most beautiful hill stations which has a blend of traditions and urbanisation.

Best Time To Visit: Late September to November and March to June

How To Reach

By Air: The nearest airport is Bagdogra, West Bengal which is 124 kilometres away
By Train: The nearest rail head is New Jalpaiguri which is 148 kilometres away
By Road: Take a car

Attractions: Nathu La Pass, Rumtek Monastery, MG Road

Average Temperature: 22 degree celsius

Restaurants in Gangtok: OSM Restro & Lounge, Taste Of Tibet

74. New Delhi – Enjoy A Day At India’s Capital

Monument in Lodhi Garden, Delhi

Source : Google photo

The capital of India, Delhi brims with all the hustle bustle for the entire day. This metropolitan city reflects a beautiful blend of history and modernity with its monuments and fancy shopping places. Alongside that, the place is also famous for its incredible Delhi University which is renowned worldwide. There is a beautiful blend of culture and traditions which makes this city one of the top 25 tourist places in India.

Best Time To Visit: October To March
How To Reach
By Air: The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport
By Train: There are 4 major railway junctions – Puraani Dilli, New Delhi, Hazrat Nizamuddin and Anand Vihar
By Road: The major bus terminals in Delhi are Kashmere Gate ISBT, Sarai Kale Khan ISBT, Anand Vihar ISBT, Mandi House and Majnu Ka Tila

Attractions: Humayun’s Tomb, Qutub Minar, Red Fort, Akshardham Temple
Average Temperature: 7 Degree Celsius
Restaurants: Smokehouse Grill, Bikanervala Angan, Paranthe Wali Gali, All American Diner

75. Kanha National Park – Amidst The Wildlife

Tourists taking a safari ride in Kanha National Park

Source : Google photo

Situated at the central region of Madhya Pradesh, the Kanha National Park is quite a famous place to visit. This is known as one of the best parks in Asia which shelters around 22 species of large mammals. Alongside that this place is also one of the well-known tiger reserves. Established in 1955, people visit this park to enjoy an exciting wildlife safari.

Best Time To Visit: Mid-October to June
How To Reach
By Air: There is no direct flight connectivity, The nearest is the Jabalpur airport which is located around 120 km away from Kanha National Park.
By Train: There is no direct train connectivity. Jabalpur Railway Station is the closest which is around 130 kms away from the national park.
By Road: Buses are available at short intervals from the nearest city Mandla.
Average Temperature: 14 Degree Celsius
Restaurants: Mogli Resorts, Kanha Resort, Kanha Jungle Lodge

76. Mussoorie – Tour To The Queen Of Hills

Mussoorie

Source : Google photo

Mussoorie is considered to be one of the best places to visit in India with friends in Uttarakhand. Resting at the foothills of the Garhwal Himalayan ranges, this place is also known as the “Queen of Hills”. Located at a height of 7000 feet above sea level, this place has so much to offer beyond the pleasant climate and natural beauty of the hills.

Best Time To Visit: September To June
How To Reach
By Air: The nearest airport from Mussoorie is the Jolly Grant Airport which is located 30 kms away
By Road: The hill station is well-connected with the major cities by the roadways and one can also hire a taxi from Dehradun or New Delhi to Mussoorie.
Attractions: Lal Tibba, Kempty Falls, Gun Hill
Average Temperature: 4 Degree Celsius
Restaurants in Mussoorie: Tavern, Neelam, Casa Mia Bakery, Emily’s, Tip Top Tea Shop

77. Tirupati – Glimpse Of Magnificent Temples

visit temple

Source : Google photo

Located at the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, Tirupati is famous for its majestic Venkateshwara Temple which is one of the most famous pilgrimage centres in India. Tirupati is believed to be one of the oldest cities which is mentioned in the ancient scriptures. And alongside that, people can see devotees rushing to the temple to take one glimpse of the 8-feet tall idol of Lord Venkateshwara.

Best Time To Visit: September To February
How To Reach
By Air: The nearest airport is the Tirupati airport which is located at a distance of 15 kms from the main city.
By Train: There are 3 railway stations to reach Tirupati which includes Tirupati Main, Renigunta and Anantharajupet.
By Road: There are regular buses which run from nearby cities like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Attractions: Sri Venkateswara Temple, Swami Pushkarini Lake, City Shopping, Vedadri Narasimha Swamy Temple
Average Temperature: 20 Degree Celsius
Restaurants: Rainbow At Fortune Select Grand Ridge, Maurya, Andhra Spice, Hyderabad House

78. Vaishno Devi – Take A Religious Tour

Vaishno Devi

Source : Google photo

Vaishno Devi is a holy cave that holds major importance in India and every year experience a vast number of devotees coming there. This place is located close

to the Trikuta Hills, which is 13 kms away from Katra. This Holy Shrine was incepted in 1986 and since then the devotees come to this place to seek the blessings. This is one of the most famous places in India which must be visited at least once in a lifetime.

Best Time To Visit: March To October
How To Reach
By Air: The nearest airport from Katra is Jammu Airport or Sarwari Airport
By Train: The nearest railhead is Katra and connects the major cities
By Road: Buses run from Delhi, Amritsar, Jammu Tawi at affordable prices
Attractions: Ardh Kuwari Cave, Bhairavnath Temple, Dera Baba Banda, Katra
Average Temperature: 11 Degree Celsius
Restaurants: Sagar Ratna Restaurant, Mahduban, Prem Vaishno Dhaba

79. Alleppey – Enjoy The Houseboat Ride

Places to visit near Alleppey

Source : Google photo

Also called Alappuzha, Alleppey is a beautiful city located in the South Indian State of Kerala and surrounded by the Laccadive Sea. Enclosed by the green paddy fields and the surreal avifauna, Alleppey is a place which is worth visiting. Counted as one of the dream places to visit in India, Alleppey is a home to backwaters, beaches and beautiful lagoons.

Best Time To Visit: October and February
How To Reach
By Air: There are no direct flights from Alleppey. To reach the place the nearest airport is Kochi which is located at a distance of 60kms.
By Train: Alappuzha railway station is the nearest station to reach Alleppey.
By Road: Buses run at very short intervals from places like Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and many other neighbouring places.
Attractions: Alappuzha Beach, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary, Vembanad Lake, Nehru Trophy Boat Race
Average Temperature: 30 Degree Celsius
Restaurants: Vembanad Restaurant, Harbour Restaurant, Mushroom

80. Bangalore – Take A Tour Silicon Valley

Bangalore travel tips

Source : Google photo

Popularly called the Silicon Valley of India, Bangalore is one of the finest cities which is also considered to be one of the safe places to visit in India. Known for its amazing weather and majestic architectures surrounded by lush-green parks. The city has modern malls fancy cafes and restaurants and also Botanical gardens which is perfect to take a stroll.

Best Time To Visit: November – February
How To Reach
By Air: KempeGowda International Airport is the only airport which connects with 10 domestic and 21 international airlines.
By Train: There are 2 rail terminals in Bangalore – Bangalore City and Yeshwantpur Junction
By Road: Government and Private buses run from Mumbai, Goa, Chennai and Hyderabad
Attractions: Bangalore Palace, Cubbon Park, MG Road, Lal Bagh and UB City Mall
Average Temperature: 27 Degree Celsius
Restaurants in Bangalore: Only Place, Olive Beach, Fava, Sue’s Food Place

81. Jaipur – Experience The Royalty

Beauty of Jaipur

Source : Google photo

Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan which is also called the Pink City. This place is known for its rich culture and heritage which is formed since many centuries. Jaipur city comes under the Golden Triangle and makes one of the most famous places in India to visit. From the magnificent palaces to the vibrant markets, there is a lot to explore.

Best Time To Visit: November-March
How To Reach
By Air: The nearest airport is the Sanganer airport which is well connected with all the major cities
By Train: Shatabdi Express connects Jaipur to all the major cities
By Road: There are buses by RSRTC which runs on frequent intervals and connects to major cities
Attractions: Amer Fort, City Palace, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal
Average Temperature: 20 Degree Celsius
Restaurants in Jaipur: Choki Dhani, Four Seasons, Copper Chimney OM Revolving Restaurant

82. Chandigarh – India’s First Planned Cities

Source : Google photo

Chandigarh is one of the famous places to visit in India. It is India’s first planned cities and is one of the famous weekend road trip destinations. Some of the prominent attractions which attracts tourists to Chandigarh are Sukhna Lake, Rock Garde, Rose Garden, the Lesiure Valley and Capitol Complex.

Best Time To Visit: August-March
How To Reach
By Air: Chandigarh airport is well connected with all the major cities
By Train: Chandigarh railway station has frequent trains plying from New Delhi
By Road: Excellent road connectivity with other neighbouring cities
Attractions: Rose Garden, Rock Garden, Sukhna Lake
Average Temperature: 29 Degree Celsius
Restaurants in Chandigarh: Barbecue Nation, Pirates of Grill, Swagath Restaurant and Bar

83. Lonavala – Most Popular Weekend Getaway

Source : Google photo

Another popular tourist places to visit in India is Lonavala. It is the most visited hill station in Maharashtra and is a popular destination for camping, trekking and other thrilling sports. It allures tourists with its beauty. Surrounding by gorgeous waterfalls and forests, it is a must-visit place for all nature lovers.

Best Time To Visit: Throughout the year
How To Reach
By Air: Lohegaon airport is the nearest airport which is well connected with all the major cities
By Train: Lonavala has its own railway station and trains to and fro are available on a regular basis
By Road: Regular state and private buses operate regularly to Lonavala
Attractions: Tiger’s Leap, Imagica, Karla Caves
Average Temperature: 24 Degree Celsius
Restaurants in Chandigarh: Cafe 24, Lonavala Foods, Della Villa Bistro

84. Coonoor – A Refreshing Escape

Coonoor

Source : Google photo

Coonoor is a serene hill station located in Tamil Nadu that is known for its tea estates. Being surrounded by Nilgiri Hills, the place attracts nature lovers from across the country. Roses, eucalyptus trees, and rhododendrons are in abundance, especially at Sim’s Park. The steam Nilgiri Mountain Railway passes through Coonoor and offers the spellbinding views of lush green Nilgiri Hills. Things To Do: Go for sightseeing, visit tea estates, indulge in shopping as the place offer a variety of tea and coffee Best Time To Visit: October to February Nearest Airport: Coimbatore International Airport How To Reach

  • By Flight: The Coimbatore International Airport is situated in Coimbatore which is about 110kms from the city.
  • By Road: Government and private buses both are accessible to & from major cities.
  • By Train: The Mettupalayam Railway Station is the major rail head which is nearly 45 km from coonoor. You can board a bus or taxi from there to reach Coonoor

Average Temperature: 17-degree Celsius

85. Ajmer – Mystic Abode Of Khwaja Garib Nawaz

Ajmer

Source : Google photo

Ajmer, the mystic home to Dargah Ajmer Sharif, attracts visitors from across the globe. The dargah was the place where Muslim Sufi Saint Khwaja Garib Nawaz resided and imparted his teachings. The site is truly unique as you will see travelers and pilgrims of different religions bowing under the same roof with the same respect. The place also hosts yearly Sufi music festivals where Qalams by popular Sufi saints are performed. Ajmer also features prominent historical sites that were commissioned by Mughals and exhibits Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. Things To Do: Take a sightseeing tour, attend Sufi festivals, enjoy local food esp. For non-vegetarians Best Time To Visit: September to June Nearest Airport: Jaipur International Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the Jaipur International Airport in Jaipur is the closest Airport which is nearly 132 km. From there you can hire a cab and reach Ajmer.
  • By Road: There are numerous buses running between Delhi and Jaipur and most of them halts at Ajmer
  • By Train: Ajmer Junction is a popular railway station and welcomes trains from the major cities

Average Temperature: 24.7-degree Celsius

86. Varkala – The Latent Treasure Of Kerala

Varkala

Source : Google photo

Varkala is the hidden treasure of Kerala which is known for the unique 15m high Northern Cliff that is associated with the Arabian Sea. The hippie culture here is world-known, the cliffs serve amazing seafood & play global music. The place is also known for Janardhana Swami Temple, also known as Dakshin Kashi. Things To Do: enjoy the beaches, visit the Janardhana Swami temple Best Time To Visit: October to February Nearest Airport: Thiruvananthapuram How To Reach:

  • By Flight: there is no direct flight connected to Varkala, so the nearest airport is Thiruvananthapuram around 40km away from the same.
  • By Road: constant bus services ply to and fro from the city of Varkala. They operate on a regular basis from Kochi, Alappuzha, Thiruvananthapuram, etc.
  • By Train: Varkala is connected to the rest of the country by railways, through its Varkala Sivagiri Railway Station.

Average Temperature: 27-degree Celsius

87. Poovar – Explore The Ancient Town

Poovar

Source : Google photo

A small rustic town located 27 km from Thiruvananthapuram with the least explored golden sand beaches and beautiful backwaters of Kerala. Also popular as a fishing village, Poovar Island is found between the Neyyar River and the Arabian Sea. When here hire a boat ( specifically during the sunset) and it will give you a backwater tour of the mangrove forest which is a must-visit activity. Things To Do: see the Vizhinjam harbor, explore the Neyyar dam & Neyyar wildlife sanctuary. Best Time To Visit: November – February Nearest Airport: Trivandrum International Airport How To Reach:

  • By Airport: Nearest airport to Poovar is the Trivandrum International Airport, which is 38km away and has regular flights from the major cities in the country. Taxis & local state transport buses are easily available.
  • By Road: To reach Poovar by road you have to first reach Thiruvananthapuram by bus. From there you can only approach the town by water. Boats & houseboats are available from Trivandrum.
  • By Train: the closest railway station to Poovar is Parassala Railway Station which is located at a distance of 11 km. From the station, you can hire a boat to reach Poovar.

Average Temperature: 26-degree Celsius

88. Kanyakumari – Touch The Southernmost Tip

Kanyakumari

Source : Google photo

The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula, environed by the three seas- Indian, Arabian, and the Bay of Bengal. Kanyakumari was earlier known as Cape Comorin. The place is a mountainous terrain amid three seas, with tall & bold coconut trees, hills & dotted with paddy fields. Apart from this, Kanyakumari is also the only place in the country where you can observe the sunrise and sunset at the same beach Things To Do: Vivekananda rock memorial, visit Triveni Sangam, explore Vattakottara fort. Best Time To Visit: October to February Nearest Airport: Trivandrum International How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the closest airport to Kanyakumari is Trivandrum International Airport, which is located 67kms away from Kanyakumari. From here you can take buses or cabs to reach Kanyakumari.
  • By Road: Kanyakumari is well associated with the major South Indian cities by road. If you are commuting from any of the South Indian places you can opt for self-drive.
  • By Train: Kanyakumari has its own railway station which is well associated with most of the Indian cities.

