Source : Google photo of Jatindra Nath Das (27th November, 1904 – 13th September, 1929)
Jatindra Nath Das was born in Kolkata in a Bengali middle class family. Bankim Behari Das and Suhasini Das gave birth to Jatin Nath Das on 27th November, 1904. Jatin was brilliant in studies from his childhood. He passed the matriculation and the intermediate exams with flying colours by acquiring first division grades in both the exams. He completed his college from Vidyasagar College in Kolkata.
From his childhood days, Jatindra had interests in politics. He showed special interest in the revolution of India. At an young age, he joined Anushilan Samiti which was a revolutionary group in Bengal. He also joined the Gandhiji’s Non-Cooperation movement. He was well into the political scenario from the very beginning. For his political activities, he was jailed in the Mymensingh central jail by the British government. There he protested against the ill treatment towards Indian political prisoners. He went on a fast for twenty days, but later gave up on the apology of the jail superintendant.
The most important event of his life was when he joined hands with other revolutionaries of India. He even agreed to take part in the bomb making process with Bhagat Singh and other comrades. He was jailed again for the famous Lahore Conspiracy case, in which he participated actively. Jatindra was imprisoned in Lahore Jail. Inside the jail Jatindra, along with other revolutionaries, started hunger strike.
They protested against the ill treatment and the inequality on treatment towards the Indian Political prisoners by the British Government inside the jail. They protested against loathsome conditions of Indian prisoners, be it the weeklong unwashed and dirty clothes that were given for use, or the unsafe food provided to them from a kitchen full of cockroaches and rats, or the absence of newspapers and paper for writing.
Jatindra started his hunger strike on 15th June 1929 and lasted for 63 days. Jatin died on 13th September 1929 due to the rigorous fasting. There was a funeral procession after his death, while he was brought from Lahore to Kolkata. His hunger strike shall be remembered by all Indians, lifelong.
Note : My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese languages at the following links as well as my biography: