My heroes: Queen Lakhsmi Bai of Jhansi


Lakhsmibai was born on November 19, 1828 in the holy city of Varanasi in a Brahmin  Marathi family. She was named Manikarnika and was nicknamed Manu. Her father was Moropant Tambe (a retainer of Chimnaji Appa, brother of Baji Rao) and her mother Bhagirathi Sapre (Bhagirathi Bai).
Her parents came from Maharashtra. Her mother died when she was four years old. Her father worked for a district court in Peshwâ Bithoor that brought Manikarnika as his own daughter. The Peshwa called it “Chhabili”, which means “playful”. She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age; her studies included shooting, horse riding and fencing.

Manikarnika was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Rao Gangadhar Newalkar in May 1842 and was later named Lakshmibai (or Laxmibai) in honor of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi.

After the death of the Maharaja in November 1853  Damodar Rao the Prince was adopted, the British East India Company, under the governor general Lord Dalhousie, applied the doctrine of Accelerated, rejecting the request of Damodar Rao to the throne and the annexation of the State to its territories. In March 1854, Lakshmibai received an annual pension of Rs. 60,000 and ordered to leave the palace and the fort.

Rani then prepared for the battle and issued a proclamation. “We fight for independence In the words of Lord Krishna, if we are victorious, enjoy the fruits of victory, if vanquished and killed on the battlefield, we will surely gain eternal glory and salvation.” ]

She defended Jhansi against British troops when Sir Hugh Rose besieged Jhansi on March 23, 1858. She lost the battle and fled to Kalpi to join other Tatya Tope forces, was followed by the British Army finally to Gwalior where she died from her wounds in battle and was cremated.

The British said that all that her faults in the British eyes may have been, her compatriots will always remember that she was pulled by the mistreatment in the rebellion, and that she lived and died for her country. The queen of Jhansi is therefore remembered as one of the great and brave leaders who gave her life for the country. She was 30 years old when she died.

Note :  My blogs are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese  languages at the following links as well as my biography:

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Anil’s biography in English.

Biographie d’Anil en français

La biografía de anil en español.

Anil’s Biografie auf Deutsch

Anil’s biography in Japanese

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