Average Temperature: 31-degree Celsius

89. Khajuraho – Visit The Archaic Temples

Khajuraho

Source : Google photo

A UNESCO World Heritage Site situated in Madhya Pradesh. The site is popular across the world for its marvelous temples adorned with sensuous & attractive carvings. The architecture of this place aims to depict the erotic forms of love, the illustrations on the wall portray passion in the most aesthetic & appealing ways. Built during 950 to 1050 AD the carvings show a paradox with the conventional Indian ideals that leave the visitors spellbound. Things To Do: tour the temples, visit the nature & Panna national park Best Time To Visit: October to February Nearest Airport: Khajuraho Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: The nearest airport is the Khajuraho Airport that connects Khajuraho to the rest of the country’s major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, etc.
  • By Road: daily bus services ply to and from here. Majorly from Delhi, Bhopal, Indore the buses are easily available.

Average Temperature: 25.8-degree Celsius

90. Pushkar – Ancient City With Sacred Sites

Pushkar

Source : Google photo

Pushkar, a lively town bordering the Thar Desert is a prominent religious site and being a proud home to the world-famous Pushkar Mela, welcomes tourists from across the world during the festival. The town is nestled along the Pushkar Lake which comprises 52 ghats (stone staircase) where pilgrims perform rituals and take holy dips. There are over hundreds of temples at Pushkar, however, Jagatpita Brahma Mandir is the most popular amongst them. The temple was constructed in the 14th century and exhibits exclusive architecture. Things To Do: Visit temples, attend festivals, spend time at Pushkar Lake Best Time To Visit: September to April Nearest Airport: Sanganer Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flights: Sanganer Airport in Jaipur is nearly 140 km from Pushkar and you can board a bus or hire a taxi to reach
  • By Road: You can hire a taxi or board a state transport bus from any nearby city
  • By Train: Pushkar railway station is well-connected and has connectivity with major cities of Rajasthan

Average Temperature: 24.8-degree Celsius

91. Wayanad – Nature’s Heaven

Wayanad

Source : Google photo

Known as Nature’s Abode, Wayanad houses archaic historical caves, welcoming resorts, magical waterfalls & amazing homestays. The place is also famous for its spice plantations and wildlife. When here tour the spice plantations and trek at the prehistoric caves. Things To Do: Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kuruva Island, Edakkal caves Best Time To Visit: throughout the year Nearest Airport: How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the nearest airport to Wayanad is Calicut International Airport which is 93 km away from Wayanad. From here, you can either hire a cab or take a bus to Wayanad.
  • By Road: Wayanad is well associated with the nearby South Indian cities such as Bangalore, Coimbatore, Kozhikode. You can catch a public bus or hire your own cab to Wayanad.
  • By Train: the nearest railway station to Wayanad is Nilambur railway station in Kerala. It is situated at a ditay of 90 km from Wayanad. From here you can take a bus or hire a cab to Wayanad.

Average Temperature: 25.6-degree Celsius

92. Gulmarg – Paradise For Winter Lovers

Gulmarg

Source : Google photo

If you are fond of winters & love to play with snow then Gulmarg should definitely be on your list of must visit places in India before you turn 31. Situated at an altitude of 2730 m above sea level, the place is a famous skiing destination in Pir Panjal Range of Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir. Dotted by snow-covered lofty Himalayas, lush green valleys, bloomed flowers, and deep ravined, Gulmarg possesses the world’s second-highest Gondola ride. Things To Do: Go skiing, play with the snow, go snowboarding Best Time To Visit: March to June Nearest Airport: Srinagar International Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the closest airport to Gulmarg is Srinagar Airport which is well-connected to all the major airports of the country.
  • By Road: direct buses are available from Delhi to Gulmarg. Both government and private deluxe buses run on the common route.
  • By Train: the closest railway station to Gulmarg is 290 km away from Gulmarg. You can catch a bus from Jammy or hire a taxi directly to Gulmarg.

Average Temperature: 7.6-degree Celsius

93. Shirdi – Place Of Sai Baba

Shirdi

Source : Google photo

Called the Land of Sai Baba, Shirdi is a religious site close to Nasik with multiple temples & few historical places. Situated in Ahmednagar district the place holds strong significance as holy and pilgrim place for the devotees of Sai Baba. This small town is brimming with religious spots & things which will soothe the tourist in India. The aura is fresh and carries chants lingering with spirituality. Things To Do: Explore the temples, Sai Teerth Theme Park, Sai Heritage Village Best Time To Visit: June to February Nearest Airport: Aurangabad Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flights: the Aurangabad airport is the nearest to Shirdi. Post arriving at the airport you can take a bus to Shirdi.
  • By road: interstate and intrastate regularly operate here. Bus journeys are easier & convenient.
  • By Train: the nearest railway station to Shirdi is Sainagar Shirdi Railway Station which is well connected to most major cities in the country.

Average Temperature: 25.7-degree Celsius

94. Madurai – The City Of Temples

Madurai

Source : Google photo

The cultural capital of Tamil Nadu, this is the oldest continuously-inhabited most beautiful city of India. Built-in the shape of a lotus, thus known as ‘The Lotus City’. Visit the place and explore the Meenakshi Amman temple with your family

here, and seek some positivity. Things To Do: Meenakshi temple, Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Abodes of Lord Murugan Best Time To Visit: October to March Nearest Airport: Madurai Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: flights are very convenient as the airport is just 10 I’m from the main city.
  • By Road: there are bus services from most of the major cities in South India. Bus journeys are also a feasible & convenient option to reach Madurai.
  • By Train: there are many train services that run across the year. But, advance booking is recommended.

Average Temperature: 28.8-degree Celsius

95. Bodh Gaya – Land Of Nirvana

Bodh Gaya

Source : Google photo

Now the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bodh Gaya is famous for the Mahabodhi Temple. It was here under the Bodhi tree that Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. Thus the place is also known as the Land of Nirvana. Things To Do: Bodhi tree temple, Great Buddha Statue, Dungeswari Hills Best Time To Visit: October to March Nearest Airport: Bodh Gaya How To Reach:

  • By Train: the closest airport is 17 km from Gaya, but it is suggested to travel via Patna Airport which is 135 km away. You can hire a taxi from the destination and drive to Bodh Gaya.
  • By Road: you can take a cab from Patna to Bodh Gaya however the roads are narrow & it’s quite dangerous. It takes about 3 hours to travel from Patna to Gaya.
  • By Train: the Gaya Railway Station is located at a distance of 16km from Bodh Gaya. One can take a cab from the railway station.

Average Temperature: 26.5-degree Celsius

96. Ranchi – Place Of Waterfalls

Ranchi

Source : Google photo

For all those who love waterfalls, the city is surrounded with dense forests, beautiful river Subarnekha and houses the most beautiful waterfalls. There are hardly any sightseeing spots in Ranchi, but because of better flight connectivity the natural surroundings of Ranchi have become quite famous among the holidaymakers. Things To Do: Johna Falls, Picnic at Tagore hills, tour the Birsa Zoological Park Best Time To Visit: November to February Nearest Airport: Birsa Munda Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: The closest airport is Birsa Munda Airport, it connects Patna, Mumbai, New Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata via regular flights.
  • By Road: located between NH23 and NH32, Ranchi is directly connected to nearby cities like Kolkata, Patna via buses.
  • By Train: the Ranchi Junction connects Ranchi to various cities in the country via railways.

Average Temperature: 23.7-degree Celsius

97. Bokaro Steel City – The Most Well-Planned City

Bokaro Steel City

Source : Google photo

Explore the city of beautiful parks, lush greenery and beautiful makes with your best people. The place is perfect for all those looking to relax & enjoy a peaceful time with their loved ones. Apart from being the nucleus of India’s Industrial revolution back in 1960s and 70s Bokaro has gained recognition for itself as one of the most well-planned cities in the country. Things To Do: See the Garga Dam, Jagannath Temple, City park Best Time To Visit: September to February Nearest Airport: Birsa Munda Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the nearest airport to Bokaro is 120 kms away, at Ranchi. One can easily hire a cab from the airport and reach Bokaro.
  • By Road: situated right at the meeting point of NH32 and NH23, it connects it to cities like Ranchi and Jamshedpur.
  • By Train: Rajdhani Express connected it to New Delhi while Ranchi and Kolkata are connected by Shatabdi. The train journey is easier & hassle free.

Average Temperature: 26.2-degree Celsius

98. Deoghar – Explore Jharkhand’s Spiritual Side

Deoghar

Source : Google photo

Many tourists visit this place to perform the holy ritual of Rudrabhishek (the holy bath) in the holy month. While exploring the places to visit in India before you turn 30 you can visit this place if you wish to seek some spiritual vibes & positivity. Things To Do: Nandan Pahar, Baba Baidyanath temple Best Time To Visit: October until March Nearest Airport: Bodh Gaya – 175 kms from Deoghar How To Reach:

  • By Flight: there is no direct connectivity via flight to Deoghar.
  • By Road: regular buses ply to and fro this city. They operate on a daily basis, through a well-connected roadways network.
  • By Train: the place is well connected to the other parts of India via railways. Regular trains operate for passengers.

Average Temperature: 25.4-degree Celsius

99. Bankura – The Hilly Paradise

Bankura

Source : Google photo

With much historical significance, Bankura is a town known for its hills and quaint temples. The place is great for adventure enthusiasts especially those who love hiking and trekking. Apart from that, Bankura holds a significant history and is a temple city. The terracotta temples attract most of the tourists from all over the world. Things To Do: Joypur Jungle, Susunia Hill, Siddhesvara Temple Best Time To Visit: October to March Nearest Airport: How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the nearest Airport to Bankura is in Kolkata. From there, you can take a bus to Bankura.
  • By Road: regular buses are available from nearby cities and towns.
  • By Train: Bankura has its own railway station which is connected to the city of Bhubaneswar. From there you can take a bus or can to Bankura.

Average Temperature: 26-degree Celsius

100. Nalanda – Explore The Rustic Temples

Nalanda

Source : Google photo

Wrapped in the spiritual aura, Nalanda is a significant Buddhist seat of academic excellence. It is also a well established pilgrim centre. Other than that, the place continues to be an equally soothing destination. It offers a beautiful fusion of spirituality, history, beauty, culture & tourism. Things To Do: Jal Mandir, Stupa of Sariputra, Black Buddha Temple Best Time To Visit: October to March Nearest Airport: Patna Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the closest airport is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash International Airport in Patna which is 75km away. From there you can take a cab and reach your destination.
  • By Road: Nalanda is well associated with the nearby cities like Bodhgaya, Patna etc and has a good road network. You can move easily to and from from these cities.
  • By Train: the nearest railway station is Nalanda Railway Station which is well-connected with the major cities of India.

Average Temperature: 26.3-degree Celsius

101. Hazaribagh – Bewitching Land of Lakes

Hazaribagh
<p value="<amp-fit-text layout="fixed-height" min-font-size="6" max-font-size="72" height="80">Source : Google photoSource : Google photo

Situated in the Chhota Nagpur, Hazaribagh is a stunning place with dense forests and natural formations. The dense forests in Hazaribagh are the least explored and are in the purest form all loaded with greenery. Visit this stunning place & have a soothing holiday touring the beautiful lakes with your dearies. Things To Do: Hazaribagh National Park, Canary Hills, Hazaribagh Jheel Best Time To Visit: November to February Nearest Airport: Birsa Munda Airport How To Reach:

  • By Flight: the nearest domestic airport is Birsa Munda Airport which is 96.5 km away from Hazaribagh.
  • By Road: the roads are all connected to Ranchi, Patna, and other cities of Bengal. The nearest city is Ranchi which is at a distance of 96 km.
  • By Train: the nearest railway station is Kodarma which is 50 km away. You can board a bus or hire a cab here.

Average Temperature: 23.7-degree Celsius

To know more about India, its art and craft, flora and fauna, its history, its culture , its famous artists, its numerous attractions, just visit the following website that has over 38 powerpoints that I prepared over a long period of time to bring to you India in all its glory.

Link : https://1drv.ms/u/s!AmoX9W4gHulznDX9uhMGVIJOsKsE?e=oLidog

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Imprinting

Source : Google photo of bad parenting and imprinting on a child

Synopsis : Imprinting a child with positive or negative thoughts can make all the difference between a good person and a bad person later when he grows up. The blog looks at the reasons why people tend to imprint a child negatively and how it impacts the child and the society in general later sometimes in tragic ways.

We often hear the word imprinting without really understanding what it means. The experts will say one thing while the common people may say that it perhaps means it has something to do with printing and may use the word incorrectly.

What it really means is that some ideas are imprinted on to the brain of a child when his brain is like a blank slate where the adults imprint their own belief system so that the kid grows up believing in them. This is done by most adults who think that they know what is best for their kids and only they should decide what the kid gets to learn and what he should not.

They do it in many ways. One way is to repeat a lie over and over again until it imprints and later turns into truth as the adult sees it. This imprint once firmly registered in the brain makes the people believe in it and nothing can convince them otherwise. The politicians know very well how it works in their favor when they repeat a lie over and over again to their constituents who then start believing it and will follow the politician no matter what others say.

We have seen this pernicious effect on the gullible people who went to ransack the US capitol and put many people in harm’s way by attacking the policemen and others believing that the election was stolen so they have a right to protest even violently. They have been told that the earth is flat, the vaccines are not necessary and it may make them impotent, that all Mexicans who come to the country are rapists and criminals, that Asians and other minorities are inferior people who steal their jobs , that black lives do not really matter, that the policemen are just doing their jobs when they step on the neck of a man who is gasping for breath and dies etc.

But to make people believe in something, they must get started with the kids who are innocent and absorb anything told to them as the Gospel truth because they trust their adults who are supposed to know better. Kids are extremely vulnerable to this imprinting process but adults are not immune either. Most of the voters in America believe what the preachers and politicians tell them even if the common sense tells them otherwise.

This is the bread and butter of the fundamentalists who imprint their sadistic and horrible belief system on the young and the old through their mullahs in numerous mosques and through the Internet site they operate so we saw thousands and young men and women who joined their ranks by running away from their homes to go to Syria and fight their Jihad against all the infidels. They thought they were doing God’s work so what could be so wrong in that! They were not children but were vulnerable just the same who later found out how the terrorists had imprinted on them a falsehood that meant to kill and torture people in the name of their belief.

Some were horny women who were promised glorious sex and a chance to meet horny bearded young men with sinister looks on their face but found themselves becoming sex slaves who were shared by everyone like candies, beaten when they refused submission and even killed because they were disillusioned to see the horror in person and wanted to run away.

In some Moslem countries they run Koranic schools called madarsas where the kids are taught hate for the non-believers so that they could be trained as Talibans later on to go on Jihad and kill their enemies. They are told that it is a holy cause for which they should be prepared to die so that they will go to heaven where 72 horny women called Huris will take care of them forever.

So numerous terrorist groups have sprouted all over the world some home grown and others who have been influenced through the propaganda using the Internet. The children thus imprinted are the most difficult to reform later so in all religions, the adults work the hardest on the kids because their brains are like soft clay where ideas can be easily imprinted that later hardens into strong belief.

We have all heard the horrible cult followers of one sinister man who asked them to commit suicide in Jonestown in Guyana one day so they all took poison and forced it down on their children as well so there was a mass murder in the name of belief. Such persuasive power of one man over thousands has meant disaster because nothing good comes out of it. Just take the example of Nazi Germany where Hitler imprinted his ideas on people so negatively that it led to the world war.

Goebbels was not called the propaganda master of Hitler for nothing. He made killers out of ordinary people of Germany who joined the SS because Goebbels made them believe that they were doing their patriotic duty to kill the Jews and the gypsies.

This process of imprinting is practiced by many adults worldwide who try to make their kids in their own image or like them. Some succeed as was the case of one of my classmates in college who was an extreme example but not all adults succeed in imprinting to the extent they wish.

A kid who grows up developing a strong personality begins to question what he is taught at a certain age and may not follow all he has learned so he may take a different course in his life. I know of a Hindu woman who is reading the Koran in the Internet and learning what she can learn from it. It is not clear what she will end up doing eventually but her mother worries.

In the animal kingdom, all animals try to teach their young ones what they must learn in order to survive in the wilderness. The song birds for example teach their chicks how to sing. The chicks that have lost their mother cannot sing because they learn by imitation. Sometimes they imitate other birds or even humans like the parrots, mynahs, and cockatoos etc. who are natural mimics. The young seal cubs who hate to swim are practically forced by the mother seal into water to teach them how to swim.

Young cheetah and leopard cubs are taught to hunt by their mothers because it does not come naturally to them. If you get them very young then they will follow you around like a puppy and will not learn to hunt and live in the wilderness by themselves.

But we think that we are smarter than the animals and birds because we get some education, training and develop our own individual personalities that defines who we are. This identity is often tainted by the belief system imprinted on our brain since childhood by the religion our parents belong to.

Only those people who do not practice any religion and profess to be atheists can escape the imprinting but they suffer a great degree of ostracism, persecution and marginalization by those who are the religionists and who consider the atheists as a threat to their system.

There is a famous song of John Lennon called “Imagine” where he sings how wonderful the world could be if there was no religion anywhere but unfortunately the fundamentalists in America burned his posters, his LP records and one person took it upon himself to kill him one day.

The animals imprint on their young ones because they try to make them learn the fundamentals to survive on their own when they grow up. But we do it not for our survival but to propagate our faith whatever they may be.

This impulse to propagate our faith through any means brought mass slaughter of innocent people during the Inquisition in Europe and Latin America and persecution of those who were of different faith and different culture. Many such persecuted people found a safe haven in America but it continues even today in many parts of the world.

I would like to see a child imprinted with knowledge that will help him become a smart and decent person in the future who can teach the next generation what he has learned so that the whole society benefits. A smart computer expert father who teaches his children mathematics, computer knowledge or programming early can make future Steve Jobs or Bill Gates. They were not born geniuses but learned along the way what they needed to learn to become genius. Kids with high IQ learn anything faster than those kids who are not so smart but they too can learn given half a chance.

Some parents encourage their sons and daughter to learn about aviation so later they can become pilots in the air force. Some teach their children the love for biology and chemistry or other sciences that can produce in them Nobel laureates later in their life. The love for education that Malala’s parents taught her made her a proponent of education for all girls and boys later and the Nobel prize that she received was very well deserved by such a young girl.

I would like to see a child imprinted with love and compassion for others who are not like him so that he can treat everybody equally without discrimination, hate and blind beliefs. Apathy, racism, discrimination, ill treatment of women , sexual abuse of young and vulnerable people , jealousy, greed, bullying others, cheating, thieving, taking advantage of others for personal gain, deceit, double standard etc. are very nasty things kids learn from their adults at a certain age through this process of imprinting.

A child who learns vulgar and hateful language at home will talk like them. If his parents teach him all the bad things I mentioned above, it will profoundly affect the kid and he may even go out and shoot some poor Asian women like in Atlanta because he was taught to hate the Asians.

So the negative imprinting will have a negative effect and the positive imprinting will have a positive effect on the kid. This is where we humans are different from the animals. The animals and birds never teach their offspring negative things. They only teach them what they need to learn in order to survive. Animals do not hate other animals naturally and are known to show extreme compassion for other animals in trouble and try to save them. We could learn a lot from the animals because we do not show compassion to our own kind .

Now we are entering the era of artificial intelligence that worries me. Soon they will develop computer based algorithms that will be able to study the brain pattern in humans and translate into thoughts that can be read by the computers. This means that we will never be able to be private anymore.

Our privacy must be guarded from the prying eyes and computer algorithms because it is our last bastion that we value and want to preserve but it may soon come under attack. It may also negatively impact the very young ones by interfering with their brain and the thought process and may make negative imprinting easier creating monsters in the process.

Imagine if the military schools or the ROTC people could program the brain of a cadet and tell him to go and kill someone in another country, it will be the same as creating a robot army that does not think but can be manipulated from a distance through electronic means. They will be no different from the mullahs teaching young kid hate of infidels and the love of jihad to become Talibans of the future.

Some birds learned to talk trash in a zoo somewhere that embarrassed the visitors so the zoo keeper transferred the trash talking birds to an isolated area but birds do not know the difference between what is trash and what is not so they can’t be blamed. We as humans should know the difference and should be responsible for how we talk and how we behave with others.

Sadly I see many trash talking men and women here who are so toxic that it boggles the mind. What imprinting they had when a child?

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

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How to fight evil

Source : Google photo of evil man

Synopsis: Our world is full of evil people who do harm to others in order to gain riches and power. Such people start modestly in their early life but gain notoriety progressively as they become more evil and become more powerful. They are a scourge that infects the humanity that destroys many lives and puts pressure on the governments to deal with them effectively.

There was a prosecutor in Palermo, Sicily who took upon himself the massive task of bringing the mafia people to justice and gathered evidences against them that would hold up in any court of law. He succeeded in putting in jail more than 300 criminals who had committed serious crimes of murder, rape, extortion, kidnaping people for ransom, illegal occupation of private and government properties, reign of terror in rural and urban areas, bribing politicians and justice people to overlook their crimes and numerous other evil acts. The brave prosecutor was threatened by the mafia who were hell bent to kill him so the Italian government gave the brave man and his family 24 hour protection because one way the mafia could get to their victim was through his family whom they could kidnap and torture.

The criminals jeered and cursed him from behind the bars of their jail and said that he will soon die and they will all go scott free to resume their criminal life. The press avidly followed the progress of the case because no one had ever even tried to prosecute so many mafia men at one time and succeeded so people hoped that this time the courageous prosecutor will succeed where others had failed. He had the full support of the police and the judiciary to bring to justice all these criminals so that the country could eliminate the scourge of mafia once and for all.

But one day the mafia men put a bullet into his head while killing his body guards so the case stopped in its track and all the criminals were released, the evidences against them disappeared and the reign of terror resumed with full vigor.

When the mafia tags a victim, there is no way he or she can escape. The most audacious method is to send a killer on a motorbike that stops beside the car of the victim when there is a red light, shoots the person and rapidly escapes. The dead man slumps on his steering wheel that triggers the horn alerting the traffic police but the killer is long gone.

In many countries the mafia people operate with complete impunity because they protect themselves by bribing the police and the judiciary just like what you have seen in the movie The godfather that highlights how the mafia got started in the rural villages of Sicily and how it spread to the United States and other countries.

Not all mafia people are Italians. There are numerous mafia gangs in many countries involved in drug trafficking, people trafficking, slavery, prostitution, diamond and gold smuggling, land grabbing, extortion etc. Most of these criminals are home grown while others may have international connections. Their main objective is to make money as fast as possible using any means including murder. They invest their black money in businesses that act as a front, acquire illegal properties through threats and intimidation and numerous other ways like setting up shell companies to hide the source of their illegal money.

Now for the first time a chief minister of the most populous state in India has taken up the task of eliminating the mafia in Uttar Pradesh. The mafia had never even dreamed of such a nemesis and are learning that here is a very determined man who wants to end their rule forever.

The chief minister has warned all criminals to surrender to the police or leave the state so to persuade them, he sends the bulldozers to demolish their illegal buildings .So far hundreds of mafia buildings have been demolished and many prominent criminals are in jail awaiting trials. Others are shaking in their boots because they know that the bull dozers are coming for them so it is just a matter of time. The government of India freezes their bank accounts, destroys their illegal properties, returns the freed land to its legal owners, prosecutes the criminals and their musclemen and makes life very hard for them to survive.

For the first time the mafia men are now living in fear and some of them have surrendered to the police voluntarily to spare their lives but to eliminate them completely is a gargantuan task that requires constant vigilance and prompt action. Now many other states that are encouraged by the progress made in Uttar Pradesh are initiating the same process in their areas because mafia exists everywhere. There is coal mafia that steals coal from the mines, sand mafia that steals sand ,wildlife poaching mafia, human trafficking mafia , the drug mafia ,prostitution mafia and many more. Some of these mafia people have foreign connections with the terrorists in neighboring countries who want to destabilize the country.

The politicians of some states protect these criminals because they receive hefty donations from them to their personal accounts and to their party coffers so the criminals flourish everywhere. The politicians also use their own gangs to extort “Protection money “from businessmen and shop owners just like the mafia. Their goons intimidate the voters to get their bosses reelected but that too is coming to an end because the common people are tired of rigged elections, fake voters, fear of violence against them, intimidation and are now demanding the election of an honest candidate.

But this is easier said than done. Who is an honest politician and what is the guarantee that he or she once elected will not do the same meaning patronizing the criminals to get rich? It is easy to get corrupted when there is a temptation and easy to get rich method offered by the mafia. Those who dare to stop them end up with a bullet to their head because a very determined killer will always find a gap in the security of any politicians.

Remember the assassins of John F. Kennedy and his brother Robert? No one has until now found the real culprits. There was a case recently in a village near Kanpur, India where a big time criminal lived in a massive villa with high walls and security cameras. One night the policemen surrounded his villa late at night to arrest this man but found the main access road blocked by a bulldozer and all the lights turned off so they proceeded by foot in the dark. They were in for a tragic surprise when they were met by a hail of bullets from all sides so more than 8 policemen were killed and many more injured while the criminals all escaped through the back door.

The main culprit who had ordered the murder of the policemen escaped to the neighboring state but was caught later and was being brought to Kanpur but the vehicle overturned somewhere and the criminal tried to escape. He was then shot dead. Most of his goons who had killed the policemen are also dead.

It was later found that he was informed by a policeman in his pay that a raid to arrest him was underway so he set up his gunmen on the roof to ambush the raiding party. This is how the mafia people work. They pay the police to inform them when a raid is coming to arrest them.

Once I was stopped by a friend to put money in the juke box of a place to listen to some music. She told me that the mafia places these juke boxes through intimidation and collects the money every night. They also operate Laundromat and car wash facilities etc. as front to show that they are legitimate businessmen but continue their crimes.

In Mexico, Colombia and other countries of the region, thousands of innocent people have been killed by the drug cartel because they opposed them and their goons. One cartel leader has been arrested and is serving jail time in the US but hundreds of them still operate freely putting immense pressure on the law and order situation in many countries.

There are evil people everywhere. One transport officer in India collected thousands of Rupees from truck drivers illegally every day until one day a magistrate passing by saw a long row of trucks at a crossing. He became curious for this traffic jam and soon learned that a policeman without tag was extorting money from the drivers. When questioned, he confessed that he was doing so by the order of the transport officer and has been doing so for many years. He also spilled the name and the address of the fellow.

When the residence of the transport officer was raided, the police found millions of Rupees filled sacs everywhere. They also found lots of documents of ownership of numerous buildings, apartments, malls, hotels, farm lands and a large number of luxury cars and buses in his compound. He was promptly arrested and all his properties confiscated by the government. He is waiting for the court proceedings to complete before sentencing but he is just one of many such corrupt people.

There is a saying in India that when the police went to a village to get the scammer, the whole village was emptied meaning that the evil people are everywhere. While some are being caught and punished, others go about their evil ways freely.

The crime investigative branch of the Indian Police routinely raids the premises of businessmen , movie stars and others who are suspected of hoarding illegal cash, jewelries and precious things to avoid paying tax and find millions of Rupees , gold and silver hidden in often ingenious ways. They meaning the raiding teams take great pleasure in trashing the house of such people who can only watch but do nothing. Many have been sent to jails. Indian jails are nothing to brag about where the new inmates are thrown in the company of rapists, murderers, homosexuals and the likes.

So far I have written about the big time criminals who run the mafia everywhere but there are others who are petty thieves and fraudsters who specialize in scams of all kind. Their victims are innocent people like you and me who are vulnerable. The dishonest vendors give you less by weight for what you buy from them, they sell you adulterated food and over charge you. Some will not give back proper change.

Once a man gave me less money than what I expected when I changed dollars into Rupees at an airport bank. I counted and recounted my money and found it less than the correct amount so finally he was forced to pay me the correct amount. This is evil. Another con man tried to do the same in Manila but I refused and walked away but many innocent people are so victimized.  

The problem is how to avoid the evil people? They come in many shapes and sizes and pretend to be honest when they are not. Who will protect us from such people? Do we always have to be on guard? Why people become evil so easily?  They adulterate milk, they sell inferior quality meat and vegetables and they cheat you when you buy anything from them, they pressure you to buy fake products and they laugh behind your back because they make a fool out of you. They are also evil even if not in the same league as the mafia men.

Then there are people who try to borrow money from you but have no intention of paying it back so they too are evil. How many of us have been so victimized? I am sure many of you have such sad stories to tell. What I find absolutely horrible is that some of the evil men and women are known to you and some of them may even be your relatives whom you cannot avoid.

In conclusion I can only say that as long as the humanity exists, there will always be evil people no matter how hard the police try to curb them and put them behind bars. If one is put away, a thousand take their place so the utopia we dream of will always remain a dream and not become a reality.

So we have to teach our children honesty, selfless service, good values and morals and most of all humility so that they grow up as good persons. Only the good people can fight the evil in this world like that chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. I wish there were more such people of courage who put their own lives at risk to serve the people and bring justice to those who were harmed.  

 Source : Google photo of Einstein with his quote

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

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Universal healthcare

Female surgeon ties her surgical mask around her face underneath operation lights.

Synopsis : We all have to deal with the high cost of medical care no matter where we live in the world. This hurts the poor more than the rich so it is of great concern to the vast majority of the world population. While some Scandinavian countries and Cuba have successfully made available the healthcare to its population for free or for a nominal cost , others do not follow their example calling it socialistic. Healthcare should be a basic human right and not a dole given to some while denying others.

One of the great concerns we all have is how to get well and at what cost when we do get sick. No one is immune to this problem because sickness is like a dark cloud that hovers over the mankind. Sometimes we get sick due to no fault of ours just like with the Corona virus now that has claimed a million or more lives worldwide and shows no sign of abating.

We are innocent victims because someone who is sick with the virus has infected us without us suspecting it so when we get sick suddenly and die, it devastates the family and the loved ones. There are many such infectious diseases out there that pose serious threats to our health every day because we are not aware of them. Some are deadly like the corona virus or tuberculosis while others can be cured if detected in time by the physicians who may suggest a cure that may be too costly for an average patient unless he or she has medical insurance.

Or one can have an accident that is so debilitating that it destroys the person. No one can predict accidents that can happen anytime through no fault of yours. A drunk driver may hit your vehicle and seriously injure you or kill you so how can anyone know what is going to happen?

More people die in road accidents worldwide than in all the wars ever fought in the post industrial period. I personally know a person who was a dashing young man with a good future but one day he had a motorbike accident that made him a disabled person for life and put an end to his career and dreams. He now hobbles on a crutch because his leg was amputated to save his life but what life he has? He now suffers from depression.

Another fellow had a serious accident that damaged his spinal cord that never healed and killed him within one year of his marriage to a nice girl. So accidents can happen to anyone anytime because life is unpredictable. We were so lucky that our son who fell from a swing in Mexico City one day and broke his elbow was taken directly to a wonderful hospital by a social worker where the doctors gave him the best care possible and joined his broken bone for free.

If the same thing had happened in the United States, our bill would have been in thousands of dollars. Anyone who has an accident while visiting the United States will be in big trouble if he does not have a medical insurance because the cost of treatment and hospitalization is very high.

We all get old someday if we do not die earlier due to some reasons but the old age for most people means heart trouble, eye trouble ,hearing loss, fragile bones that break easily, dementia, cancer of all sorts, lymphatic problems, prostate problems just to name a few. Some people who are not lucky live alone whom no one visits so they die alone and helpless in their house or apartment. The neighbors inform the police only when they smell the stench of death. We hear of such cases only too frequently.

So I started to think that the reason why most poor people in the world die from diseases and conditions is because they are too poor to pay for the expenses to get well and who do not have the medical insurance that could cover most of the expenses.

In many countries in Africa and Asia, people depend on the traditional herbalists to get well because they often prepare medicines at low cost or for free but can’t help in serious cases that need the hospital care under a trained doctor. (Read my blog called Gabar Buri here in this context.)

I went to a fellow when my finger was dislocated in an accident so he pushed my finger back to its socket, made it stable with two strips of bamboo and bandaged it to heal. He was a milk vendor who was reputed to have this skill of fixing broken bones so people went to him for help. He charged me practically nothing because he did it as a service to the poor.

You may have also heard of faith healers in some countries who treat people suffering from serious illnesses and charge very little for it if they are genuine but most of them are fake and make money by fooling people. Still desperate people go to them because they have no one else to help them.

The US president Barack Obama was greatly praised for making the Universal Health Care in America affordable to everyone but the opposition party tried to repeal the law and failed when the US Supreme Court favored the law and sided with the people.

Some European countries like Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland among others have a birth to death medical coverage for every citizen for free because the government pays for it through taxation giving the whole world an example that free universal medical care is possible. Cuba is another country that comes to my mind that also gives free medical care to every citizen although Cuba is not as rich as the Scandinavian countries.

The question that we should ask is – why a supposedly rich country like the United States has such a high cost of medical care while other countries in Europe have free care for all that is paid through taxation? Politicians there deride the free medical care in Europe as Socialistic and counter to capitalism because they support the capitalistic way of doing things that support the rich pharmaceutical companies who make big money from drugs and who donate liberally to the campaign funds of the politicians. The private hospitals are very expensive .Who cares if the poor people suffer?

I wrote earlier in a blog that some poor Americans went to Guantanamo base in Cuba and asked the doctors there to treat them for their illness but were chased away by the American armed guards. So very disappointed they went to Havana and asked people where they could get some help. They directed these poor Americans to a very good hospital where the doctors attended to them immediately and gave them all the medical help they needed for free.

The Americans were in tears when they were given bags of gifts as well by the hospital staff and very low cost medicines that they were to take later on and openly wondered why their countrymen vilified Cuba that gave them free help? They could not praise enough the doctors there.  Michael Moore has made a documentary on it and on the healthcare system in the US that is worth watching so I will give you the video here to watch.

Sicko Part 1

Sicko Part 2

Source : U tube video

Indian government now has passed a law that covers all Indians up to 500000 Rupees in Medicare expenses so that no sick person is denied medical help. India also makes low cost generic drugs to treat most illnesses and has become the low cost pharmacy of the world. It exports billions of dollars’ worth of medicines to numerous countries including the United States but the big pharmaceutical companies try to put many road blocks to India because the generic drugs hurt their lucrative business of making money out of people’s misery.

There are some NGOs that collect usable pacemakers from patients who have died in U.K and send them to many countries where the patients desperately need them but can’t afford the high cost. This way the NGOs do the charitable work that they should be praised for. There are some charitable organizations in India that provide free of cost artificial limbs to the victims of accidents. These limbs are made to order to fit perfectly the patients who are given hope and a new lease on life. The Government of India also provides subsidized wheel chairs to some people of old age and motorized wheel chairs to those who are the victims of serious accidents that caused the amputation of their limbs.

I like to see the health care as a basic human right because as I wrote earlier, some people get sick due to no fault of their own like in the epidemic of Corona Virus so to make them pay for the vaccine is like putting salt on their wound. All countries should vaccinate their citizens for free and pay for it through taxation. They should also buy the low cost vaccines from countries that have a proven track record to reduce the tax burden on their citizens.

There are many religious organizations in India that operate free or greatly subsidized hospital care to anyone in need but they alone can’t cope with the demand because their hospitals have limited number of beds so this responsibility must be shared by the governments that have greater resources to set up many hospitals.

In many countries we see the problem of healthcare for the common people because the family doctors who treated patients at low cost have disappeared supplanted by greedy doctors who charge hefty fees for their services and who often suggest non-essential but expensive tests that increase the cost. ( Please read my blog called Where are the doctors? in this context ).

The Muslim hakims in many countries still heal the sick people with their vast knowledge of medicine they prepare themselves and charge very little because service to people is their main objective. I was once helped by a hakim whom I considered an angel because his ointment healed me completely. But they cannot be found everywhere so people still have to go to an allopathic doctor. (Read my blog called Where are the hakims? here in this context )

The hospitals in some countries now demand a huge deposit from the patient before they admit him and tell him to deposit more just after a few days. It does not stop there. Many doctors come to check the patient so they have to be paid a big fee that the hospital puts on the bill. Some doctors refuse to be paid by the insurance company and want to be paid in cash for a surgery or other services as it happened with us. At the checkout time , the anesthesiologist, pathologist and even the janitors fell in line to be paid in cash. The guards let us out of the hospital only after we had given him the proof that we had paid all the bills.

What is very sad are the huge bills that the relatives of the patients have to pay after the death of the patients so the families are doubly hurt. The hospitals then call the funeral parlor people to collect the body because they work in cahoots with them and collect a good commission from them for doing so. The funeral parlors include this commission in their bill to the relatives of the dead patient so everyone makes money at the expense of the grieving family.

I have come to realize that making money from the misery of others has become very lucrative business because people do not have a choice in the matter. So I admire any government that helps its sick people in a humane way and gives them all the support they need at such times. The universal health care is or should be a right and not a business to make money from so President Obama will always be remembered and praised for his landmark Affordable Health Care law for all Americans.

Another issue is the cost of burial or cremation that everyone faces at one time or the other. The governments that operate cremation facilities at low cost protect the families from the predatory Funeral parlors so that is another way all governments can help their citizens. I hope one day everyone will have the right to live a healthy life and get help from their government when they get sick and die.

When Emperor Aurangjeb was on his death bed, he ordered that he should be buried as a pauper wrapped in a simple white sheet by the side of the road. He wanted no grand mausoleum and epitaph but wanted to lay under the sky forever.  He was a cruel king but in death he proved that we come naked to this world so we should be buried in humility as well when our time comes.   

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Bane of middlemen

Source : Google photo of middlemen

Synopsis: Between you and me, there is always a middleman who makes a profit. He is everywhere and has his finger in every pie but he exists only as a parasite who sucks the blood of his victims who are both producers and the consumers worldwide. Now some countries are trying to protect the producers and the consumers by enacting laws. Such laws are long overdue and welcome.  

Once I was caught by surprise when a person I had known for years asked me where I was planning to visit in India to which I answered very innocently that I would like to visit Jaipur, Rajasthan. He then immediately called a driver who would bring me and my family to Jaipur the next day for a fee to which I agreed so we all drove to Rajasthan the very next day.

The surprise came later when I paid the driver who then handed over to this person his share of the money in front of me that he glibly pocketed. It is called a commission that made my trip to Jaipur more costly than if I had dealt with a driver directly.

I see this phenomenon called commission worldwide when a person takes a part of the money of a transaction as his rightful share for a service he provided that was not solicited.

There is a word people in India use for such person called Dalal whom they avoid at all costs because they extract a heavy price from anyone who seeks their service wittingly or unwittingly as was my case. It left a bitter taste in me that brought about an end to my relationship with that person because it was at least to me so unfair.

These middlemen are everywhere. They will entice you with a huge sum in black money for your property for sale so that they can take a mighty chunk of it as commission. What you do with your black money is not their problem. It is illegal but so many people are motivated to do such transaction with these middlemen because of greed and their immoral nature.

India is a country that is rife with corruption at all levels of the society where the middlemen are everywhere sucking the blood of the country and getting fat like leeches at the expense of others. The politicians take millions of dollars as commission from any contract they sign as middlemen so the country loses huge sums of tax payer’s money this way but the loathsome practice continues unabated because it is a source of easy money for them.

Recently the government of India passed a bill to help the farmers so that they could be assured of a better price for what they produce but the middlemen provoked the farmers with false and deceptive idea that the bill was against the interest of the poor farmers. Thus thousands of farmers started to protest against the bill creating huge problem for the public. They blocked the roads, railway lines and threatened to block even the parliament building because they were misled by the middlemen who were the losers when the bill became the law.

The middlemen who paid the farmers a low price for their grains sold the grain at a much higher price to consumers thus raking in huge profit for their own pockets so the farmers remained poor and debt ridden while the middlemen got richer. The new law to help the poor farmers who can now sell their produce directly to anyone including the Government has put an end to the middlemen who are very angry so they are making false claims.

Now it has come to light that these middlemen share their loot with the politicians and give to their party huge sums of money so that the politicians will not enact laws against them and protect their interests. In the USA, it is called lobbying where the big companies put pressure on the politicians through their lobbyists to enact laws to protect their interests that run counter to the public interest. They do this through outright bribes to powerful senators and congressmen and by donating hefty sums to their campaign funds to fight the next election.

But the government of India has not backed down under the pressure from the middlemen and has declared that the money will be sent directly to the bank accounts of farmers for anything the government buys from them to eliminate the middlemen completely. The farmers can now sell their produce in the Internet to any buyer at a much higher price than what they used to receive so they are now free from the hated bondage to the grain market run by the middlemen or dalals.

Any country where the curse of middlemen is endemic can only blame itself because they do not take any action on them so the public suffers. One reason for high level of inflation anywhere is due to this factor of middlemen who pay a poor price to the producers and sell at a higher price to the consumer so everyone suffers. It takes moral courage to enact laws that benefit the farmers and producers of things we consume but very few governments show such moral courage to make laws that benefit the poor.

In Europe we often see the farmers dumping their milk, fruits and vegetables on the road because of very low prices they receive but the store prices remain high due to the middlemen there. If the farmers try to sell their produce directly to the consumers through the farmer’s markets, they are often beaten and chased out by the middlemen.

The farmers find themselves in a terrible bind because they do not have storage facilities so they are forced to sell their produce through the middlemen. They also borrow money from them to buy the inputs they need to produce crops, live stocks, fruits and vegetables that the middlemen deduct from the price they pay to the producers plus hefty interest on the loan so the farmers suffer.

The manufacturers of defense equipment price their products that include the amount they have to pay the middlemen to procure a contract and the bribes they have to pay the politicians who must approve such contract. This leads to scams of massive proportions that leaves no industry unaffected. Ultimately what the government buys from any source anything must be paid for by the revenue earned through tax remittances so we the people suffer and pay for all the corruption.

This is the bane of the system where the middlemen have become an integral part. We see it in the pharmaceutical industry that rakes in billions of dollars from consumers because the middlemen keep the price of drugs high to reap huge benefits. The poor people who can’t afford costly medicines die of sickness that can be otherwise treated because the remedy does exist for many diseases.

That is why the pharmaceutical companies hate the generic drug makers who sell the same drugs at a much lower cost to the poor people. Now they are against any country that makes cheaper Corona vaccine and gives them away for free to poorer countries like what India does because it hurts their lucrative business of making Corona vaccines.

When Nikola Tesla proposed free electricity for everyone, the businessmen in America were greatly alarmed because  they had invested heavily in the infrastructure and the power generation plants so they hated the idea of Tesla and forced him to die in poverty in a New York hotel room with his dreams unfulfilled. His scientific papers, notes and formula were confiscated by the government and hidden away in undisclosed places.  

The idea of taking commission has now become an integral part of the capitalistic society anywhere that has given rise to extraordinary level of corruption that continues to wither away the moral soul of any country.

When you have no choice but to buy the things you need through a middleman, you only bolster their position and make them more entrenched. They are not ashamed because they claim that they provide a service for which they must be paid. They protect themselves by creating unassailable conditions so the producers have no choice but to accept their demands. It is because the farmers of this world do not have the resources to put up huge storage facilities, do not have access to loans to do so and do not have crop insurance to protect themselves in case of calamities.

Those who do are rich farmers or very large corporations with deep pockets that can afford to put up facilities to benefit themselves. The small farmers suffer the low prices they receive for their hard work so they remain poor and in debt. Thousands of such poor farmers in India have taken their lives because they could not feed their families even after all the hard work.

In the so called developed countries, the small farmers are being marginalized by the rich corporations that are increasingly taking over the production of food. We now see this trend in less developed countries as well where the poor farmers sell their land and move to cities in search of jobs. To work so hard and still remain poor is the fate of millions of farmers so they migrate but the cities do not provide them the alternative they seek. This continuous migration only swells the slums in all major cities of the world where the poor congregate.

Therefore I salute the Indian government that has made beneficial farm laws to protect and help the poor farmers who feed the whole nation. Without them we will all starve and the government will be forced to import food from somewhere. Many countries even today suffer because they do not produce enough to feed themselves so import the food at higher cost.

I am fundamentally opposed to middlemen who take advantage of others to benefit themselves but it is very hard to get rid of them unless the government steps in to protect the poor. Such efforts are labeled socialistic by the capitalists but who cares if it helps the poor?

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

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Battle of Mahabharata

Source : Google photo of Angkor Wat etchings depicting battle of Mahabharata

Synopsis : We have the tendency to call our ancient history as myth but there is always a grain of truth in all myths that is discovered when archaeologists discover using latest technologies now. The blog looks at the myth of Mahabharata that the new discoveries are proving to be real. The hidden evidences that were shrouded in myths are now coming to light to prove that the ancients wrote the truth in the epics and did not imagine them.

When you read the history books, several events that took place thousands of years ago stand out in the entire history of mankind, the battle of Mahabharata being one of them. It was such a significant moment that had a great impact on what India would become later because people still talk about it thousands of years later and what it means today to nearly half the humanity.

It is quite unfortunate that such a significant moment in the history of mankind had to occur through bloodshed of epic proportions just because of the greed and jealousy of the Kauravas toward their cousins, the Pandavas that led to the war of Mahabharata so long ago but still fresh in the minds of all who read the history.

What is doubly unfortunate is the fact that such a bloodshed of epic proportions could have been avoided if only Duryodhan came to his senses and had offered a compromise to the Pandavas but he didn’t so the stage was set for war that lasted 18 days and took the lives of thousands of fighters on both sides that soaked the battlefield of Kurukshetra with their blood and left their bodies for the carrion eaters. It devastated and literally decimated the Kaurava clan and all those who fought on their side because very modern weapons were used like the nuclear weapons if the historians are correct.

We are talking about an advanced civilization 5000 years ago that used atomic weapons with incredible power of destruction on a scale unimaginable today because people only think of Nagasaki and Hiroshima but believe that 5000 years ago people did not have such technologies so must be a myth that some historians cooked up to please their own ego. The left wing historians in India and elsewhere are still biased against the great Indian civilization so they downplay its past by saying that it is all myth and not real. Their view is also shared by the Western historians who still cannot accept that India had such an advanced civilization 5000 years ago in spite of mounting evidence .

They said the same thing about Ram who went to Lanka to rescue Sita who was abducted by Ravana and built a causeway from India to Lanka over which his army passed until a photograph taken by NASA showed clearly a causeway that is now under water but can still be seen.

Source : Google photo of the Ram setu or the causeway of Ram between India and Sri Lanka ( NASA satellite image )

The nature has a way to preserve the evidences that some people start calling a myth until a proof is discovered later. People said that Troy was a myth as well until Heinrich Schliemann found the burned stone walls of Troy and lots of artifacts during his digging that are now kept in a museum.

The story of Mahabharata was written down in great detail that every Hindu reads or knows about because it has acquired the importance of scripture like the Bible the Christians read all over the world. Many take it literally while others of a simpler mind take it just as a story that has been passed down to them through generations that they must read as a ritual.

Sages have said that we should know of our history to know where we came from so that we can determine our future because people who do not know their past will have a difficult time to understand what they are as a country. The only problem is that the historians are often biased so they write what pleases their mentors, India being no exception. If you care to read the Indian history, you will find how great the Mughals were and what great legacy they left behind while ignoring India’s struggle for freedom by millions of Indians who sacrificed their lives for it. They pin the medals of Independence on the likes of Gandhi and Nehru while ignoring Bose ,Vir Saverkar,Queen Lakhsmibai and Nana Saheb among numerous others who were the real heroes who brought independence to India.

So history is distorted by those who have ulterior motives to do so that needs to be corrected. The same thing goes for the myths that are shrouded in the mist of a period long past like the battle of Mahabharata or the story of Ramayana in India.

I was dumb struck by the intricate etchings on the walls of Angkor Wat that we visited a few years ago and marveled at the great details of the etchings that depicted in detail the scenes of the battle of Mahabharata. The galleries are miles long that surround the temple complex at Angkor but the art work is just as vibrant as they were when commissioned by the king there thousand years ago in spite of centuries of neglect and vandalism by the looters who caused massive damage to the complex.

The etchings or what is called the bas reliefs were done by people who had never been to India but who read the story of the Mahabharata and carved the bas relief on the stone in the gallery to depict the story in the most visual way possible. Here is a photo of the bas relief at the Angkor Wat depicting the battle of Mahabharata

Source : Google photo of the bas relief at the Angkor Wat

Sadly no such temple and bas relief exists in India anywhere today so people who have never been to Angkor have only the written text of the epic story to rely on. But with the passage of time and the advent of new technologies like satellite imagery, LIDAR radar survey and the discovery of numerous sites mentioned in the Mahabharata story have come to light where the archaeologists have started to dig to discover what lies buried for thousands of years.

It is the same way the satellite imagery, infrared photos taken by helicopters and planes flying over the thick jungle of Cambodia has uncovered the vast city and temples of Angkor, the complex irrigation system, the network of canals etc. in great detail although still covered with thick forest so it is only a matter of time, a great deal of work to clear the jungle and lots of money to bring to light what the nature has swallowed and hidden for centuries.

A similar effort is underway in India that has a great deal of written history of Mahabharata and Ramayana that is being sourced to guide the diggers on the ground who are finding astonishing relics of that period that some people still think as myth.

The nature preserves the past in a very unmistakable way that people of the future may someday find using the technologies now so a veil is being lifted to reveal the past. They have found molten silica beads in the battleground of Mahabharata indicating that the sand there melted due to extreme heat that could have come from the use of nuclear weapons.

They have found aircrafts hidden in the caves of Afghanistan that still emit strong radiation to deter anyone trying to investigate and bring these machines out. They have mentioned such aircrafts in the Mahabharata and Ramayana with detailed diagrams of the internal parts of these machines, the way the machines flew on the energy it generated. Now there is proof that such machines existed long before the present era so the scientists and the engineers are scratching their head and wondering how it was possible to make an aircraft 5000 years ago when people were supposed to be primitive as compared to the present. The Western skeptics are loathe to admit that India had a far superior civilization thousands of years ago when Europe had primitive people living in caves wearing only animal skins.

Source : Google photo of the ancient aircrafts found in Afghanistan

People still wonder how the massive 20 ton stone pieces were lifted to make the great pyramids of Giza and how they were transported from the quarries hundreds of kilometers away when they did not have the machines to cut them and lift them to a great height of the pyramids but someday they will figure this out and say that the ancients were not primitive at all. They used advance technologies in those days that illuminated inside the dark chambers of their underground crypts and have left telltale signs in their manuscripts and etchings on the walls of such technologies that we are too stupid to understand but eager to doubt.

People still wonder at the technology used by the Incas centuries ago to put together irregular shaped massive stone blocks so perfectly that you can’t insert a thin razor blade between them let alone how they lifted such stone. What machines they used to do it? How they could make astoundingly precise astronomical charts so long ago?

Source : Google photo of the Inca stone work in Peru

The city of Prayagraj previously known as Allahabad is where three rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati converge so it is the holiest place for all Hindus who bathe at the confluence called Triveni Sangam to get Nirvana. These three rivers converging at Prayag ( ancient name) was mentioned in the scriptures of Vedas but we find only Ganga and Yamuna now. So what happened to Saraswati river ? Was it only a myth?

Source : Google photo of satellite image of Saraswati river in India

Now the satellite imagery shows a green line where trees have grown that proves that the river has gone underground but provides water to the trees that have grown along its banks. It is same way for the Ram Setu or Ram’s causeway that has gone underwater between India and Sri Lanka but can be seen from NASA satellite image clearly.

We all know that human bones do not deteriorate over time so the bones of Lucy was found in Ethiopia that is hundreds of thousands of years old. Scientists now say that we all descended from Lucy and spread all over the world because her DNA has been traced and her skull was carbon dated to know that it was so old.

So the diggers at the archaeological sites in Baghpat in India have unearthed numerous artifacts that they claim to be from the Mahabharata period that includes chariot wheels, parts of the chariot, weapons such as swords, spears, shields, bones of horses and humans, gold and silver ornaments worn by the fighters in the battle of Mahabharata, potteries, beads, arrow heads etc. The chariots found are exactly the same as shown in ancient paintings of the period.

Source U tube video on archaeological site diggings in India

They are finding new items constantly while many sites still remain to be dug. They have taken the new technologies of satellite images and GPS to pinpoint certain locations where some serious diggings are going on.

The ground penetrating radar has located some crypts in Egypt that are immense in size that are still to be dug out and explored so one day they may find the burial site of Cleopatra or Alexander because people are looking for them.

India remains a treasure trove of its ancient past that is slowly coming to light so that the naysayers can see the evidence now before they shoot off their mouth and say it is all a myth. The idiots do not know that all myths contain a grain of truth that only the passage of time can expose.

Minotaur, Greek Minotauros (“Minos’s Bull”), in Greek mythology, a fabulous monster of Crete that had the body of a man and the head of a bull. In Greek mythology, Pasiphaë was a queen of Crete. She was also the mother of “star-like” Asterion, called the Minotaur. She had sex with a bull so this child by the bull was shut up in the Labyrinth created for Minos by Daedalus. This myth was shattered when they discovered the actual labyrinth in Knossos ,Crete proving that there indeed was a Minotaur that lived there.  ( Wikipedia)

Source : Google photo of the Labyrinth in Knossos ,Crete

Lastly I would like to say that just because we do not yet have some evidence of our past does not mean that they do not exist so people should not negate it by saying it is all myth in a haste. The evidence is being found all over the world using new technologies just like in India that has found them proving that the battle of Mahabharat took place as mentioned in the epic story.

Why Duryodhan refused to share the kingdom with his cousins the Pandavas that led to the war and the tremendous loss of lives on both sides when land was plentiful and the population so low is perhaps a subject of future reflection but not at this time.

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

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Story of Ertugrul and Halime

Source : Google photo of Ertugrul and Halime Sultan

Synopsis : It is said that all great things have a small beginning. When a brave fighter of the Kayi tribe in Turkey took up his sword to protect the poor and helpless from bandits and tyrants to give them justice, he became the star who rallied all the tribes that came under his leadership to root out the evil hordes of Genghis Khan and later the Knight Templars and the Byzantine rulers. This is the story of Ertugrul Bey and his incredible struggle to lay the foundation of the greatest empire that his son Osman 1 founded later called the Ottoman empire. Ertugrul fought for equality, justice for all, protection of the poor and needy. He never turned away anyone who needed his help.

How many of you have ever heard of Ertugrul the brave heart? I suspect most people do not know their own history let alone Ertugrul, the brave heart. He lived a long time ago in the 11th century but left behind an empire that lasted over 600 years called The Ottoman empire based in Turkey. It was an empire that outlasted all others and was known as the glorious period in the Islamic world that left its mark in the annals of history as the one that started when a young man stepped forward to fight injustice and tyranny during his time.

He was the son of a great warrior Suleiman Shah who was the head of the Kayi tribe and his equally illustrious mother Hayme who taught young Ertrugul that fighting injustice and tyranny anywhere was a very noble cause so the young dashing boy grew up believing it and trained very hard for his cause just like his other brothers and the young men of his tribe.

They were nomads who wanted peace and lived in tents that they moved to greener pastures for the goats and sheep but they were assailed on all sides by their enemies that included the Knights Templars, the Mongol marauders ,other tribes that wanted their land, bandits who attacked them and their markets where they sold their beautiful rugs and later the Byzantine Christians who saw them as threats to their ambition to rule the world from Constantinople. Those who at first dismissed them as goat herders soon learned to their dismay the superb fighting skills of the tribe under Ertugrul who emerged as their leader his tribesmen would die for in battle.

The Kayi tribe was known for its most excellent woolen rugs of intricate designs and dazzling colors woven by the Kayi women that were highly prized in many European countries and in the Middle East. With the income from the sale of their carpets and rugs, they bought food and other necessities but every woman knew the dangerous time they all lived in and trained in horse riding ,archery and how to defend themselves so they all carried knives in their waist.

The young men constantly honed their skill in sword fighting, archery, horse riding and in hand to hand combat because they never knew when they would be attacked. They were peace loving people who were generous to a fault to anyone who sought their protection and shelter and extended their protection to other tribes that often came under attack. There were many such tribes spread out over a vast area of the present day Turkey that a noble Sultan tried to bring together to fight their common enemy that put their very existence in jeopardy. This was Genghis Khan and his blood thirsty hordes that wanted to conquer the whole world and nearly did. The Knight Templars also posed a serious threat to all Moslems who lived in the area because they too wanted to capture Moslem territories and expand their influence so they occupied Jerusalem causing a lot of bloodshed.

They fought the Byzantine soldiers because by this time the Christian Church was divided into the Catholics ruled by the Pope in the Vatican and the Orthodox Christians ruled by a king from Niceae and later from Constantinople who was also their Pope. The world’s greatest Orthodox Christian church was built in Constantinople that still stands today but not as a Church anymore. It has been turned into a mosque now. The Templars were the military arm of the Catholic church who protected Jerusalem from the Moslems and made lots of money through trade and loaning money at usurious rates to the European kings who sent many crusades to Palestine to occupy Jerusalem.

Ertugrul who was the third son of the tribe chief Sulayman Shah changed the history forever but even he did not know how his fight for truth, justice and equality would lay the foundation of a vast empire that someday would shine as a glorious beacon to all that would outshine all the empire building powers of that period.

This is the mesmerizing story of a great man who fought his enemies tooth and nail, suffered a great deal when his enemies captured him and tortured him, beat him to break his bones, nailed his hand to a tree with a spike, poisoned him, kidnapped his baby son and posed a direct threat to his beautiful wife Halime Sultan, his mother Hayme and to his tribe. He never let down his father Suleyman Shah who came to trust the judgment of Ertugrul more than all his other sons. But he fought on and managed to survive his imprisonment and tortures escaping many times to regain his strength to continue his struggle. His trusty fighting campanions Bamsy, Turgut, Abderrahman, Artuk Bey and Dundar Bey among others formed a very formidable fighting force and fought numerous battles and won most of them.

His story starts when one day while hunting in the forest for deer, he came upon a group of heavily armed Templar soldiers who had in their custody a beautiful princess , her father and younger brother. The Templars were on their way to their castle to lock up their prisoners in their dungeon to use them as pawns for political bargaining in their effort to expand their territory.

Ertugrul and a few of his close associates came upon the scene and promptly killed all the Templars and rescued the princess called Halime Sultan. He gave them shelter in his tribe and vowed to protect them all the time. He also fell in love with the beautiful princess who also fell in love with him so his parents gave their blessing to their marriage later.

Halime was no ordinary princess. She came from a ferocious tribe that had fallen on hard times. She was very educated and superbly trained in sword fighting, horse riding and archery. She was an artist when it came to design beautiful patterns in the carpet and introduced dazzling colors that she extracted from plants and barks of some trees to dye the wool so her new designs and colors drew great admiration in the market. The traders paid in gold a good price that increased the income of the tribe.

He fought many battles with the Templars who were the enemy of all Moslems and eventually captured their castle and killed them all. He found huge amount of gold in their castle that he distributed to all the poor people of his tribe who had lost their sons in the battle. He equally helped Christians, Greeks and others who needed his help and protected them. But the Mongol warlord Noyan gave him the most trouble whom he was able to kill when he managed to escape from his captivity in the Mongol camp.

Source : Google photo of Mongol warlord Noyan who tortured Ertugrul

The Real History of Ertugrul and Halime

The following information on Ertugrul Bey, Halime and his parents, brothers and other important persons in the life of Ertugrul are drawn from the Islamic history , written records of Ibn Arabi and other sources like Byzantine records, records of Knight Templars etc . The photos shown here are from the Turkish U tube episodes called Dirilis meaning Insurrection that is wildly popular.

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Source : Google photo of Ertugrul Bey

With the small part of Kayi tribe, Ertugurl with only 400 tents, went on the challenging path toward the West and made foundation for one of the greatest empires. After Sultan Aladdin was poisoned by Sadettin Kopek who was his vizier, Ertugrul revolted against Kopek’s government, and proclaimed his own State,  the City of Sogut its capitol.

His love and respect for his wife was widely known. He had four sons with Halime Sultan, and he died when he was 90 years old. The last ten years of his life were spent quietly in his tribe when due to the old age, he transferred all his responsibilities to his youngest son Osman. A historical proof of his life are the coins minted by Osman which identify Ertuğrul as the name of his father, but beyond this not much is known about him apart from folklores.

There is information and historical facts about him that are kept in Turkish archives, within Ibn Arabi’s chronologies, in Western archives about Templars, in Byzantine’s chronologies and in legends – but this information only amounts to around 7 pages according to the actor Engin Altan Duzyatan, who gave life to this great character. Despite this Engin considers it a great privilege to play Ertugrul as he was the first person in Turkish history to move away from the nomadic lifestyle and look to establish a state that went on to last 600 years.

We do know that he was buried in Sogut in 1280. Around his tomb are graves of Halime Sultan, Hayme Mother, his sons, Gunduz, Savci Bey, Saru Batu and Osman, his brother Dundar, Turgut Alp, Samsa Alp, Abdurahman, and many others of his Alps, who reached Sogut with Ertugrul Bey. The ones that were not buried there, died along the way.

We all know that everything comes to an end someday so did the life of Ertugrul in Sogut one day when he was 90 .He is buried here in Sogut but what wrenched my heart was to see the simple grave of Halime Sultan near the entrance to the mausoleum of Ertugrul as shown in the following video. How tragic that in death they were separated.

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Source : Google photo of the grave of Ertugrul Bey in Sogut , Turkey

Source : U tube video of the grave of Ertugrul in Sogut, Turkey

Here you will find the short description of the principal characters who played a decisive role in the life of Ertugrul and Halime starting with Osman 1.

Osman I

Source : Google photo of Osman 1 , founder of the Ottoman empire, 4th son of Ertugrul and Halime Sultan

Source : Google photo of Osman 1 , 4th son of Ertugrul who established the Ottoman empire that lasted over 600 years.

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Source : Google map of the Ottoman empire, its rise and fall

Osman is known as the father of the Ottoman Empire as from his Beylik (principality) the expansion of the Ottoman territory began. In the history books you will often see Ottoman rule referred to as the Osmanli dynasty. Osman came very late to his parents. He was born late in Ertugrul and Halime’s life. When Osman was born in 1258, Ertugrul was around 67 years old, and as Halime was older too, when normally women cannot have children anymore, he was considered a Miracle child sent by God. Historians consider a black hole in Ottoman history during Osman’s life as what is written about him was uncovered 100 years after he died.

Gundogdu & Sungurtekin

Source : Google photo of Gundogdu and Sungurtekin, brothers of Ertugrul Bey

They did not support Ertugrul’s path and as we know, and over time faded in history. They lived a quiet and unremarkable life, not much is known or written about them. There are only verbal accounts, which were told by people through generations. According to that, they suffered big losses during a great Mongol invasion, and what was left of them, they lived subserviently under the Mongol’s rule.

Dundar Bey 

Source : Google photo of Dundar Bey, younger brother of Ertugrul Bey

He was a brave and renowned warrior, a goodhearted and loving man, devoted to his brother, his tribe, and  his family. He was the younger brother of Ertrugul but history documents him as of a weak personality and he made a lot of mistakes throughout his long life. He died aged 92 or 93, by Osman’s hand. He rebelled against one of Osman’s decision and that was the last straw for Osman.

Turgut Alp

Source : Google photo of Turgut Alp

He was one of the greatest and most renowned warriors in Turkish history, a blood-brother to Ertugrul and his best follower and supporter, a very smart and capable man. He lived an unusually long life, even for our time. He outlived Ertugrul Bey by 35 years, and he was killed in a battle, with his legendary battle-axe in his hand aged 125 years old! After Ertugrul passed away, Turgut become the main support to Osman, and when Osman established his Sultanate, he rewarded Turgut with the highest position, as a Governor of the new State.

Bamsi Beyrek

Source : Google photo of Bamsi

He was a legendary hero; his life has been described in the book of medieval Ottoman’s chronologies of that time, titled ‘’The book of Dede Korkut” . He was a fierce warrior, goodhearted and very funny man. His love life was legendary, since his heart was divided between two loves. He spent 16 years in a dungeon in a Byzantine castle where the Princess, who lived in that Fortress fell in love with him and helped him escape. It is not known when he died or how long he lived; only that he lived for a long time and he was ambushed by trickery and killed in a battle leaving behind a wife and children.

Ibn Arabi

Source : Google photo of Ibn Arabi, mystic, philosopher, poet,sage

As many of us know Ibn Arabi is a famous chronologist, mystic, philosopher, poet, sage, he is one of the world’s great spiritual teachers. Ibn ‘Arabi was born in Murcia, Andalusia, in Spain in 1165 and his writings had an immense impact throughout the Islamic world and Christian world. The universal ideas underlying his thought are of immediate relevance today. He was great inspiration and support to Ertugrul Bey. He died in 1240 aged 75. He was the spiritual master of Ertugrul and gave many advice and support to him when he was struggling.

After his death, Ertugrul Bey continued to draw support from Ibn Arabi, through his numerous writings, books, diaries, teachings and his other spiritual works, and through his followers.

Halime Sultan

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Source : Photo of Halime Sultan, wife of Ertugrul Bey and the love of his life

She was a Seljuk Princess, very dedicated to her husband and his greatest supporter. She gave up her title and her Palace’s life due to her love and dedication to Ertugrul Bey. Through her marriage to Ertugrul Bey, Seljuk Turks and Oguz Turks, two greatest Turkish branches were irrevocably united by blood ties.

Hayme Mother

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Source : Google photo of Hayme , mother of Ertugrul Bey

She lived a long life and she came with them all the way to Sogut.  She was a smart, caring and brave woman, who acted as the Bey of her tribe, after Suleyman Shah had died. She was widely much respected and she was called ‘’the Mother of the people’’. It is not clear whether she gave birth to Gundogdu, she certainly brought him up. According to one line of sources, Gundogdu was her own son. But, since Suleyman Shah had lost his first wife, before marrying Hayme, there are some who believe that Gundogdu was the son of Hayme.

Suleyman Shah

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Source : Google photo of Suleyman Shah, father of Ertugrul Bey

He was a greatly respected figure of that time, he had 4 sons with Hayme Mother. He died by drowning in River Euphrates, and the spot near Aleppo, where he was buried in a sacred place for Turks which is now in modern day Syria, and that territory still belongs to Turkey. It is guarded by Turkey’s military guards and you need a passport to get in there to see the mausoleum of Suleyman Shah although due to the emergence of ISIS and the recent ruin of shrines and tombs from extremists, the remains were temporarily removed last year due to the situation around Aleppo and brought to Turkey to preserve.

Saddetin Kopek

According to Ottoman sources Saddetin Kopek is considered an ambitious and evil  man, his only good quality was his devotion to his State. He eventually managed to kill Sultan Alladdin, his second wife, the Ayyubid Princess and their two sons by poisoning in 1238. He then proclaimed Sultan Alladdin’s third and oldest son (from his first marriage), as a new Sultan through whom Kopek gained total power. However, only one year later, he was hanged from the Palace wall. He always conspired against Ertugrul and tried to kill him many times whom he considered his enemy..

 Artuk Bey

Source : Google photo of Artuk Bey , fighter and healer

Known as Ertugrul Bey’s right hand man in the TV series, but there is so much more to his story! Artuk Bey (also known as “Son of Eksük” or Ibn Eksuk) was a Turkish General of the Great Seljuk Empire in the 11th century. He was the Seljuk governor of Jerusalem between 1085–1091. Artuk Bey lived in Qüddus up to his death in 1091.

Artuk Bey was one of the commanders of the Great Seljuk Empire army during the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. After the battle, he took part in the conquest of Anatolia on behalf of the Seljuk Empire. He captured the Yeşilırmak valley in 1074. He also served the sultan by quashing a rebellion in 1077.

His next mission was a campaign to capture Amid (modern Diyarbakır) from the Marwanids. In this campaign he quarrelled with the Commander in Chief Fahrüddevlet who tended to make peace with Marwanids. In a surprise attack he defeated reinforcements to Marwanids. However, when the Sultan Malik Shah I heard about the event he suspected Artuk Bey of dissension.

Artuk Bey left the battle field and attended to Tutush I who was Malik Shah’s discordant younger brother in Syria in 1084. In 1086 he was instrumental in defeating Süleyman, the sultan of Seljuks of Turkey in a battle between Süleyman and Tutush.

The Beylik of Artukids was named after him, founded 11 years after his death by his sons. His valiant sons are El Gazi ibn Artuk who battled Baldwin II of Edessa at the Battle of Hab, Syria (1119) but lost and Soqman ibn Artuk, the ally of the hot tempered Tugtekin Bey, The Governor of Damascus against the Crusaders in 1104 at the Battle of Harran near Raqqa.

On this battle the Seljuk Army finally captured Crusader Knights Baldwin Il of Edessa who called himself, King of Tripoli and Jerusalem and Joscelin of Courtenay who called himself Prince of Galilee. Although, they managed to escape later. Soqman ibn Artuk become famous and a true honour to the late Artuk Bey.

End of the Ottoman empire:

By the time the British arrived in the Middle East and started spreading its influence, the great Ottoman Empire was in decline so their rule and influence waned. When Lawrence of Arabia came to unite the scattered Bedouins of Arabia to form a viable state later named Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, he gave a decisive blow to the Turkish rule there by training the Bedouins and leading them to attack the Turkish troops. His attack on Aqaba was the final blow when he crossed the Nefud desert to surprise the Turks from behind.

At the end of the first world war, the Ottoman empire collapsed entirely giving rise to a young army officer called Kamal Ataturk who established the modern dayTurkey, banned veils for women, encouraged education for all and rapid development of the country under a democratic government. This was somewhat similar to what Ertugrul himself promoted centuries ago . His remaining descendants were exiled to various countries thus ending the Ottoman rule forever after some 600 years. The last descendant of the great Ertugrul just died a few weeks ago.

Thus ends the story of the handsome fighter Ertugrul and his beautiful wife Halime Sultan who lie in their eternal sleep in Sogut , Turkey but what a tumultuous life they led, how they suffered and how they overcame their challenges together ! It is a great inspiring story that comes from a forgotten past.

Note : To know the story of Ertugrul in detail, please watch the movie called Resurrection ( Dirilis) in U tube that has English sublitles.

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

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Frog in the well

Source: Google photo of the frog in a well

Synopsis : If you live like a frog in a well, you will have a very limited view of the world. Most poor people who live in small towns in isolation from the rest develop it called the frog in the well syndrome that limits their ability to understand the greater world and how to come out of their limited view and their poverty. They blame others for their predicament but do not take the steps that can improve their life. Their limited view of the world makes them depend more on their belief system that tends to breed fundamentalism in them. The blog looks at the reasons for the poverty and the ways out of it.

Do you know what the proverbial frog does in the well? He waits endlessly for some food that might fall into the well accidentally. He does not know that he would have a much better chance of catching his dinner if he was not in the well but he cannot escape his prison because the well-being deep prevents his escape. Then one day a snake comes to the well and eats him but he too stays in the well waiting for his next meal.

This is a metaphor for some people who live in their own well and have a very limited view of the world. They are not in their well by choice but because they live in a small community that is isolated from the rest of the world due to the geography, poor road connections and the fact that they are born in poor communities where they are destined to spend their entire life just like their parents or grandparents. They have little or no education and find low paying jobs that do not require a lot of education.

This is the story of a lot of mining towns or towns with lumber mills where they are the sole employers if they are lucky. Others in such small towns depend on work in the farms that pay little and require hard physical work.

These small towns and villages create the frog in the well syndrome due to the lack of opportunities and their isolation from the rest of the country. They also breed rabid fundamentalism in their religious views because the church plays a great role in their mundane and humdrum life where the pastor drills into them the merits of their religion from their childhood.

They learn to dislike people who are not like them, who are educated and live the middleclass life with comfort, cars and decent houses so a class divide is created between the poor and the middle class that are called the elites by the poor. We see that poorer the community greater is the feeling of us vs them that fuels this unwarranted mentality.

They are not interested in the outside world and often what happens outside their community. They are not curious about the world and they care less because most will never travel outside their well to see the world and experience the beauty of it because they simply cannot afford. Their priority is food , shelter and survival on very low income so they have no reserve of funds in case of an emergency that can happen to anyone , anytime .They live from day to day and in fear of the crop failures or the job layoffs because their lone employer can’t survive the competition in the modern world.

Women find jobs in diners as waitresses or as grocery clerks while others find some jobs in hair saloons or similar shops. Others stay home and raise children. (I have written a blog called Small towns and dreamers that you may like to read in this context here)

This divide between the uneducated and the educated class exists in all countries although the ratio of poor to the middle class varies from country to country that depends on its geography, level of education and the employment opportunities. We find that a geographically small country like Switzerland has a high level of education that is offered free by the state and a high standard of living because there are plenty of job opportunities with good salary that allows everyone to live a comfortable life. It is easier in small countries than in large countries.

But a vast country like the United States of America or Russia where people living in small rural communities feel very isolated from each other due to their geography and limited employment opportunities creating the frog in the well syndrome that I explained earlier.

A friend of mine once told me that people in his small town in Texas were not interested in his worldwide travels and experience because they had never been outside the well to see the world and experience what my friend had experienced so they had nothing in common anymore. They played bingo, went to the bowling alley or just drank beer while watching some soap operas on TV. Women talked about their hair color or nails while gossiping with other women of similar taste or worried about who will bake the next pumpkin pie for the pastor next week.

I had a similar experience when I went home during my trips to India. I came from a city of over 600000 people living there but the frog in the well mentality was omnipresent. They were not interested in my color slides of various countries or in my experiences in Africa, Vietnam or the United States or what I did for a living because they lived in the world of their own where their world view was indeed very limited.

India is now a technologically advanced country where almost everyone is connected through cable TV via satellite and where everyone keeps a cellphone or two in the pocket. It is a country where practically all the government services are now available online and where massive infrastructure development nationwide is bringing the cities and towns together ,where the rural areas have been electrified and good roads link most of the villages but the frog in the well syndrome persists .

People living in any part of India have very good rail, road and air connection and any one can call anyone in India or abroad easily because of massive investment in fiber optic cables nationwide for communication so people are not as isolated as they were some 50 years ago.

But the reason this frog in the well mentality persists because most people are only interested in what is their priority which is food, shelter, clothes and other sundry things just like in those small towns of Texas. Numerous languages, customs and religions also create division among people so people tend to stick together like birds of the same feathers. This makes them less interested in knowing what happens in different parts of the country because they feel that it does not affect them in any way.

Now in a country where everyone speaks the same language, same everything then there should be more connection between different communities and a better understanding of each other but the opposite happens where the poor resent the middle class they call the elites and show this resentment politically as well by voting for someone who takes advantage of this resentment.

The middle class people in any country do not resent the poor citizens but the poor do because they feel that it is not their fault that they are poor so why they should not prosper? They do not care to know that most middle class people came from poverty but by their effort to get education and skills for the job market, they raised their standard of living. Some of the successful middleclass people were poor only a generation ago so you will find a son or a daughter with college degree while the parents have not finished high school.

It is because such parents gave their children the opportunity to get the education they needed to succeed in their life. They valued education and supported their children somehow in spite of their limited resources. They did not have TV, refs, air conditioners or cars but they always paid for the tuition of their children up to the University level. This meant that they sacrificed their own comforts so that the next generation could climb into the middle class.

This help from the parents has contributed to the phenomenal growth in the middle class population in India and has been instrumental in reducing the overall poverty in the country. We also see this trend in China where they have drastically reduced the poverty level through education and training to get numerous jobs offered by the government as well as the private sector.

In democratic countries we now see a trend that gives more opportunities to boys and girls equally when it comes to education and job placement. This is a change from the previous generation when women got married at a certain age and stayed at home to raise children. This is still true to a great extent among the poor and the very poor people in many societies but it is also true that the education is now available to everyone up to high school level in many poor countries.

In other countries the governments provide free education up to the college level to anyone who qualifies thus making them more employable in the private sector that need skilled and educated people.

As the economy of a country develops and grows, more and more people start joining the middle class to live a higher standard of living than their parents but the divide between the middle class and the poor is not going to vanish any time soon because it takes time, resources and a strong mentality to lift the self out of poverty through education and skills.

The frog in the well cannot come out of its well unless given some help. This help comes in the form of massive investment by the government in primary and secondary education, vocational training facilities etc. so that the younger generation has a better chance to get out of poverty. Without such help, poor people stay where they are generation after generation breeding ill feelings for their predicaments and blaming them on the middle class. Or they can sacrifice and somehow send their sons and daughters to college like our parents did.

This help is like the bucket that someone lowers into the well to draw water when a smart frog jumps into it and comes out. What it means is that not everyone grabs an opportunity when it happens to come their way. One must have the attitude and determination that he will not accept the status quo so will try hard to get out of poverty. Only then he will be able to come into the wonderful and beautiful world that awaits him but it will not come easily. He has to make many sacrifices before the success comes for him or the next generation.

Only then he will learn to be of open mind and learn so many new things that are waiting to be learned. A frog that escapes his well will never go back into it given half a chance.

The question is- Do you have what it takes to climb out of your well and see the big world? If you do then you have taken your first step to make your life better. I wish you all the success.

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

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Biographie d’Anil en français

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Why do we imitate?

Source : Google photo of night club dancing

Synopsis : The blind imitation of the Western culture that contradicts your own values and traditions is something to be avoided unless you are rebellious of your own values. There is always something beautiful in your tradition of dance, music or some form of entertainment that has been practiced since a very long time so western imitation can never replace it.

We see a worldwide trend of countries in Asia , Latin America and even in Africa where people are blindly imitating the Western culture especially the culture of night clubbing, excessive drinking and resorting to very risky sexual behavior that is normally quite alien to their native culture.

This brings them in conflict with those who try to maintain their values and culture but find themselves fighting an uphill battle with the younger generation that imitates the western culture without any hesitation so the businessmen take advantage and set up night clubs and other venues where young people congregate to drink, dance and resort to risky sexual behavior all in the name of having a good time. Needless to say that the club owners make a lot of money so they do not care how people behave as long as they pay to have a good time.

At times things get out of hand and some people start a fight or a ruckus when they have too much to drink that leads to some destruction of properties that the owner does not like so he keeps a few musclemen who step in and stop the fight by taking the trouble makers by their cuffs and throw them outside. It does not matter to them if they continue the fight outside because that comes under the purview of the police that soon arrives and takes away the miscreants to teach them some manners that are in short supply at such places.

Women who go to such night clubs to have a good time often complain of the sexual harassment they suffer where they are groped by some bad boys who take the liberty when they are drunk or under the influence of drugs that are freely available so again the musclemen step in to control them before it really gets out of hand.

We observe that night clubbing , excessive drinking and engaging in risky sexual behavior has become a part of the Western culture that are now being exported to other countries where the young people see nothing wrong in having a good time after a hard day’s work or during the weekends.

When I was in college in California, the aggies with their stetson hats, cowboy boots and big buckle belts always reminded that it was the TGIF time meaning Thank God it is Friday time when they gathered somewhere to drink and dance that often ended in fist fights over some girls and breaking a few chairs but the venue owner took it as the cost of doing business and charged the miscreants double the price of broken chairs and glasses and raked in some extra bucks.

This TGIF culture was deeply rooted in their wild wild West past when the only place in their ramshackle miserable frontier towns was the saloon where the cowboys gathered, drank, gambled and went upstairs to cavort with whores who were grateful for some business. Often gun fights broke out between rivals over insults or perceived insults resulting in quite a few casualties, broken glass and chairs so the sheriff stepped in, arrested the miscreants and hanged them the next day in the public square that the town people came to see because justice was swift in those days and entertainment for the onlookers was always welcome.

So the saloon culture was born that made some money for the owner and gave some employment to the whores who gathered there from various parts of the country in search of some business. This is the staple of the Western cow boy movies in Hollywood that is widely imitated in other countries. The gun fights and the dead bodies was just the part of the charm of these hovels of dirt that attracted the rough and tough people who outnumbered the nice and decent people who enjoyed the hanging in their public squares because entertainment was rare in their towns.

If we fast forward to the present time, we notice that this penchant for a good time has evolved into the TGIF and other forms of entertainment giving birth to a whole new business opportunity for those who want to make money anyway they can so numerous joints are put up in some shady parts of their towns where they hire some musclemen to keep law and order to a tolerable level. The whores upstairs are gone but are replaced by amateur sexually liberated women who do not hesitate to go out with a stranger after a few drinks and groping to continue their fun somewhere else.

Such venues are the gathering places for the common as well as not so common people of shady characters who supply drugs to their clients there or mix some drugs into the drinks on the sly to some who are then taken advantage of later. Others gather there to discuss their business of illegal drugs, trafficking and other nefarious activities. Their goons keep a sharp eye on who comes to their joint especially if they are policemen on the look out for some free drinks.

There are several types of these night clubs depending on the types of clients they attract. I was cautioned by my French teacher in Washington, D.C. not to go to the place near my hostel that perked my curiosity so one day I went in, paid for an expensive glass of beer and saw a naked woman only in her panty gyrating on a table. The clients were all men some with beard, tattoos and rough clothes who were drooling and shouting obscene vulgar things at the poor girl who was only trying to make a few dollars to pay for her rent. The whole place reeked of stale beer, smoke and vulgarity that disgusted me so I walked out and realized that my French teacher was right after all and I should never have gone there.  

Then there are more fancy places where a band plays on the stage where a naked or nearly naked woman wraps her legs around a shiny pole to do what they call pole dancing while men shout insults at her while gulping down their beer or liquor. Some even get excited after some drinks and try to climb onto the stage to grab the poor woman so at that point the musclemen come in to cool them down that may require taking them by their cuffs and throwing them out.

I remember walking the streets near Pigalle in Paris where the touts will try to pull your hand saying naked women are on show so come on in. This sort of sordid joints appeal to those who get excited just looking at the naked women while others go there out of curiosity. The Amsterdam night clubs go a step further where women do sinful things that I will not elaborate here for the sake of decency.

These so called night clubs offer variety of services to their clients who are mostly men who have nothing better to do than to go out and drink until they can’t walk so I call them sorry people who are shallow with low level of education lacking sophistication, manners and taste.

There was a small town in Texas where the criminals opened up a sinful place to cater to sinful people so the town folks were very angry that such a place was corrupting their folks and the youth so they complained to the sheriff to shut the place down. The sheriff then raided the joint and smashed the liquor bottles and trashed the place that did not sit well with the owner who was a mafia man.

The sheriff also outlawed all the whore houses that had come up to cater to a growing clientele so that too was opposed by the owners who did not like to be deprived of their lucrative source of income so they planned to kill the sheriff. The sheriff had a sport car that he liked to run at high speed but one day his brakes failed that crashed his car and killed him on the spot. This led to the resurgence of the shady places once again. This is a true story that was made into a Hollywood movie later.  

Now I come to the night clubs that are sprouting like mushrooms everywhere that attract men, women, boys and girls and the in betweens who gather there to drink and dance often with strangers because they are lonely and need a venue that provides them some excitement. The club usually has a high dais or platform where a fellow called disc jockey plays loud music that he modulates by scratching the LP on the player back and forth exciting the crowd below into a frenzy. These DJs are highly paid for their talent to scratch the discs and putting up a good show. To make the joint more exciting, they use fireworks, blinking colored lights that rotate on a big ball hanging from the ceilings. They also have numerous night clubs especially for the LGBTQ crowd.

There was such a joint in Manila where young people gathered one night to celebrate something or other and were drinking and dancing like there was no tomorrow not knowing that literally there was going to be no tomorrow for them. The place had one narrow door to enter that opened only from outside into the club. Soon the firework and overheated wires caught fire that burned swiftly the very flammable ceiling material turning the whole place into a blazing inferno. By the time the revelers realized the danger they were in, it was too late. They frantically tried to push the door open to escape but the door could only be pushed in from outside so more than 200 or so young people burned to death very horribly.

Then the funeral parlors descended on the burnt bodies like hungry vultures and fought over them to rake up business even before the relatives and friends could claim the remains that showed the dark nature of human beings at such tragic times.

We hear of such tragic incidences in many such clubs in different countries but it does not stop or discourage the revelers frequenting the night clubs because of their belief that bad things may happen to others but not to them. Most of these night clubs violate the safety standards that often lead to the disasters like in Manila while the corrupt safety inspectors fill their pockets to ignore the fire safety violations.

Why do we then imitate this western culture that is being promoted by the Holly wood movies, various TV shows and the social media? What does it have in common with the culture of the country and why young people are so attracted to it that they forget the tragedies that many joints of this nature produce? This culture imported from the West promotes drinking, promiscuity among women and men, irrational behavior, drug culture and outright criminality.

Recently a beautiful young woman was gang raped by no less than 14 people in a place in Mumbai where drugs, liquor and sex was the theme. The poor girl was not only raped, she was beaten unconscious and was thrown from the balcony of a 14th floor building. Her naked body was found smashed on the sidewalk below but the police called it a suicide because some prominent people had raped her and participated in her murder. The investigation is still going on but no real culprit has been arrested.

Some people say that imitation is a form of flattery but why there is this need to flatter anyone or any culture? We notice the pernicious effect of this sort of imitation on the younger people in so many ways. They now buy blue jeans only to shred the jeans on the thighs and knee with razor blades so that they can follow the trend. If this is the latest Western style then they must also imitate them no matter how ridiculous they look.

If the women in the West wear thongs on public beaches then women in Asia also start to wear them creating quite a scandal in some countries. If skin tight yoga pants that emphasize the crotch is the fashion, women in other countries start imitating because they want to be up to date when it comes to fashion.

Young girls shake their butts in a very sexual manner and upload their videos in U tube that gets them a lot of viewers because they have seen such behavior in Hollywood movies and TV shows so they imitate.

Some boys color their hair bright yellow or pink, wear tattoos and ear rings or put safety pins in their eyebrows and studs on their lips because they too are imitating this part of the punk culture of the West. The hippies started the counterculture trend during the Vietnam war to show their rebellion that soon spread to other countries where the young people started imitating them. Some started throwing away their bras because that became a bold fashion statement. These counter culture people congregated in places like Kathmandu and Marrakech in Morocco where weed is very cheap and easily available.

So I come back to the question – Why do we imitate? I will post here a video made by Karolina Goswami where she discusses the reasons so you should watch it. She makes some very valid points and warns the young people of the danger of imitation that is so pervasive in many cultures that are suffering the loss of their own values and traditions so please watch it here.

Source : U tube video of Karolina Goswami

The urge to imitate the Western culture is inherent in the psyche of the younger generation of many countries where less restrained young people with money in their pockets see nothing wrong in imitating the worst aspect of the West in the name of having a good time. They say they like to have a good time so they tend to modify their definition by including drugs, alcohol and free sex. This prospect excites both sexes so now we see a proliferation of night clubs in many countries that shows the growth of the counterculture.

The parents and the authorities find themselves at a loss to provide an alternative to them because a classical theater that presents only classical music, dances or drama does not excite the younger generation as much as the loud music, wilder dancing ,the free flowing alcohol and the prospect of some sex . Women dance lasciviously in skimpy clothes and freely imbibing drinks that may be laced with drugs on the sly. Such places are often prowled by bad boys who are on the lookout for a vulnerable woman who may later agree to go out with them to continue their fun.

Then there are bars where single or divorced women gather to have drinks and talk but they notice right away if a good looking gent is sitting alone so they ask the bartender to send him drinks. If the man raises his glass to thank the women, they move in and start a conversation. This sort of place is also sprouting in many countries now.

People who tend to imitate others lack originality in themselves. You may imitate the good example of someone because it may help you develop a better personality or skill. You may imitate a beautiful design of a house that you like and build one similar to it. You may imitate the good manners and polished behavior of a person who impresses you or you may be inspired to imitate the person who studies hard to pass tough exams to become a successful professional. You may borrow books from him or study with him so that you too may have a bright future.

But to imitate blindly a bad culture imported from somewhere does not improve your life in any way possible. If you have your strength of character and are the kind of person who is not easily swayed by the peer pressure then I salute you. To the rest I can only say that not all imitation is flattery.

 

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

les blogs en français.

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Blogs von Anil in Deutsch

My blogs in Japanese

My blogs at Wix site

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Medium.com

Anil’s biography in English.

Biographie d’Anil en français

La biografía de anil en español.

Anil’s Biografie auf Deutsch

Anil’s biography in Japanese

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Arranged marriage

Source : Google photo of an arranged marriage in India

Synopsis : The arranged marriage is still prevalent in traditional societies like in India where a woman marries an unknown person and hopes to have a long lasting relationship but it is not certain. Now the educated women wish to select their own mates instead of depending on their relatives. Such marriages are derisively called Love Marriage but should the most important decision in their life be left to others? The writings are on the wall that say that this practice must change for the better.

In some countries there is the traditional way of getting married. What it means is that the family of the bride and the groom chooses who their sons and daughters will marry. It is called arranged marriage that has come under scrutiny to some extent by the educated generation that rejects this system. They now say that the tradition of arranged marriage is obsolete today so the men and women should have the right to choose who they will marry.

The act of marriage between a man and a woman is perhaps the most important thing that can happen in anyone’s life because it affects the lives of both parties in a very fundamental way that changes the way men and women look at each other. For the first time for both men and women they come into a physical relationship apart from the emotional relationship that develops that can last a lifetime although in many countries the notion that a marriage is for life is also being challenged.

I will come back to it a bit later in the blog but for now let us focus on the tradition of the arranged marriage system that the traditionalists still vouch for as the best method that produces a long lasting marriage and low chance of divorce. When we notice how fragile the marriage as an institution has become in the Western countries because of rising divorce rate where men and women choose their partners , we also wonder at the pros and cons of such method.

So let us look into the system of arranged marriage and analyze why it is still being practiced in spite of changing times and the new generation of educated and more tech savvy people who come from the middle class and even lower class of the society who are moving up economically. They are more mobile in terms of where they want to work and where both husband and his wife can find jobs to support their growing economic needs. Many move to other countries where they find employment.

One reason I can think of is that the younger educated generation still defers to the traditional values that promote arranged marriage because they trust their parents to make the right decision for them. Very few show the courage to go against the wishes of their families to marry someone their families may not approve of because most married couples still live with their relatives so they wish the new bride to live in harmony with others. The option of living separately and independently is not available to most married couples unlike in the Western countries unless they live in a different part of the country or go abroad.

It is fair to say that the practice of arranged marriage is under pressure to reform in cities but not so much in rural parts because the new generation of educated men and women who grow up in cities join the work force have their own ideas about choosing their partners. So the workplace romance may develop leading to marriage at some point which was not the case when women stayed home. The new opportunities that open up for women who get the higher education and professional training makes them more independent so they may or may not agree to the old system of arranged marriage. Such women tend to choose their own life partners.

It works if both families accept the choice of their daughter and son. However, this acceptance is based on the social compatibility of the couple that ensures that they are of the same religion, same caste and same ethnicity. When the religions are different, it can cause a great deal of trouble in both families because the inter caste and inter religion marriages are still not acceptable in the traditional societies of India. They also say that the love marriages are less sustainable than the arranged ones giving examples of the Western societies.

The origin of this system has its roots in the social practice of keeping the sexes separate from their childhood so a girl may not know a boy so has no chance of developing a sweet heart relationship that may culminate in a marriage when they come of age. It is the same thing for boys who may not have a girlfriend because their traditional society frowns on such relationship but that is now slowly changing as the co-education spreads that later spills into the coworker situation where many romances develop.

This was not the case some 50 years ago and still not the case in rural communities where the tradition of arranged marriage is still strong and where the girl has no choice but to depend upon her family to choose a groom for her. She may be pretty or ugly but mostly with lower education level and skills that limits her to the life of home and hearth but the city girls fare much better for the reasons mentioned above. ( Please read my blog called The institution of marriage here )

An educated family that favors female education accepts more readily the choice of their educated daughters and sons when it comes to marriage than the uneducated people who live in rural areas and are tradition bound although that too is now changing as rural girls are increasingly getting more education than the previous generation in India. I expect the same trend in other countries where the arranged marriage system still prevails.

The Western culture favors their system where women and men are free to choose their mates .Their parents play a minimal role but may give some gifts to the newly married couple. But the success rate judging by the high divorce rate is not great so many young and not so young people choose not to get married but live with their partners. This arrangement makes it easier on them to part ways without the legal hassles and expenses if and when they decide to do so. The illegitimate children have little or no social stigma where most people prefer to live in a relationship but the traditional societies reject it outright and make the couple pay a heavy social cost.

In the Moslem societies, they too practice arranged marriages but often men marry their cousins whom they know but that is not the case among the Hindus who prohibit marriages between the cousins because of the co- sanguinity issues. The Christians are also known to marry their cousins but genetically speaking, it is not a good idea.

I was watching a movie made of a story written by Rabindra Nath Thakur where a beautiful child who was the apple of her parents eyes grows into a more beautiful woman who gets married through the arranged marriage system.

At first all is well but the wife of the elder brother of her husband is a cruel and very quarrelsome woman who hates her and makes their domestic life full of tension every day for one reason or the other making her cry silently. She was told by her parents that she now belongs to the new family by the virtue of her marriage so she must adjust and try to please them as best as she can. The tradition dictates that her new family is now her own although she may still maintain her relationship with her parents depending on how far or near she lives.

She does not have a life of her own because she must live where her husband lives so in this case he lives with his elder brother and his wife in a joint family system. This is very different from the Western countries where the married couple lives somewhere else perhaps in a different part of the country or even abroad but maintains a cordial relationship with the parents and in laws.

In the story the young girl suffers daily until one day her sister in law picks a fight with her husband over money matters in front of the younger woman and her husband and she is blamed for everything bad that has happened since her arrival in the joint family. The quarrel soon gets out of hand and her husband in a fit of rage hits her that makes the toxic woman lose her balance so she falls and hits her head on stone and dies.

Soon the police comes and asks how the woman died and what were the reasons so the husband of this innocent girl says that she was the one who pushed the older woman because of her quarrel so she was promptly arrested and put in jail to wait for the trial. She was shocked and stupefied at the false accusation that her husband made but kept quiet even in the court shedding tears but the judge warned her that keeping quiet can mean a death penalty.

Her father came to see her in jail and pleaded with her to tell the truth but she kept quiet to protect her husband and his elder brother who were the real culprits so she was given the death penalty. Her husband told his elder brother that he can always find another wife but not another brother so he had to sacrifice his innocent wife.

I was shocked but was not surprised at this twist in the story because the blood is always thicker than water so the outsider was sacrificed to protect his brother. The man was a real rascal who put the blame on his innocent wife but his elder brother who was the real culprit was a coward and a heartless person who did not come forward to speak the truth in the court and save the poor sister in law.

Later in the court room both brothers claimed the responsibility for the murder out of remorse seeing that an innocent woman was being punished for what they did but the judge still ruled that the young girl should be hanged.  

This movie made me think seriously about the issue and came to a shocking conclusion. The young girl sacrificed herself in order to protect the guilty because she was told that she now belongs to the new family and must show total loyalty even if they mistreat her this awful way. A Hindu girl growing up in the traditional society will go to any length to protect her husband and his relatives even if it means her own sacrifice so the girl kept quiet and took all the blame.

This sort of friction between women under the same roof is common in the arranged marriage system because the women coming from different families develop no affinity for each other so petty quarrels over household matters develop and may lead to serious trouble as was shown in the Thakur’s story above. Rabindra Nath Thakur often wrote such stories based on some real events.

In the arranged marriage system, the relatives of the  would be groom come to interview the girl and ask her very pointed questions like does she know how to cook and do all the household chores, is she educated, is she willing to marry a person she has not seen and live with him in a joint family etc. In rural areas this interview can turn brutal where they may even ask the girl to walk to see if she is in good health and not lame and make her sing. It is like inspecting a cow before the purchase so may be they also look at her breasts. Such crude behavior is commonplace in rural parts of the country.

It is very insulting to any self-respecting woman but she tolerates because she has no choice in the matter. The would be groom is not scrutinized this way that may lead to many unpleasant surprises later but it is the girl who takes all the risk. Nothing can be more degrading to any woman treated like a cow but that is how some women are treated. It is generally the women who treat other women viciously.

Once they agree that the girl is suitable, the serious business of how much dowry and gifts must be paid by the father of the girl starts. After long negotiations, both parties may come to a conclusion so a blessing ceremony date is decided upon but the girl still does not meet the man until the date of her marriage. She knows nothing about the person she is about to marry or his good or bad habits but she accepts because she trusts her parents who decide for her everything.

We have all heard of cases in India where a newly married woman is tormented by her in laws because she did not bring enough dowry and gifts or they become very greedy and keep on demanding more so either she takes her own life or she is murdered. Now there is a helpline for such abused women offered by NGOs .

I also hear of cases where an educated girl about to be married cancels the marriage if the groom or his relatives start making demands for more money and gifts on the day of marriage. It takes courage to do so but I applaud such courage in women who will not put up with such injustice and take the matter into their own hand. Their courage comes from the fact that they can quickly assess the greedy nature of their grooms and decide that they will be better off not getting married to such people.

It also makes the case for “ Love marriage “ in India although the women in other countries find it abnormal that there is no love involved in the traditional marriage because it is simply a physical marriage where love is not mentioned or even required. The traditionalists deride the concept of love marriage because it is so alien to them. They say that the love will develop once people get married but there is no guarantee that it will happen so millions of women and men are locked into loveless marriages where the husbands are real rogues who may think nothing of sacrificing their spouse in order to save their relatives like in the story mentioned above.

In the Western societies, there were arranged marriages in the aristocracy like in Europe where a marriage consolidated the power and the properties of a given family so it was more due to economics and politics than anything else. Often the bride brought a dowry of hundreds of acres of land so the groom’s family benefitted enormously. There are still political marriages that help consolidate their business or financial well beings but such marriages are limited to a certain people and not widespread like in India.

The clash of tradition with modernity:

I know of a case when an educated person decided to marry a woman who was also very educated and in training to become a doctor but it did not sit well with his father who had promised his friend that his daughter will be his son’s bride. He did not like to lose face so he disinherited his son and refused to attend his marriage.

They got married anyway and moved to the United States where both are settled with good jobs and the cherished citizenship so who was the loser? It was the father who lost a son and a wonderful daughter in law.

I know of another case of a beautiful woman who wanted to marry a very honorable and good person but was prevented by her own brother who called her choice a poor one so she remained single but loyal to her choice. The gentleman made great progress professionally but remained unmarried so both got old until the brother died and only then they got married. She died of cancer later but her husband remained steadfast in his love and loyalty until her last breath. This story is sad but inspiring the way they were so devoted to each other although their golden years were wasted because of the brother.

Now many young people denounce the tradition of arranged marriage and dowry so they get married in a civil registrar’s office where no dowry is paid or even mentioned. But it will take millions of young educated men and women to decide who will be their life partner who will marry them for love and not money to eventually change the system. It is already happening in cities but their rural counterparts are still mired in their ways that will take more time to change.

They must realize that the dowry system is outdated and obsolete that puts tremendous economic pressure on the parents of the woman but does not guarantee a successful marriage. The Hindu Code Bill allows a woman to divorce on certain grounds but most remain locked in their loveless and abusive marriage because they have no other choice.

In another story a very pretty woman got married but her husband died only after six months so she became a widow although she was so young. In India no one wants to marry a widow no matter how young and pretty because of the traditions but one day she met a handsome fellow and both fell in love with each other. The tragedy was that they kept silent and did not let each other know what was in their heart so they were heartbroken. Hiding his grief he went off to become a doctor while alone the woman kept looking for him for more than six years until one day she met him by chance in a railway station.

Both were shocked but she finally declared through her tears of joy that she had spent six years looking for him all over the country but now she had no more resources to travel and is very poor. The doctor also then confessed to her about his feelings but while waiting for his train, another woman showed up who was his co- worker and a doctor so the poor woman shed tears and disappeared after leaving him a note in which she wished him happiness. She sacrificed her love that makes Thakur’s stories so sad.

Dowry and property rights:

In the traditional system in India and elsewhere the dowry given to daughters deprives them of their property rights later after the death of their parents because the sons claim such rights in the patriarchal system. The woman leaves her family to join another family that she starts calling her own so her links with her brother or other siblings start to weaken especially when they live far apart.

Another reason why the property goes from father to son is to keep the property in the family and not to invite in laws into it so the daughters are deprived. Perhaps with the changes in the tradition will bring about equality between brothers and sister but that too will take some time and the realization that all children must be treated fairly and equally.

The marriage of widows:

It seems so unfair that a young woman becomes a widow soon after her marriage due to no fault of her own but the society demands that she remains so for the rest of her life giving her no chance of a normal life. Such widows are not welcome by her in laws so she becomes homeless unless her siblings take her back. But there too she faces an uphill battle if her brothers are married and her in laws there do not welcome her either. ( please read my blog What have I become here )

In such dire straits she then seeks shelter in Benares, Rishikesh or Mathura where some charitable organizations maintain such shelters.  A great man set up shelters for widows where they are taught some skills to make baskets or embroidery that brings them a modest income to live on but more such shelters are needed to help all who are in need. The government of India now allows a widow to receive the pension of her late husband so it is a great relief to them.

It changes if the widow is educated and finds a job to support herself. In some cases young divorced woman finds a second life when she gets married again to someone who is educated and has a good job. I know of a case where it happened like that.

The great social reformers of Bengal in the 18th century like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar and many others encouraged young men to marry widows although how many came forward to marry them is not known. The traditional society still looks down on widows and bars them from attending social events like marriage. This negative view of widows is carried on by married women more than others. I do not know why but it has always been this way. May be it has to do with ignorance, superstition and the lack of empathy.

The dowry less marriages:  

It is a fact that often the parents cannot come up with the dowry for all of their daughters if they are poor and struggling. So what happens to such girls ? A great man called Swami Dayanand Saraswati set up an organization called Arya Samaj ( Society of Aryans)where he performed mass marriages of couples for free so many poor girls and boys get married there even today. But the problem of dowry remains and is not going away anytime soon.

Now with the advent of Internet, Skype and chat media like Facebook and Twitter etc. many find their mates and some of them do get married but this is a modern phenomenon limited only to the urban areas so others living in the hinterland are deprived. May be that will change in the future when the government of India will bring Internet to the villages but it will take more than Internet to change the system.

I hope that someday the tradition will give way to modernization when the boys and girls will be treated equally in all aspects of their life including marriage. I am hopeful although it is an uphill battle.

 

Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography. My blogs can be shared by anyone anytime in any social media.

les blogs en français.

Mis blogs en espagnol

Blogs von Anil in Deutsch

My blogs in Japanese

My blogs at Wix site

tumblr posts    

Blogger.com

Medium.com

Anil’s biography in English.

Biographie d’Anil en français

La biografía de anil en español.

Anil’s Biografie auf Deutsch

Anil’s biography in Japanese

Биография Анила по-русскиu

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